Recent Submissions

  • A Comparative Reliability Analysis of Aircraft Hangars Made From Steel or Structurally Insulated Panels for Rural Alaskan Applications

    Cuddihy, Zachary M. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-05-01)
    Infrastructure design and construction in rural Alaska creates challenging hurdles that must be discussed early in the design phase for a project. As is the case for this project, a preliminary structural design of a steel and structural-insulated-panel framed airplane hangar was completed to determine which would be more applicable for rural Alaskan villages. With a chosen location of Kotzebue, Alaska, both structures resulted in adequate designs according to the governing provisions (AISC360-16 and NDS 2015 for the steel and wood framed systems, respectively). A subsequent reliability analysis evaluated different limit states used during the design of both structures and the results were compared to the minimum target beta-value of 2.500. The result of this analysis revealed a minimum beta-value of 2.703 for the entire steel structure and a minimum beta-value of 1.064 for the structural-insulated-panel structure. Additionally, recommendations are made about further evaluating both options utilizing a thorough cost estimate that considers the life-span of the structure.
  • Cold Region Pedestrian Bridge Prototype Maintenance Plan

    Weigand, Brian W. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-05-01)
    In recent years there have been several failures of pedestrian bridges in the network of trails maintained by the Municipality of Anchorage (MOA), Parks and Recreation Department, causing the MOA to realize that they need to develop and maintain a bridge maintenance protocol. This project, the Cold Region Pedestrian Bridge Prototype Maintenance Plan, provides a prototype application and platform created to allow the MOA to obtain and utilize information collected by non-engineer workers to report on the condition of various pedestrian bridges (“Prototype Platform”). The Prototype Platform has three major components: the Bridge Inspection Application (BIA), a Bridge Risk Evaluation program (BRE), and the determination of Bridge Risk Categories (BRC). These three components will help the MOA to record bridge condition information, identify safety conditions that need to be addressed, classify the condition of the pedestrian bridges, group them into one of several broad risk categories, and provide the MOA with a way of accessing this information in a more organized manner. This project will provide information about the background of the MOA pedestrian bridges, their importance to the MOA, and prior work done relating to pedestrian bridge inspection approaches. It will also provide detailed information about components of the Prototype Platform, the testing of the components, and recommendations for the future. This project is an overall asset management tool that will help the MOA identify future potential risks on their pedestrian bridge system. The MOA intends to use this data in conjunction with more detailed reports to provide an overall condition assessment for the pedestrian bridges in Anchorage, Alaska. It is understood by all parties that the Prototype Platform is a first step in a broader effort to create a more robust pedestrian bridge maintenance management plan. The fact that the inspection data will be obtained by non-engineer field workers, and is somewhat simplistic and limited as to its content, makes the results from the field inspection data only a place to start. However, given the very real budget constraints and limited resources available to the MOA, the Prototype Platform gives the MOA a way to make meaningful progress in implementing a maintenance protocol. The BIA should be used annually as part of a routine review of pedestrian bridges. However, routine inspections conducted using the application should not replace full inspections and full structural analysis reports that can only be conducted by a professional structural engineer when needed.
  • Studies Into Synergetic Efficiency of Driven Vertical Axis Propellers

    Penrod, Tanner Blackledge (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-08-01)
    In the quickly expanding field of Industrial Multirotor Drones, one of the main limitations is flight time of current multirotor systems. A method of increasing the flight time is to improve the efficiency of the aircraft design. One possibility for increasing efficiency is synergetic design. Synergetic design is a principal where two or more systems are designed to interact to increase the efficiency of the complete system. In the wind turbine industry, synergetic spacing has been used for increasing the efficiency of vertical axis wind turbines by utilizing staggering. Staggered horizontal axis wind farms have been shown to increase the efficiency by as much as 5% over aligned. These methods even more effective for vertical axis wind turbines due to their specific wake pattern. This project reports the results of synergetic efficiencies of driven propellers in various configurations utilizing a test stand. The design requirements for this stand included minimizing outside interference, the ability to test a wide variety of propellers, and have a built-in measurement system for the required calculations. The measurements that were required included the power consumption, rotational speed, thrust output, and spacing of the motors. The test stand also features a custom electronic system for running the systems. The objectives that were completed by the electrical system included driving the motors, setting the desired speed, and measuring the rotations per minute. Data collection methods and raw data gathered are described, discussed, and compared to theoretical maximum efficiency of the propulsion system.
  • Perceptions of UAA Culinary Medicine Curriculum by Dietetics Students

    Hillen, Allison Michelle (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-05-01)
    Participation in culinary medicine courses has resulted in significant health benefits to both medical personnel and students taking part in these courses, as well as the patients they subsequently treat. As culinary medicine curriculums are implemented across the country, evaluating outcomes becomes necessary. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate and identify which components of the University of Alaska Anchorage culinary medicine curriculum were most and least beneficial in supporting the achievement of course student learning outcomes (SLOs) and a resulting sense of competency in culinary medicine among students. Determining qualitative outcomes of education and comparing these with expected SLOs helps to further develop the culinary medicine curriculum. Adding to the established literature strengthens the basis for culinary medicine’s expansion. Outcomes indicate that the courses’ major project, the Community Culinary Nutrition Intervention (CCNI), had the greatest impact on the student learning experience. Students’ culinary skills were strengthened as was their creativity. Students experienced what they referred to as an “eye-opening” look at their communities, seeing them in a new light after completing the CCNI. A small study size as well as limited diversity in demographics limit the generalizability of this study. The findings of this study help to inform faculty with making modifications to the existing course framework.
  • The Effect of a Single Nutrition Education Session on the Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Female Adolescent Gymnasts.

    Salazar, Haley (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-05-01)
    Gymnastics is a complex sport that requires tremendous skill and places high physical demands on the body. This can be especially challenging for adolescent gymnasts, as they need their bodies to perform athletically as they are maturing and growing into adults. Although there is evidence of adequate nutrition supporting athletic ability and proper growth, many young athletes may lack the essential nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors needed to implement proper nutrition habits. This can be especially true for adolescent female gymnasts as they partake in demanding, rigorous, and specialized trainings beginning in the young stages of life. Gymnastics is also a sport that is judged on aesthetics, causing this population to be at high risk for disordered eating patterns. It is important to assess what these young athletes know about nutrition, how they perceive it, and if they act on it. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a single nutrition education session on the nutrition knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of female adolescent gymnasts. Participants were asked to complete a survey measuring nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors immediately prior to a nutrition education session. Immediately after the nutrition education was provided, the same survey was repeated. At a one month follow up, the gymnasts were asked to complete the same survey for the final time. The results of the Friedman test indicated that there was a statistically significant improvement in the participants’ nutrition knowledge across the three measurement points (baseline, immediately after education, final survey, x2 (2.40, n=5) = 8.44, p < 0.005). The attitudes (p = 0.497) and behaviors (p = 0.790) of the participants were not significantly impacted by the nutrition education session. Evidence suggests that providing a single nutrition education session significantly improves the nutrition knowledge, along with retention of the gained knowledge at the one-month follow up, of female adolescent gymnasts.
  • Diabetes and Nutrition Education for Pregnant Women With Preexisting Diabetes in Urban Alaska: A Retrospective Quality Improvement Study

    Anderson, Audrey (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-05-01)
    There has been a rise in the number of women entering pregnancy with preexisting type 1 and type 2 diabetes due to changing demographics of the obstetric population, including advanced maternal age and obesity. Uncontrolled diabetes during pregnancy is directly correlated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Educational approaches need to be taken to decrease the advancement of an intergenerational cycle of diabetes fueling the current global epidemic. This retrospective chart review aimed to evaluate the relationships between completion of education (i.e., diabetes or nutrition) and outcomes measures (i.e., glycemic control and birth outcomes) in mothers with preexisting diabetes at an urban Alaska health system for the purpose of quality improvement in clinical practice. Education provided by a registered dietitian nutritionist and/or certified diabetes educator in accordance with the American Diabetes Association Management of Diabetes in Pregnancy: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes – 2020 improves clinical outcomes, behaviors, and quality of life. In this study, data from 78 charts were reviewed including BMI, HbA1c preconceptionally and during each trimester, pregnancy complications (i.e., preeclampsia), birth outcomes (i.e., gestational age, birth weight, cesarean delivery, shoulder dystocia, malpresentation, premature rupture of membrane, postpartum hemorrhaging, and fetal loss), demographics (i.e., age, employment status, ethnicity), and completion of diabetes education or nutrition education. The insufficient availability of outcome measures documented in medical charts and low numbers of medical record sharing among facilities limited the ability to evaluate the impact of education on glycemic control and subsequent birth outcomes in this study. The systematic evaluation of outcomes is the backbone to demonstrating the efficacy of registered dietitian nutritionists and certified diabetes educators in helping women achieve glycemic self-management outcomes. In terms of quality improvement, more documentation is needed. Medical data needs to reflect overall care provided in order to gauge the effect of iv education on glycemic control and birth outcomes. To decrease barriers of reviewing a chart, the extraction of chart data should be accomplished solely by the principal investigator. Recommendations for future outcomes studies should include collecting data on a continuum of clearly defined blood glucose levels during pregnancy to reflect the effect diabetes and nutrition education has on glycemic control and birth outcomes.
  • Implementation of Nudges at a Food Pantry in Anchorage, Alaska

    Holland, Kiana (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    Food pantry clients experience many health disparities, including elevated incidence of diabetes, heart disease, and other nutrition-related conditions. Nutrition education interventions in the form of a nudge can be an effective method to increase nutrition knowledge and to positively influence nutrition-related behaviors and attitudes surrounding healthful eating. Attitudes refer to the emotions, or beliefs towards something, whereas behaviors are the actions taken. The goal of this project was to develop a nutrition intervention in the form of a nudge to increase the selection of nutritious foods by pantry clients. Objectives included creating a guidebook for the pantry to utilize when implementing the nutrition education materials that were developed in this project. The nutrition education materials include nudges, extended nudges, client handouts, and recipe cards. This intervention will be implemented at the St. Francis House Food Pantry, which is a part of Catholic Social Services in Anchorage, Alaska. This food pantry serves a broad demographic of clients on a monthly basis, in a client-choice distribution model. The intervention includes nudges, extended nudges, client handouts, recipe cards, and a guide binder. These will be reusable so the pantry can utilize the materials repeatedly in the future. There is limited existing research on implementing nudges in the food pantry setting. Therefore, in order to determine the efficacy of implementing a nudge intervention in Anchorage, Alaska food pantries further research is needed.
  • Develop and Standardize a DOT&PF Statewide Airport Construction Specifications Updating Process

    Groeschel, Virginia Corazon deJesus Cruz (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    This research study evaluates the operational performance of an experimental process model developed to provide a systematic and repeatable approach to updating the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (DOT&PF) Statewide Standard Airport Construction (SSAC) specifications to comply with the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA’s) Advisory Circular (AC) 150/5370-10H – Standard Specifications for Construction of Airports, (10H). In order to develop and standardize an effective process within DOT&PF, this study must examine how a large government organization, like DOT&PF, implements change. This study also discusses which key Project Management Institute’s (PMI’s) knowledge areas provide the framework for initiating, planning, and executing an implementation phase of this experimental process model on two specification sections, P-401 – Asphalt Mix Pavement (P-401) and P-318 – Foamed Asphalt Stabilized Base Course (P-318). P-401 is also referred to in this study as the “Beta Test case” and P-318 as the “Trial Run case”.
  • Fostering Place-Based Education and Inclusion in the Classroom Through School Grades

    Gonzales-Smith, Karina (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    Place-based education expands the space where students learn by connecting to the outdoors, such as garden-based lessons that are dynamic and have a multidisciplinary curriculum. Students are given the opportunity to learn healthy behaviors, environmentally sustainable practices, and life skills. Inclusion is fostered by giving teachers and students agency in the learning experience. The purpose of this study was to view garden education through the lens of place-based education, critical pedagogy, and social justice. To this end, a lesson plan template was created to facilitate future development of garden-based lessons characterized by responsive curriculum and alignment with academic standards. A university internship course was visualized to support the collaborative effort of school garden programs.
  • Development of a Young Parents' Guide for Income, Education, Employment, and Health Resources in Southcentral Alaska

    Warren, Hannah (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    The issue of pregnancy at a younger age is a global problem that affects the socioeconomic status of people living in our community. The goal of this project was to compile a working, comprehensive, accurate and easy to read resource guide. The primary users of the guide are to be youth who may be planning to be pregnant, pregnant, engaging in risky sexual behaviors which may or may not lead to pregnancy, and/or parenting. Other intended users of the guide are to be workers in the social services and public health field. The resource guide created was assessed by the investigator to be the first of its kind specific to the target population within the Southcentral Alaska region. This study recommends that when working amongst this population that public health practices be used in conjunction with social services, keeping in mind the importance of preventative as well as intervention methods. Mainly, it is suggested that social services sites provide a brief and accurate list of useful links to other resources they recommend for further assistance. Utilizing the Health Belief Model, the intent of this project was to empower young people in this situation to have the knowledge and resources necessary to make informed decisions regarding their health and future.
  • The Detection and Treatment of Diabetes Distress

    Viens, Kylie Jane (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    The purpose of this project is to develop evidenced-based, best practice guidelines on detecting and treating diabetes distress for health care providers at Southcentral Foundation (SCF). A need was identified at SCF because health care providers do not currently screen for diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes. Key findings include the importance of detecting and treating diabetes distress, critical times to screen for diabetes distress, and evidenced-based treatment options if diabetes distress is detected. It was determined that the Diabetes Distress Scale is a valid and reliable tool for health care providers to assess diabetes distress in the primary care setting at SCF. Additionally, by using the SCF approaches and processes for improvement, a Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle was created for planning and implementing sustained screening for diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes. Lastly, an educational portal was designed for health care providers to better equip them for detecting and treating diabetes distress in their respective practice setting.
  • The Utilization of Close Observation in Acute Psychiatric Inpatients

    Farley, Sean (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    Close observation is a psychiatric interventional method implemented for individuals who are displaying self-injurious or aggressive behaviors. This is a widely used intervention within the field of mental health Close observation is also regulated by The Joint Commission and the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services for accreditation purposes. A review of the current literature was conducted and revealed that frequently psychiatric patients are placed on inappropriate levels of close observation, that revisions to the close observation policy/practice improve both psychiatric patients and staff safety outcomes, and can overall decrease hospital costs associated with observation intervention. The purpose of this project was to examine the utilization of close observation at an adult psychiatric in-patient facility in Anchorage, Alaska. The Plan Do Study Act model was used as an organizational framework to guide this project. The methodology of the project involved reviewing inpatient psychiatric records, to generate the project’s data for analysis under a process that was monitored by Alaska Psychiatric Institute’s risk management department. Subsequently, the principal investigator organized and statistically analyzed the collected data using the Chi Square method of statistical analysis. The Chi Square statistical method analyzed the differences between the various levels of close observation, self- injurious and aggressive behaviors. The results of the statistical analysis support recommendations to revise the current close observation protocol and practice at Alaska Psychiatric Institute. The evidence generated was used as a forerunner to revise policy that was aimed at improving the utilization of close observation. The project results were disseminated to API via presentation to key stakeholders. The project was catalogued at the University of Alaska Anchorage per protocol.
  • LED Traffic Signal Luminous Intensity Degradation: A Preliminary Data Analysis

    Quinonez, Michael Alejo (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    Light emitting diodes (LEDs) have replaced a high amount of incandescent lights in the past couple decades. LEDs, when they degrade keep bright even though they fall outside of the required specification values determined by the Institute of Traffic Engineers 2005 traffic signal specification. The purpose of this research study is to take measurements of various traffic signals in both Anchorage Alaska and Fairbanks Alaska to determine the rate of decay over their years of installment. This was done by visiting 34 intersections combined and using a spectroradiometer to measure for luminance which then converted to a luminous intensity value by applying the ITE guidelines of conversion. Results confirm what was expected that traffic signals show a trend as they do degrade at an increase the longer they are out on deployment. A hypothesis testing of means was one of the methods applied to prove this theory. LEDs do degrade over time, however it is important to find the trends so that department of transportations and engineers can make the safest and cost effective decision as to when to replace a LED traffic signal.
  • Maximum Footprint, Minimum Space: A Guide to Small-Lot Residential Accessory Building Construction

    Conner, Edward Michael (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    Short of reading several chapters of building codes that lack diagrams, helpful descriptions or layman’s glossary of terms, homeowners are without a starting point when constructing an accessory structure such as a shed, fence or deck on their property. This project evaluated industry best practices, analyzed areas of misunderstanding or misapplication of Municipality of Anchorage (MOA) regulations, and developed a user-friendly pamphlet to reference for design and construction of accessory buildings on shared residential lots. Key stakeholder interviews and community surveys were conducted throughout project planning and execution phases to identify knowledge gaps and pain points. Employing and adapting the pamphlet while constructing a shed that purposefully maximized dimensional limits set forth by MOA and homeowner’s association (HOA) regulations for small residential lots produced a succinct, yet comprehensive guide. Thorough research and site surveys identified a lack of understanding of building code terminology coupled with minimal HOA oversight which ultimately led to structures built too close to others, in violation of zoning easements, and even those that create safety hazards by blocking utility shut-off access. The final academic deliverable is an instructional guide that streamlines the planning process by supplementing building code legalese with detailed diagrams on how to properly position structures, acts a risk mitigation instrument by highlighting common legal exposures, identifies fixed constraints in layman’s terms and underscores hazards common to building accessory structures.
  • Application of Project Management to Optimize Logistics and Reduce Risks for a Do-t-Yourself Personal Vehicle Bumper Replacement in Alaska

    Stokes, Leslie Thomas (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    In Alaska, coordinating logistics is regularly a disadvantageous factor that can lead to unsuccessful projects. Improper schedules and the impacts of unplanned risks can severely affect proper completion of a vehicle modification, especially in the do-it-yourself arena where project documentation is almost non-existent. Insufficient risk and response planning can delay or cause the termination of a venture. In the Application of Project Management to Optimize Logistics and Reduce Risks for a Do-It- Yourself Personal Vehicle Bumper Replacement in Alaska Project, the risks of selecting an appropriate replacement bumper, performing a factory bumper removal, and completing a replacement bumper installation were identified and analyzed in order to create a living toolkit of threats and opportunities. The potential or actual effects of the risks on the schedule, as well as mitigation and response measures taken were recorded. The overall project schedule includes a timeline from developing the project management plan through the replacement process. Risk and logistics management documents are strictly related to the procurement and replacement processes. Manuals comprised of procurement analysis and instructions for product installation that supplement the manufacturer’s instructions have been produced as deliverables. Final deliverables will be presented to the committee along with follow-on operational tasks continuing to contribute additional procedures or tools deemed prudent by the organization.
  • Alyeska Regional Freeride Classic Marketing Plan

    Else, Erin (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
    The Alyeska Regional Freeride Classic Market Plan project delivers a fully executable marketing plan created to measurably increase the number of out-of-state event participants by 100% over the previous year. Market segmentation defined potential new athletes as well as their parents. Marketing techniques centered on winter sport tourism and destination branding were researched to appeal to the target markets as well as interviews and post-event surveys to define consumer characteristics. Using project management tools and techniques to drive scope and quality, an event marketing plan was created to appeal to new consumers through social media and an event website as an attractive tourist destination.
  • Cook Inlet Sediment Budget and Water Quality Model

    Wagner, Natalie (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2021-05-01)
    The topic that is being addressed is whether the sediment load into Cook Inlet increasing as the glacier melt rate has increased in the last 50 years? This is important since regional watershed understanding of the sediment balance and potential changes in sediment erosion and deposition rates in areas and along the coast may impact infrastructure like pipelines, bridges and roads, or communities. The scope includes a discussion on over fifty (50) years of related research, river water and sediment inputs, and an assessment of existing models. Data from USGS and other available sources were gathered, a large scale, high-level statistical assessment was conducted to determine if the riverine discharge data showed any significant increases in flow and sedimentation. The initial results showed that flow was increasing in time, and sediment transport could be as well. A more comprehensive review of the riverine discharge data shows a trend that the rivers are experiencing larger flows. There is not sufficient, comparable data yet to determine if the sediment load has also increased. The research efforts helped to create a basic sediment budget for the Cook Inlet Watershed. The most important results are that the glaciers are melting at a faster rate and the data show that the river discharge volumes are increasing, while sediment rates remain constant or are decreasing. The question this thesis is attempting to answer is whether there is also an increase in the sediment transport. Based on the available data reviewed, the river sediment load appears to be decreasing while the river water content appears to be steady or increasing.
  • Project Manager Personal Improvement Plan

    Hogarth, Madeline (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2021-05-01)
    The development of soft skills associated with the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) area of communication management is essential to effective project management and is difficult to completely develop and assess in an academic environment, such as The University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) Master of Science in Project Management (MSPM) program. This is especially important as project management trends towards Agile, which identifies project managers as “servant leaders,” requiring an emphasis on such interpersonal leadership. Research and analysis of program and non-program stakeholders supported the project and hypothesis. This project resulted in a Project Manager Personal Improvement Plan, which provides a systematic approach for developing a measurable plan catered to individual project manger’s maturing communication soft skill areas. Phase one of this project included three project status briefs, a complete project management plan, and final out-brief before execution of phase two, which included three project status briefs, delivery of the Project Manager Personal Improvement Plan to the client, final project report, and final out-brief following project closure. In conclusion, it is recommended that UAA MSPM students use this plan to develop these often immature but highly important skills which do not receive a targeted focus in the program.
  • Rural Alaska Airport Improvement Projects: A Pre-Construction Management Guide

    Underwood, Daron (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2021-05-01)
    In the State of Alaska roughly 8 out of 10 communities are not connected to the road system, limiting the ability to obtain items ranging from daily essentials to medical care to water or air. Referred to by Alaska’s Department of Transportation as “Alaska’s Lifeline,” rural airports serve vital roles in the welfare of remote and neighboring communities, especially when access by road is not an option. Many villages, towns, councils, and individuals are responsible for independently developing improvement plans for their existing airports. This report details processes followed to develop a dual-objective guide which looks at a range of rural airports throughout Alaska and their respective uses. Utilizing information gained through subject matter expert interviews and research, the guide presents various management processes, tools, and techniques to consider during pre-construction planning of rural airport improvement projects. In addition to standard management practices, the guide references requirements set by the Federal Aviation Administration, State of Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities Standard Specifications for Airport Construction, as well as various permitting agencies. Using these references, the guide provides sources for rural airport usage requirements and aids in determining what type of improvements are necessary and feasible.
  • Reign Consulting Business Plan

    Jessup, Colton T. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2021-05-01)
    This project provides a business opportunity by creating a local business specializing in construction management consultation and land survey-related work. With heightened construction project demands, specifically in Northwest Alaska, contracts are beginning to be awarded to companies not local to Alaska. The region's opportunity for this type of company includes stakeholders but is not limited to mining, local government agencies, and local community organizations. This project creates a local business plan that will increase market share to locally owned and operated companies. The mining industry is vital for business feasibility as it starts. Following procedures detailed in this plan, the desire to start a company providing surveying, mapping services, and construction management is attainable. Relevant knowledge obtained as a land surveyor in training & Northwest Alaska Region shareholder offers a specialized skill set working in the region. This project applies project management principles to create a plan for developing a small consulting firm in Northwest Alaska and the present option for market and growth within Alaska's state

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