• Historical references to ice conditions along the Beaufort Sea coast of Alaska

      Shapiro, Lewis H.; Metzner, Ronald C.; Toovak, Kenneth (Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 1979-09)
      The objective of this program was to extend the data base on ice hazards along the Beaufort Sea coast of Alaska backward in time by using the knowledge and understanding of ice and weather conditions of the local residents. Information for this pilot project was obtained through direct interviews with residents, or from narratives supplied by them. The results of these procedures were evaluated to provide a basis for improving similar efforts in future. Observations of particular interest obtained from these interviews and narratives include (1 ) a description of a major motion of the landfast ice off Harrison Bay in late February, (2) a description of the formation of ice push ridges and ride-up at Cape Halkett during break up, (3) reports of whales traveling inshore of Cross Island during the fall migration and of whales being taken by crews from the Prudhoe Bay area at that time of year, and 4) descriptions of conditions in the nearshore area during summer. In addition information of historical and cultural interest was obtained.
    • Zenith night sky light measurements at College, Alaska

      Wilcox, John B.; Kohls, Fred F.; Cronin, Harold (University of Alaska. Geophysical Institute., 1950-06-30)
      For purposes of studying the character of time fluxuations in arctic night sky brightness, we have erected a photoelectric monitory system at the Ballaine’s Lake Field Station (latitude N64°52', longitude W147°49'). The unit was set in operation September 27, 1949, and dismounted June 6, 1950, when it became evident that further observations would be impossible due to lengthening days. Although no apparatus has been available by which the response curves of phototubes could be calibrated absolutely, a standard by which bright ness recordings of different phototubes can be reduced to approximate absolute values has been evolved. A limited investigation of a possible correlation between fluxuations in the intensity of upper atmospheric emissions and sporadic conditions in the ionosphere has been made.