• Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 1 (Spring 1991)

      Schafer, N. E.; Read, Emily E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1991-03-01)
      The Spring 1991 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes provisions of the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 1974 and discusses the juvenile jail monitoring activities conducted by the Justice Center for 1987–1989 under contract to the Alaska Division of Family and Youth Services. The Bureau of Justice Statistics describes the characteristics, criminal histories, and drug use patterns of women under the jurisdiction of federal and state prison authorities in the U.S. Alaska homicide statistics for 1965–1992 in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall are presented; Alaska homicide rates have been below the national average since 1988. Rural justice was the topic of a roundtable discussion featuring Charles Ndlovu of the Community Law Center in Durban, South Africa.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 2 (Summer 1991)

      Marenin, Otwin; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Barnes, Allan R.; Criminal Justice Statistics Association (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1991-06-01)
      The Summer 1991 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents data from a study of crime in five unnamed Athabascan villages in central Alaska from 1985 through 1990; extracts from Village Public Safety Officer and Alaska State Trooper reports provide concrete details of individual incidents and a sense of context. The Offender-Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS) program of the Bureau of Justice Statistics, which tracks adult offenders from the point of entry into the criminal justice system through final disposition; OBTS data from eight U.S. states, including Alaska, indicate that for every 100 persons arrested for a felony in 1988, 81 were prosecuted, 59 were convicted, 39 were sentenced to incarceration, and 10 were committed to a state prison, usually for more than a year. Key provisions of the federal Violent Crime Control Act of 1991, awaiting final passage, are described.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 3 (Fall 1991)

      Read, Emily E.; Fay, Ginny; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1991-09-01)
      The Fall 1991 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents results from a study of child support in Alaska, which found that Alaska has made significant progress in standardizing child support orders under Court Rule 90.3, but that proportional disparities in awards exist when examined by community, type of case and type of establishment procedure. The Bureau of Justice Statistics presents estimates of crime victimization experienced in American households from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 4 (Winter 1992)

      Trostle, Lawrence C.; McShea, Darren; Perras, Russell; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Schafer, N. E.; Tubbs, Michael P.; Rieger, Lisa (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1992-01-01)
      The Winter 1992 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features findings from a study on the nonenforcement role of Village Public Safety Officers (VPSOs), figures from the Bureau of Justice Statistics on crime victimization experienced by students aged 12 to 19 in U.S. schools, an analysis of residents of a community corrections center in Anchorage, and a summary of findings from the Alaska Sentencing Commissions 1991 annual report.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring 1992)

      Trivette, Samuel H.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Trostle, Lawrence C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1992-03-01)
      The Spring 1992 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features findings from a study of 67 parole violators who appeared before the Alaska Parole Board in the summer of 1990, figures from the Bureau of Justice Statistics on prosecutors in state courts in 1990, and a further look at the the nonenforcement role of Village Public Safety Officers (VPSOs), which was also discussed in the previous (Winter 1992) issue of the Alaska Justice Forum.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 9, No. 2 (Summer 1992)

      Angell, John E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Schafer, N. E.; Green, Melissa S. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1992-06-01)
      The Summer 1992 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents Justice Center progress and results in the collection and reporting of University of Alaska crime and arrest statistics under the federal Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act (CACSA) of 1990; in 1991 University of Alaska campuses reported a total of 41 offenses and 68 arrests reportable under the act. Nearly 23 million American households, or 24 percent, were victimized by crime in 1991, according to estimates from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), an ongoing survey of victims of crime first administered in 1972. Alaska's incarcerated population grew from 770 in February 1980 to 2,474 in July 1992, peaking at 2,621 in February 1990.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 9, No. 3 (Fall 1992)

      Schafer, N. E.; Green, Melissa S.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1992-09-01)
      The Fall 1992 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents population figures for prisoners, probationers, parolees, and community corrections residents under jurisdiction of the Alaska Department of Corrections from February 1980 to September 1992. The Bureau of Justice Statistics examines characteristics of persons in local jails arrested or convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI), finding that more than half the persons in local jails charged with DWI in 1989 had prior sentences to incarceration for DWI offenses. Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) statistics from the FBI for the first six months of 1992 show a three percent increase in violent crime and three percent decrease in property crime nationwide compared with the same period for 1991.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 9, No. 4 (Winter 1993)

      Dellinger, A. B.; Schafer, N. E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Angell, John E.; Miller, Roger C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-01-01)
      The Winter 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines evidence from the discontinued Alaska Pretrial Intervention Program (PTI), as a basis for discussing new alternatives to incarceration in a time of crowded prisons and a runaway corrections budget. The Bureau of Justice Statistics describes drug enforcement and treatment methods being used in federal and state prisons in the U.S. Community policing as an alternative to traditional urban policing methods is examined.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 1 (Spring 1993)

      Dellinger, A. B.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-03-01)
      The Spring 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum compares data on criminal justice processing of Alaska rape cases in1986–1991 with similar data for the violent crimes of homicide, rape, robbery, and assault, finding that the percentage of persons arrested, prosecuted, and brought to trial on the original arrest charge is lowest for rape among the four violent crimes. Other differences between dispositions for persons arrested for rape and those arrested within the other three crime categories are also evident. Reforms in rape laws and effects of those reforms over the past two decades are reviewed. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that there were 883,593 prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction at yearend 1992, an increase of 7.2 percent over 1991 figures.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 2 (Summer 1993)

      Morrow, Phyllis; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-06-01)
      The Summer 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features an examination, based on courtroom observation, of cultural and linguistic factors that result in miscommunication between English speakers and native Yup'ik speakers in legal and justice contexts. A second article describes findings from the 1992 Annual Survey of Jails, which reported data from 1,113 jails in 795 jurisdictions.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Fall 1993)

      Carns, Teresa W.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-09-01)
      The Fall 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes several Alaska Judicial Council studies which document the increased attention to rural justice from 1987, when more than 100 villages throughout the state lacked resident justice services beyond the presence of a Village Police Officer (VPSO) or Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO), to 1993, with more than 100 tribal courts and councils providing services to residents of their communities. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that In 1991, 2.2 percent of federal and state prison inmates were reported to have the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. Findings from a 1992 assessment review of Alaska criminal history data and Alaska's compliance with the FBI/BJS voluntary reporting standards are described. Statistics from from 1988 to 1992 on murder and nonnegligent manslaughter in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall are presented.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 4 (Winter 1994)

      Morrow, Phyllis; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Carns, Teresa W. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-01-01)
      The Winter 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines some of the salient issues surrounding language, interaction, and legal interpretation in Alaska situations. Associated stories describe policies on interpretation in federal and state courts in Alaska and examples of errors in translation between Yup'ik and English in actual courtroom situations. A National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) report finds that more than 2.5 million women in the United States experience violence annually; although are significantly less likely to become victims of violent crime than men, women are more vulnerable to particular types of perpetrators, including intimates such as husbands or boyfriends. An Alaska Judicial Council seminar on alternative sanctions highlights the various reasons that Alaska judges may choose alternative punishments, ranging from an effort to rehabilitate the offender to a decision to hold the offender accountable, recompense the victim, or respond to overcrowding in the local jail.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 1 (Spring 1994)

      Carns, Teresa W.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-03-01)
      The Spring 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum summarizes a report prepared for the Alaska Judicial Council which describes existing state criminal justice computer information systems in Alaska and makes recommendations for improved connectivity and coordination between them. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the number of women in state prisons grew 75 percent from 1986 to 1991, with women comprising 5.2 percent of all prisoners (up from 4.7 percent in 1986). Figures on guns and crime nationally and in Alaska are presented based on data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting system.
    • Index to Volumes 1–10

      UAA Justice Center; Green, Melissa S. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-04-11)
      The Alaska Justice Forum began publication in May 1977 under funding from the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice. It was published by the Criminal Justice Center (now the Justice Center) of the University of Alaska Anchorage and was edited by Roger V. Endell, Peter S. Ring, and Paul L. Edscorn. Due to lack of funding it discontinued with the June 1979 issue (Volume 3, Number 6). The Justice Center and the Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit resumed publication of the Alaska Justice Forum under a different format in Spring 1987 (Volume 4, Number 1) with partial funding from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. The Alaska Justice Forum is edited by Antonia Moras. This index includes all articles published in the Alaska Justice Forum from Volume 1, Number 1 (May 1977) through Volume 10, Number 4 (Winter 1994). It was compiled by Melissa S. Green.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 2 (Summer 1994)

      Trostle, Lawrence C.; Cunningham, Patrick; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-06-01)
      The Summer 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes a pilot victim-offender mediation program in Anchorage which involves juveniles accused of certain offenses and the victims of those crimes. The number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal or state correctional authorities at the end of 1993 reached a record high of 948,881, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), with Alaska’s system increased by 7.1 per cent in 1993, less than the percentage increase for the nation as a whole. A second BJS report finds that nearly one million individuals each year become victims of violent crime while working or on duty, accounting for 15% of the over 6.5 million acts of violence experienced by Americans age 12 or older. A gift of $200,000 from Cook Inlet Region, Inc. (CIRI) to University of Alaska is intended to address justice issues and problems affecting Alaska Natives.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Fall 1994)

      Curtis, Richard; Schafer, N. E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Carns, Teresa W.; Josephson, Sarah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-09-01)
      The Fall 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum analyzes the 1,552 juvenile detention events in Alaska in 1993, which involve 1,023 youths who spent a total of 21,452 days in detention. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), one of two Justice Department measures of crime in the United States (the other being the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports) has been redesigned. Surveys recently conducted by the Joint State-Federal Courts Gender Equality Task Force present an overall picture of gender equality issues in Alaska state courts.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 4 (Winter 1995)

      Longoria, Carrie D.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Fenaughty, Andrea M.; Massey, Holly A.; Fisher, Dennis G. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-01-01)
      The Winter 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines the implementation of Anchorage Police Department’s domestic violence policy, which treats domestic violence cases as criminal offenses and reflects consistent concern for victim safety. During 1993, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 38 men were executed in the U.S.; at year’s end, 34 states and the federal prison system held 2,716 prisoners under sentence of death, 5.3 percent more than at yearend 1992. As part of an national five-year study of drug users, AIDS, and HIV, researchers at the University of Alaska Anchorage have assembled data measuring the risk perceptions of individuals in Anchorage who are at some actual risk for contracting HIV — data which may have some implications for correctional systems.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring 1995)

      Schafer, N. E.; Curtis, Richard; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-03-01)
      The Spring 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines detention data collected during Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act compliance monitoring to describe juvenile detentions in Alaska for the five years from 1989 to 1993, with particular attention given to repeat offenders, defined as individuals detained six or more times during the five-year period. The Alaska Judicial Council and Alaska Court of Appeals have further expanded the computerized case management system designed by the Alaska Judicial Council.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Summer 1995)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Miller, Roger C.; Atwell, Cassie (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-06-01)
      The Summer 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the first of two articles of a 1994 statewide public opinion survey on community and public safety problems (and proposed solutions) in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports results from a study of tort cases in state courts, finding that during a one-year period ending in 1992, state courts of general jurisdiction in the nation's 75 largest counties disposed of an estimated 378,000 tort cases involving 1.4 million plaintiffs and defendants. According to 1991–1994 offense and arrest statistics compiled by the Justice Center under the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act (CACSA) of 1990, University of Alaska Anchorage educational and research sites are relatively free from serious crimes.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 3 (Fall 1995)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-09-01)
      The Fall 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the second of two articles reporting results of a statewide public opinion survey on community and public safety problems in Alaska; responses about quality of life, community satisfaction, fear of crime, crime trends, and willingness to help with public safety activities are presented by area (Southeast Alaska, Valdez/Kenai/Mat-Su, Anchorage, Fairbanks, rural Alaska, and total statewide). A Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that, of an estimated 9,600 murder defendants in the nation's 75 most populous counties in 1988, six percent (an estimated 540 defendants) were persons charged with murdering their spouses.