Browsing Alaska Justice Forum by Author "Mannheimer, David"
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 24, No. 4 (Winter 2008)Mannheimer, David; Moras, Antonia; Greenstein, Marla (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-01-01)The Winter 2008 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents a comparison of the American and Russian constitutions, a description of the Khabarovsk-Alaska Rule of Law Partnership (KAROL), discussion of children with incarcerated parents, figures on prison populations in Alaska and the U.S., immigration figures in the United States from 1910 to 2006, and figures on non-citizens in the Alaska correctional system.
A Comparison of the American and Russian ConstitutionsMannheimer, David (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-01-01)The constitutions of the United States and the Russian Federation were written half a world and more than two hundred years apart. Despite this fact, the two constitutions appear to be remarkably similiar on many levels. Yet their surface similarities mask true differences—differences in the explicit provisions of the two constitutions and also differences in how seemingly equivalent provisions have been put into practice. These differences are mainly attributable to two factors: the extremely different political problems facing the two nations when they drafted their constitutions and the different political traditions that shaped the drafters' choices and emphasis. This article gives a history of the development of the two constitutions, explores the two nation's provisions for federal supremacy, the presidency, and the rights of citizens, and compares the American constitution's emphasis on procedure with the Russian constitution's relative open-endedness about the powers of government and selection of officials.