• Why do Women Choose to Bed-Share With Their Infants?

      Miller, Victoria (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-09-02)
      In the early 1990s, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) initiated Back to Sleep to decrease infant mortality from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). A decline in SIDS followed; however, accidental deaths from asphyxiation, overlaying, falls, and suffocation increased. Classified as Sudden Unexplained Infant Deaths (SUID), these deaths occurred more frequently in infants who bed-shared. To minimize the risk of SUID, the AAP released guidelines in 2011 advising against bed-sharing. However, despite the new guidelines, bedsharing rates remain near 50%. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to examine why women bed-share. The author found better sleep, breastfeeding, closeness, convenience, and safety as frequent reasons for bed-sharing. Less commonly found were culture and financial limitations. A greater understanding of the reasons women bed-share can help providers discuss this issue with parents, guide interventions to reduce bed-sharing, and improve compliance with AAP guidelines.
    • Wind Farm Feasibility and Cost Analysis Kobuk River Valley, Noorvik and Kiana

      Smith, Cory (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      Western Alaska villages have incredibly high energy costs due to being off the road system. They rely upon the delivery of fuel by air cargo or barge cargo services for their diesel power plants. This is a particularly costly operation, and fuel prices delivered by this method are typically double, or even triple, the national average. In turn, this results in monthly electricity bills of $500/month or more for a typical household in the winter, which most families in this impoverished region can’t afford. The Northwest Arctic Borough (NWAB) has some of the highest cost averages of Western Alaska, due to its extreme remoteness and very limited barging capabilities. This Capstone project will involve researching the high energy costs in Western Alaska, with special attention to the NWAB, compared to both Alaskan and national averages; and, will research the costs of planning, construction, and operations of wind farms in Western Alaska. The project will enlist various research methods, including literary research, interviews, estimating, and cost analysis tools. It will present a cost analysis of designing, constructing, and maintaining a wind farms vs. traditional diesel generated costs. Lastly, it will provide a recommendation to whether a wind farm in the Kobuk River Valley is a worthwhile endeavor. The final project deliverable will be a research paper and recommendation intended to be used by stakeholders in the energy industry. It will take into consideration initial investment costs, operations and maintenance costs, current subsidies, and any potential long term cost savings.