• Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Fall 1994)

      Curtis, Richard; Schafer, N. E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Carns, Teresa W.; Josephson, Sarah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-09-01)
      The Fall 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum analyzes the 1,552 juvenile detention events in Alaska in 1993, which involve 1,023 youths who spent a total of 21,452 days in detention. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), one of two Justice Department measures of crime in the United States (the other being the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports) has been redesigned. Surveys recently conducted by the Joint State-Federal Courts Gender Equality Task Force present an overall picture of gender equality issues in Alaska state courts.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 4 (Winter 1995)

      Longoria, Carrie D.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Fenaughty, Andrea M.; Massey, Holly A.; Fisher, Dennis G. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-01-01)
      The Winter 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines the implementation of Anchorage Police Department’s domestic violence policy, which treats domestic violence cases as criminal offenses and reflects consistent concern for victim safety. During 1993, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 38 men were executed in the U.S.; at year’s end, 34 states and the federal prison system held 2,716 prisoners under sentence of death, 5.3 percent more than at yearend 1992. As part of an national five-year study of drug users, AIDS, and HIV, researchers at the University of Alaska Anchorage have assembled data measuring the risk perceptions of individuals in Anchorage who are at some actual risk for contracting HIV — data which may have some implications for correctional systems.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring 1995)

      Schafer, N. E.; Curtis, Richard; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-03-01)
      The Spring 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines detention data collected during Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act compliance monitoring to describe juvenile detentions in Alaska for the five years from 1989 to 1993, with particular attention given to repeat offenders, defined as individuals detained six or more times during the five-year period. The Alaska Judicial Council and Alaska Court of Appeals have further expanded the computerized case management system designed by the Alaska Judicial Council.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Summer 1995)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Miller, Roger C.; Atwell, Cassie (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-06-01)
      The Summer 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the first of two articles of a 1994 statewide public opinion survey on community and public safety problems (and proposed solutions) in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports results from a study of tort cases in state courts, finding that during a one-year period ending in 1992, state courts of general jurisdiction in the nation's 75 largest counties disposed of an estimated 378,000 tort cases involving 1.4 million plaintiffs and defendants. According to 1991–1994 offense and arrest statistics compiled by the Justice Center under the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act (CACSA) of 1990, University of Alaska Anchorage educational and research sites are relatively free from serious crimes.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 3 (Fall 1995)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-09-01)
      The Fall 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the second of two articles reporting results of a statewide public opinion survey on community and public safety problems in Alaska; responses about quality of life, community satisfaction, fear of crime, crime trends, and willingness to help with public safety activities are presented by area (Southeast Alaska, Valdez/Kenai/Mat-Su, Anchorage, Fairbanks, rural Alaska, and total statewide). A Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that, of an estimated 9,600 murder defendants in the nation's 75 most populous counties in 1988, six percent (an estimated 540 defendants) were persons charged with murdering their spouses.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 4 (Winter 1996)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Schafer, N. E.; Green, Melissa S. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-01-01)
      The Winter 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the first of two articles examining results of the village component of a statewide public safety project conducted by the Justice Center for the Alaska Department of Public Safety, in which researchers interviewed residents and officials of 28 Alaska villages on characteristics, government, and social control in predominately Alaska Native villages. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on the growing U.S. prison population, which increased 8.8 percent between mid-1994 and mid-1995; a sidebar story compares Alaska with states of similar population in an effort to understand the disparity in its rankings, with racial disparities in Alaska's prison population a possible factor. The Justice Center establishes a website.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 1 (Spring 1996)

      Lerman, Averil; Bureau of Justice Statistics; National Institute of Justice; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-03-01)
      The Spring 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents an account based on historical research of the trial and execution for murder of a Native fisherman, Nelson Charles, in Juneau in 1939 — one of the last executions in Alaska, which abolished the death penalty in 1957. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on capital punishment in the U.S. in 1994, during which 13 states executed 31 prisoners. The second of two articles on the village component of a statewide public safety project conducted in 1994 by the Justice Center for the Alaska Department of Public Safety focuses on the information derived from on-site interviews conducted in twenty-eight rural communities with predominately Alaska Native populations; specific, localized arrangements for public safety are described. Research in Germany on the effect of alternative sanctions on juvenile offenders indicates that youthful offenders sent to prison have higher rates of recidivism than those given alternative sanctions.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 2 (Summer 1996)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Rieger, Lisa (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-06-01)
      The Summer 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents several articles on legal resources, both criminal and civil, available to Alaskans with low incomes, describing services provided by the Alaska Public Defender's office and Alaska Legal Services Corporation; criteria for determining indigency when assigning public counsel in Alaska; a 1996 amendment to Alaska's Public Defender Act; criminal defense services for low income people throughout the United States; and tort reform efforts in Alaska and nationwide which may result in decreased access to the courts for individuals with low incomes. An additional article describes results of a recidivism study of participants in the Sex Offender Treatment Program at Hiland Mountain Correctional Center from January 1987 to August 1995.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 3 (Fall 1996)

      Erlich, Richard; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Cravez, Pamela (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-09-01)
      The Fall 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum leads with a discussion of the particularities of justice system issues in the Northwest Arctic Borough based on historical evidence, research and personal observations made from Judge Richard Erlich’s experience as a long-term resident and Superior Court judge in Kotzebue. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on criminal victimization in the United States in 1994. The Joint State-Federal Courts Gender Equality Task Force reports on its three-year investigation into gender bias in Alaska state and federal courts, finding that sex-related bias affects not only litigants, witnesses, lawyers, employees, and judges with regard to process, but also with regard to the substantial outcome of cases.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 4 (Winter 1997)

      Claus, Haydee; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-01-01)
      In the Winter 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, a certified interpreter for the federal and California court systems corrects misunderstandings about the nature of language interpretation in legal proceedings, observing that accurately interpreting to and from English in proceedings requires a language proficiency often misunderstood by participants in the court proceedings, and that lack of proficient interpretation can give rise to errors which threaten the integrity of the justice process. An accompanying sidebar describes the legal interpretation practice in Alaska courts and other Alaska justice agencies. A related article highlights two committees working on the problems presented by language interpretation and court proceedings in state and federal courts in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on noncitizens in U.S. federal courts and prisons; sidebar stories describe background figures and information on noncitizens in Alaska and efforts of the Immigration and Naturalization Service to identify, apprehend, and deport criminal aliens. Dr. John E. Angell retires from his position as Director of the UAA Justice Center after over twenty years of service at the University of Alaska Anchorage.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 1 (Spring 1997)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-03-01)
      The Spring 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents from 1975 to 1995 on murder and nonnegligent manslaughter in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall; compares Alaska rates with homicide rates nationwide; discusses weapons used and the relationship between victim and offender in Alaska homicides; and compares the murder rate with the rate of other causes of death in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that sixteen states executed 56 prisoners during 1995, the largest number of prisoners executed in a year in the U.S. since 1960; and the use of capital punishment by nations worldwide is examined.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 2 (Summer 1997)

      Moras, Antonia; Riley, John (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-06-01)
      The Summer 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines community policing — an approach that relies on officer-initiated efforts to reduce crime and public disorder — and the Anchorage Police Department’s attempt to implement community policing in the Mountain View neighborhood of north Anchorage. Dr. Robert H. Langworthy has accepted the position of Director of the Justice Center at University of Alaska Anchorage.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 3 (Fall 1997)

      Schafer, N. E.; Curtis, Richard (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-09-01)
      The Fall 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum summarizes major findings of the final report of the Alaska Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Fairness and Access, reporting that the committee received few complaints of intentional racial or cultural bias by the court system, but learned about areas of unintentional bias, cultural misunderstandings, inadequate services, and lack of accessibility. Many of the committee's findings have relevance to justice system agencies beyond the court system. A Justice Center study of 28,618 referrals to the Alaska juvenile justice system found considerable disparity between white and minority youth in the rate at which they were referred, the frequency of their referrals, and the types of offenses which brought them to the attention of juvenile justice personnel.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 4 (Winter 1998)

      Riley, John; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-01-01)
      The Winter 1998 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features several articles on juvenile justice, including figures on juvenile arrests in Alaska over from 1987 to 1996, during which the Alaska juvenile arrest rate actually declined; the provisions under Alaska Statutes for juveniles to be waivered into the adult justice system; and procedures and laws regarding the disclosure of records of juvenile offenders in Alaska and nationally. Research on the informal conversational patterns of correctional officers at Spring Creek Correctional Center, a maximum security prison in Seward, Alaska, shows how practices of cultural interpretation common to all work groups may pose particular public relations challenges to correctional officers and those who supervise them.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 1998)

      King, Rachel; Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-03-01)
      In the Spring 1998 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, an assistant public defender who served from 1991 to 1994 in three jurisdictions in rural Alaska — Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Kotzebue — focuses on the situation of rural Alaska Natives to describe how several structural aspects of the criminal justice may contribute to the overrepresentation of Alaska Natives in the Alaska prison system. The second phase of a Justice Center study of racial disproportionality in juvenile referrals in Alaska looks at 33 youth who had five or more referrals, examining individual criminal histories and family backgrounds as revealed in the files, and notes noted that juveniles from rural communities sometimes received referrals for behavior that would have been handled informally in urban settings.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 2 (Summer 1998)

      Moras, Antonia; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-06-01)
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 3 (Fall 1998)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-09-01)
      A study of Alaska prisoners, described in the Fall 1998 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, finds that long-term inmates in Alaska prisons show evidence of having experienced a high rate of abuse during their childhoods; the study examined the issue of a “cycle of violence” and sought out correlates of abuse which may have an impact on offense patterns or inmate behavior. A Bureau of Justice Statistics report finds that the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal or state correctional systems grew 5.2 percent during 1997. An Alaska Judicial Council study of felony probation revocation cases found that the reasons for revocation of probation status for Alaska Natives did not differ from those underlying revocation for non-Native offenders, but did find some difference by ethnicity for the original conditions of probation.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 4 (Winter 1999)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1999-01-01)
      The Winter 1999 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents Alaska and U.S. figures on correctional populations over an eleven-year period from 1988 to 1998, during which time Alaska's prison population grew by 57 percent and its rate of incarceration grew by 18 percent, while the overall state population grew by only 16 percent. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that over 570,000 of the nation's prisoners (51%) reported the use of alcohol or drugs while committing their offense. Uniform Crime Reports statistics show that the overall rate of reported crime in Alaska grew by 7 percent from 1988 through 1997.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 16, No. 1 (Spring 1999)

      Atwell, Cassie; Trostle, Lawrence C.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1999-03-01)
      The Spring 1999 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents findings from a study of the effectiveness of the Brady Act in Alaska, focusing on procedures used by Alaska law enforcement agencies to determine eligibility of applicants for handgun purchases and looking at handgun purchase applications denied by the Anchorage Police Department; a related article presents views on problems with the Brady Act's implementation. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on capital punishment in the U.S. in 1997, and the use of the death penalty in by other nations is examined.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 16, No. 2 (Summer 1999)

      Riley, John; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1999-06-01)
      The Summer 1999 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum opens with an article presenting figures on the use of firearms in the commission of violent crimes in Alaska and in the U.S. as a whole from 1980 to 1997. A recent book on the growth of mass incarceration is reviewed. Major findings from an Alaska Judicial Council report on a 15-month pilot probation program for misdemeanor domestic violence offenders in Palmer are summarized.