• Incidence of Auroras and Their North-South Motions in the Northern Auroral Zone

      Davis, T. Neil; Kimball, Donald S. (Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska, 1960-01)
      Studies of the incidence of auroral forms and their north and south motions are made by using a close-spaced array of all-sky cameras located in the northern auroral zone at the approximate geomagnetic longitude 250°E. It is found that during the observing season 1957-58 the peak of the average auroral zone occurred at 66-67° geomagnetic latitude. Although the southern extent of auroras retreats northward after local magnetic midnight, the southward motion of the individual forms, observed at the southern edge of the auroral zone, predominates over the northward motion throughout most of the night. The data indicate the existence on any given night of a latitude position near which many auroral forms occur. The first motion of auroras incident north of this position tends to be northward, and the first motion of auroras incident south of this position tends to be southward. A curve showing the occurrence of auroral forms peaks at, and is nearly symmetrical about, local geographic midnight, but the intensity of auroral emissions measured over the celestial hemisphere remains at a high level after midnight.