• Structural health monitoring and bridge condition assessment

      Xiao, Feng; 肖枫; Hulsey, J. Leroy; Xiang, Yujiang; Dong, Yongtao; Chen, Gang S. (2016-08)
      This research is mainly in the field of structural identification and model calibration, optimal sensor placement, and structural health monitoring application for large-scale structures. The ultimate goal of this study is to identify the structure behavior and evaluate the health condition by using structural health monitoring system. To achieve this goal, this research firstly established two fiber optic structural health monitoring systems for a two-span truss bridge and a five-span steel girder bridge. Secondly, this research examined the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) method’s application by using the portable accelerometer system for a long steel girder bridge, and identified the accelerometer number requirements for comprehensively record bridge modal frequencies and damping. Thirdly, it developed a multi-direction model updating method which can update the bridge model by using static and dynamic measurement. Finally, this research studied the optimal static strain sensor placement and established a new method for model parameter identification and damage detection.
    • Structural health monitoring of Klehini River bridge

      Xiao, Feng (2012-08)
      The objective of the research is to improve the safety of bridge structures in the state of Alaska through implementation of innovative structural health monitoring (SHM) technologies. The idea is to evaluate structural integrity and serviceability, and to provide reliable information for changing structural response, etc. of monitored bridges. Based on the finite element model's moving load analysis, modal analysis results and field inspection, this study was used to establish a bridge SHM system for a particular bridge including a preferred sensor layout, system integrator and instrumentation suitable for Alaska's remote locations with harsh weather. A variety of sensors were proposed to measure and monitor structural and environmental conditions to assist in the evaluation of the performance of the Klehini River Bridge. This system is able to provide more reliable information on the real structural health condition. It can be used to improve safe performance of this bridge. As a new safety and management tool, this SHM system will complement traditional bridge inspection methods. Implementation of an effective monitoring system will likely result in a reduction in inspection manpower, early detection of deterioration/damage, development of optimum inspection cycle and repair schedules before deterioration/damage grows to a condition where major repairs are required.