• I have a secret: choosing the persons to whom secrets are revealed

      Ahmadova, Natavan (2006-05)
      This Human Science research on secrecy is focused on the choices individuals make in choosing with whom they will share a secret. Specifically, this research probes the lived experience of women regarding their decision making about secret sharing and about choosing a person with whom to share a secret. In-depth, conversational interviews were conducted with five women. Narrative analysis was used to interpret the capta, resulting in three main themes. The findings show that characteristics such as trusting the potential secret keeper, predicting their possible reaction, and what benefits might be derived from self-disclosure are important for the participants in choosing to whom they will reveal secrets.
    • "I'm a winner": the influences of group exercise on identity construction in cancer survivors

      Schirack, Marsha A.; Arundale, Robert; Cooper, Christine; Skewes, Monica (2010-05)
      This research addresses the lived experience of individuals that have been diagnosed with cancer and who have participated in an oncology rehabilitation program as part of their treatment. Specifically, it examined the influence of the rehabilitation program in reshaping the participant's sense of identity. The study employs conversational interviewing to access the participant's understandings of the experience of the exercise program during cancer treatment, and utilizes thematic analysis in identifying three major themes emerged: 'I'm a Proactive Person', 'We're in the Same Boat', and 'There are Second Chances... You Better Make the Best of it'. Directions for future research include a study incorporating men and women, longitudinal studies, and research examining participants with a greater age range.
    • Identifying and working with non-responsive and deteriorating patients within the process of supervision: methods of practicing supervisors

      Rast, Katrina Anne; Gifford, Valerie; David, Eric John; Geist, Charles; Lardon, Cecile; Whipple, Jason (2018-05)
      Clinical supervision is widely considered to be an essential part of psychotherapy training, encouraging trainee growth, and ensuring the best possible outcome for patients. The use of routine outcome monitoring (ROM) systems in clinical practice has been shown to be beneficial in improving patient outcome within psychotherapy. In addition to its utility in clinical practice, research has suggested that the use of ROM systems and patient feedback within the supervisory process may also have a positive impact on patient outcome. Despite these potential benefits, there is no existing literature about how supervisors identify and work with patients at risk for deterioration within the supervision process. This study aimed to explore the influence on regulatory focus and the use of ROM systems within supervision. Additionally, this study sought to explore two questions: 1) How do supervisors currently identify supervisee patients who are unresponsive to treatment or deteriorating? and 2) How do supervisors currently work with unresponsive or deteriorating patients in supervision? Using a quantitative approach, results suggest that the majority of supervisors rely heavily on clinical judgment in order to identify treatment non-responders and irregularly use ROM systems in order to identify these patients. In addition, the results suggest that the majority of supervisors respond to deteriorating patients in a way that coincides with existing literature pertaining to common practices within psychotherapy. Furthermore, there appears to be a prominent lack of understanding of the purpose and use of ROM systems within supervision. Finally, results indicate that promotion scores are a predictor of the use of ROM within supervision. Implications for research and clinical practices are discussed, in addition to limitations and future directions of the study.
    • Identity crisis: how ideological and rhetorical failures cost Egyptians their revolution

      Abou Ghalioum, Ramzi; DeCaro, Peter; O'Donoghue, Brian (2019-05)
      The Egyptian uprising, which began on January 25, 2011, and ended on February 11, 2011, culminated in the ending of President Hosni Mubarak's 30-year reign as dictator. After free elections in which the Muslim Brotherhood ascended to power in the country, they were ousted in a military coup d'état only one year after their ascension to power and were replaced by former military general Abdul-Fattah el-Sisi. The symptoms which led the country to rise up against Mubarak continue to exist under el-Sisi today, indicating that no revolution really took place. This paper answers the question, "why did the revolution fail?", offering a rhetorical reason for the revolution's failure. The uprisings, which were billed as decentralized, offer unique opportunities for analysis of rhetorical strategy. This paper uses the reconstitutive-discourse model, a critical model which examines a rhetor's reconstitution of their audience's character, to examine the rhetoric of three different parties in the revolution. First, it examines the rhetoric of all protestors irrespective of source via Twitter and on the ground protestors; next it looks at the rhetoric of Wael Ghonim, who is credited with instigating the uprisings, and Mohammed ElBaradei, an influential figure who became interim vice-president in the aftermath of the uprisings. The study found that first, the uprisings were not really decentralized and indeed has leaders. Further, rhetorical failures on the part of its leaders caused the uprisings to fail in their goal of democratic revolution.
    • If I were to ask my mother

      Forshaw, Natalie C.; Brightwell, Gerri; Burleson, Derick; Heyne, Erik (2008-12)
      If I Were to Ask My Mother is a collection of personal essays that focuses on the narrator’s attempt to recreate her past through exploring childhood memories and entries of family diaries and other artifacts. In the first essay, the narrator’s childhood diaries are destroyed by her mother, an act seen by the adult narrator as an attempt by the mother to silence her daughter’s voice. The difficult mother/daughter relationship is a theme in the remaining essays as the narrator attempts to recreate the destroyed past by exploring her childhood memories. Diary entries are included in many of the essays in an attempt to compare memories with the stories found in the family diaries. Missing diary entries encourage the narrator to interpret the silences by speculating what might have been written. Sometimes, as the narrator discovers, the artifacts themselves hide the past’s truths.
    • The illusion of knowledge: the evolution of early cartographic conceptions of Alaska

      Sherman, Neva (2006-08)
      The evolution of early cartographic conceptions of Alaska is marked by rises and falls in the advancement of knowledge, due to factors including the power of cartographers to perpetuate geographic speculation, unsuccessful expeditions of exploration, bureaucratic policies of secrecy, and purposeful deceit. This thesis examines that evolution, from the first appearance of western North America on world maps in the sixteenth century, through Russian expeditions to the region, to Captain James Cook's accurate mapping of the extent of Alaska in the eighteenth century, analyzing the factors that influenced Alaska's cartographic depictions and the real-life implications of those depictions. The maps that preceded Cook's are highlighted, placing Cook's cartographic contributions in context.
    • Imaging And Imaginings Of Hawaiianness In The Contemporary Hawaiian Islands

      Meredith, Ashley; Koester, David; Managan, Jane Kathryn (2010)
      The desire for the Hawaiian Kingdom to be restored and recognized as a nation-state has been a common interest among Hawaiians since the illegal United States occupation in 1893. However, colonial induced turbulence, caused by annexation, statehood, an early 20th century ban on Hawaiian language and cultural activities, the 50 percent blood quantum rule, and tourism, have had a profound impact on perceptions of Hawaiianness and Hawaiian identity and unity. With this historical backdrop, the thesis presents an analysis of the role and impact of the visual landscape in the construction and maintenance of individual and group identity in Hawai`i. The ethnographic fieldwork for this study, in addition to general observations, involved three programmatic research activities: participant photographic observations, a pile sort, and category tests. These exercises used images that reflected various aspects of Hawaiian history, symbolism and iconography. The aim of these open-ended but controlled activities was to gain a deeper understanding of contemporary Hawaiian identity through indigenous Hawaiians' and Hawai`i residents' perceptions of Hawaiianness. Perceptions and expression of Hawaiianness and Hawaiian identity were examined on the basis of responses to visual elements of the public environment such as street signs, advertisements, activities, and landscapes on Hawai`i Island. Such visual elements in the public environment are often designed to meet visitors' and residents' desires and expectations. With the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement as an important driving force, many Hawaiians are working towards "socio-visual sustainability" and a culturally sustaining and more unified future.
    • Imagining Alaska

      Zbailey, Suzanne (2000-05)
      'I'd never felt part of something big before, ' says the character of Helen near the end of 'Imagining Alaska.' Each of the protagonists in this collection of three stories and a novella strives to become part of something they imagine is greater than themselves. For example, in 'Naked, ' Veronica's desire to be taken seriously as an artist leads her to an affair with a painter, while the lawyer in 'Sweet Country Song' projects her wish for a change in her life onto a cowboy. Meanwhile, Agnes in 'St. Agnes of the Mermaids' struggles with her religious beliefs, and Helen in the title novella tries to forge a life for herself as a young widow in Alaska. The pieces are told from either the first-person or limited third-person point-of-view, so that the reader progresses through the same act of discovery the protagonist does, until both reach a final moment of revelation
    • Imagining Ityoppia: Ethiopian diaspora and Rastafarianism

      Antohin, Esther Sellassie (2005-08)
      On a very general level, this thesis explores why Ethiopians and Rastafarians - who share Ityoppi, as a general point of reference - have historically been at odds. More specifically, however, I am interested in whether the rather recent emergence of Ethiopian communities in the United States - which share experiences of diaspora and processes of "imagining from afar" with Rastafarians - has resulted in a change of Ethiopian Americans' attitude toward adherents to Rastafarianism. The main aim of this study is to give an accurate account of the Ethiopian perspective of Rastafari, which has not been articulated till the present time. To this end I first give a broad description of their arrival in the United States, and their particular diasporic experiences, which encompasses only thirty years. Finally, I explore the prevailing attitudes and perceptions of Ethiopians in the United States with respect to the Rastafarian movement. This study utilizes primary source such as interviews and surveys conducted with first and second generation Ethiopians. It employs data collected via virtual communities along with other resources on the Internet and printed publications.
    • The impact of teacher achievement emotions on the co-production of education services

      Kelly, Kimberly A.; Lardon, Cécile; Arthur, Melanie; Porter, David; Burleson, Derick (2013-08)
      Educational policy in the United States has evolved into a more intense system of accountability, resulting in an intensification of achievement emotions experienced by teachers. Two theoretical paradigms were used to analyze whether such emotions impact teacher effectiveness in the classroom: the control-value theory of achievement emotions and the theory of co-production. Path analysis was used to test the hypothesized model of teacher effectiveness. Two of the four hypothesized factors contributing to teacher achievement emotions, perceived level of control over instruction and perceived levels of student achievement, were found to be significant. The remaining two variables, attribution of responsibility for student achievement and the correlation between teachers' values and educational reforms, were non-significant. The post-hoc model removed these two non-significant factors and added additional paths from the variable teachers' perceived control to teacher's coping response and teacher effectiveness. The post-hoc model fit the data well as demonstrated by significant path.and goodness of fit scores. The path model was transferable across the study's demographic subgroups with the exception of experience level. Modifications were made to the post-hoc model for this subgroup by addressing paths to the coping response variable, and such changes resulted in a significant fit to the data for this subgroup. The results of this study underscore the need for teachers to feel in control of their teaching in order to implement effective teaching strategies. Therefore, educational policies that diminish or remove such control may impact teacher effectiveness Under No Child Left Behind legislation, schools labeled as failing progressively remove more and more control from the teacher. The findings of this study indicate that such practices may be counterproductive and instead may be contributing to the problem of undesired student achievement levels. Enhancing teachers' feelings of self-efficacy in the classroom is recommended for enhancing student achievement, as is looking at the issue through the lens of co-production. Co-production of education services posits that education is co-produced by the teacher and the student. Effective reforms in education, therefore, must address both sides of the teacher-student nexus.
    • In memory of days and nights

      Barney, Patrick (2011-04)
      In Memory of Days and Nights is a collection of meditative and lyric essays that are interconnected by their attention to relationships of dominance and subordination mediated by economic systems and language, personal complicity in such relationships, possible forms of revolt, and attempts to make meaning within these systems. The essays in this collection deal with these issues in several forms. The shorter form essays, utilizing a lyric voice concerned with imagery and rhythm as opposed to narrative, range from half a page to five pages long. These either examine personal experience in an effort to reflect upon death and meaninglessness or depict myth and historical occurrence to meditate upon the human desire for order. The longer essays in this collection range from traditional narrative-driven pieces, to collage and mosaic pieces--unfolding in the accumulated depictions of instances of time--to universal meditations burgeoning from individual experience. These navigate the intersections between the microcosm of the author's life and the macrocosm of human life, often by applying the thought-systems of various philosophers and writers to personal experience.
    • In quest of authentic Yup'ik art: concepts of tradition

      Simon, Katrin A. (2007-08)
      My interest is in the various perceptions - including my own - that people have of the concepts 'traditional' and 'authentic' as it applies to contemporary Alaska Native art and artists. With my research, I aim to examine Yup'ik art from different perspectives and to investigate the different cultural standards and definitions that exist about what constitutes 'authentic' Yup'ik art and artists. Consumers, collectors, the government, and Yup'ik artists from diverse cultural backgrounds all have different concepts of what authentic, traditional Yup'ik art constitutes. I believe it is important to investigate Native art, as much as possible, without reservations and prejudgements as to their concepts of art and to listen closely to the artists' voice, especially when it contradicts our own perceptions.
    • In whatever wreckage remains

      Kirk, Maeve; Brightwell, Geraldine; Coffman, Christine; Farmer, Daryl (2016-05)
      In Whatever Wreckage Remains is a collection of realistically styled short stories that examines both the danger and potential of change. These pieces are driven by the psychology of the men and woman roaming these pages, seeking to provide insight into the unique weight of their personal wreckage. From a woman craving motherhood who combs through forests searching for the unclaimed body of a runaway to a spitfire retiree’s struggle to accept her husband’s failing health, the individuals in these narratives are all navigating transitional spaces in their lives, often unwillingly. Along the way, they must balance the pressures of familial roles, romantic relationships, and personal histories while attempting to reshape their understanding of self. These stories explore the shifting landscape of identity, belonging, and the sometimes conflicting responsibilities we hold to others and to ourselves.
    • Inconstant Endeavors: The Elusiveness Of The Anti-Heroine

      Williamson, Lianne; Bird, Roy K.; Burleson, Derick; Coffman, Christine; Weiss, David; Vettel-Becker, Patricia (2009)
      The anti-heroine is a difficult woman to define. The intent of this project was to find the markers and signifiers for the character of the anti-heroine. Only recently, with modernism and then post-modernism, has the equation of beauty = woman started to change. What has occurred is the opposite, the grotesque. How are female artists using the grotesque to open up the possibilities for how women are allowed to act? Although women are now being allowed, in film, to DO what men do, i.e. kill people, they are still coming across in stereotypically female ways. The women are still beautiful, they use violence, they have to be more manly than men. How has second and third wave feminist theory opened up the realm of writing about the bitch? In the past decade literally thousands of books have been written with "bitch" in the title. Is the "bitch" the same thing as the anti-heroine? In the creative part of the dissertation, I have attempted to write a multi-faceted anti-heroine who isn't necessarily a bitch, doesn't participate in violence, has a sense of humor, and is writing about both female and feminist subjects. The critical essay looks at literary influences on my writing and my own definition of the anti-heroine. My research has shown that the anti-heroine is an extremely elusive character and is quite different from the male anti-hero. What we can say is that she defies stereotyping, is a complex creation, may or may not be beautiful, and acts rather than reacts.
    • Indigenous archaeological approaches to artifact and household analysis at precolonial Yup'ik village Temyiq Tuyuryaq (Old Togiak)

      Skinner, Dougless I.; Potter, Ben; Yamin-Pasternak, Sveta; Reuther, Josh; Barnett, Kristen (2019-08)
      Upper Bristol Bay is home to a multitude of precolonial-and colonial-era villages dotting the coast, islands, and rivers. The bay's dynamic history remains relatively unexplored in archaeological literature. Current data situate people in the region for nearly 6000 years, living in complex, semi-permanent villages, subsisting on large land and sea mammals, fish and mollusks. One such village is Temyiq Tuyuryaq or Old Togiak (GDN-00203). The village is a mounded accumulation of household cycles, sand and organic materials atop an accreting sand spit in the Togiak Bay. Ancestral to Nutaraq Tuyuryaq [New Togiak], the village directly links precolonial and modern Yup'ik traditions in the Upper Bristol Bay. Yup'ik traditions are a combination of transformation, continuity and resilience. Yupiit worldview seeks balance and co-existence with many life forms including the spiritual, natural and human. The aim of this research is to intersect traditional Yup'ik values, knowledges and histories with archeological theory and methodology to explore the material culture and households of Temyiq Tuyuryaq. Research objectives include evaluating a sample of the culturally modified materials, assessing the built environment and exploring the Little Ice Age as causation for increasing village complexities. Research results indicate that there is a direct continuity of knowledge spanning at least 600 years in the bay. Artifact production and function remain primarily continuous with intensifications of some materials circa 500 cal BP. Household analysis reveals the importance of the ena [family house] for processing foods and cooking activities. Additionally, the research indicates that the Little Ice Age may not have had an extensive impact on tool and household function. Rather, the results suggest that the Yup'ik Bow-and-Arrow War had more extensive impacts on the villages about 600 cal BP. This thesis explores the complex relationship of Indigenous knowledge and archaeological data, as well as discussing the dynamic and continuous relationships that modern Yup'ik people of Bristol Bay have to their histories.
    • Indigenous Emotional Economies In Alaska: Surviving Youth In The Village

      Rasmus, Stacy Michelle; Morrow, Phyllis (2008)
      According to the Status of Alaska Natives Report 2004 produced by the Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, Native youth in rural Alaska experience significant mental health disparity. Suicide rates for Alaska Native youth are the highest in the nation, and substance abuse, social misconduct and teenage pregnancy rates are also much higher among the rural, indigenous population in Alaska. These disparate rates have caused many to ask; what is going on with the youth in the villages today? This dissertation reports on research conducted to help answer that question, and identify local intervention strategies for youth growing up today in the villages. The research for this dissertation was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (1R34MH073601-01), and supported by the University of Alaska Fairbanks at the Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Institute of Arctic Biology. The study used a community-based participatory research approach and ethnographic methods to explore the affective lives of youth in Athabascan villages in Alaska. This dissertation is a contemporary ethnography of life in "the vill" from a youth perspective. Findings from the research demonstrate a model of Athabascan mental health based on the concept of an indigenous emotional economy. Athabascan survival has always required both technical skills to provide for the material necessities of life and emotional skills to support social life. In that sense the economy has also always been an emotional economy. As the balance between the need for technical and emotional survival skills shifted, the lives of young people have become increasingly focused on their relationships in the village. The contemporary social problems that youth experience growing up in the village reflect the changed and changing nature of their emotional decision-making in the context of the relationships that contribute most directly to their social status and survival. In an emotional economy individuals must adapt strategies for surviving feelings. This study provides information that could be used to create or tailor intervention strategies in the rural villages to the local models of emotion, behavior and mental health.
    • An indigenous teacher preparation framework

      Tom, Lexie J.; John, Theresa; Barnhardt, Ray; Amarok, Barbara; Marker, Michael (2018-05)
      The result of this research is a framework to support Indigenous Teacher Preparation within the Native Studies department at Northwest Indian College (NWIC). I attempted to answer three main questions in the duration of this dissertation research. The first question is, how do we recreate an Indigenous method for teaching and learning in a modern educational institution? The second question is, what does a Native Studies faculty member need to be prepared to teach classes? The third question is, how do we measure learning? Participants for this research included elders from the Lummi community, Native Studies faculty members at NWIC, and administrators. As an Indigenous researcher, I have defined my own Indigenous epistemology and this guided my research. I have chosen a qualitative research design to assist me in answering these research questions. The data were analyzed and coded into main themes. This analysis produced teacher competencies and methods of measurement that will be used within the Indigenous teacher preparation framework. This framework is important to the future of the Native Studies Leadership program and NWIC.
    • Indigenous Television In The Canadian North: Evolution, Operation, And Impact On Cultural Preservation.

      Neuheimer, William Joel (1994)
      Indigenous television broadcasting in the Canadian North has evolved as a successful response to help mitigate the cultural domination imposed over the aboriginal people in the Canadian North via television which originates in the Canadian South and other dominant television producers such as the United States. I have concluded, based on my research and the results from a survey of indigenous people in the Canadian North, that the evolution of indigenous television in the Canadian North has enabled the indigenous people of the Canadian North to achieve greater cultural stability within the increased political empowerment and self-determination that their television programming has been able to afford them. A brief discussion of the evolution of indigenous television in Australia compares the evolution of a similar system in another context and emphasizes the success of the Canadian experience. <p>
    • Indigenous-crown relations in Canada and the Yukon: the Peel Watershed case, 2017

      Baranik, Lauren Alexandra; Ehrlander, Mary F.; McCartney, Leslie; Castillo, Victoria; Hirsch, Alexander (2019-08)
      The history of Indigenous-Crown relations in Canada has varied regionally and temporally. With the Constitution Act of 1982, however, Canada entered a new era. Section 35 of the Constitution recognized Indigenous treaty and land rights, and the Supreme Court of Canada has consistently interpreted this section liberally in favor of Canada's Indigenous Peoples. The Court has upheld the honour of the Crown in emphasizing the national and subnational governments' duty to consult diligently when engaging in development on the traditional territories of First Nations, Metis, and Inuit. The "citizens-plus" model of asserting and protecting Indigenous rights, first coined in the Hawthorn Report of 1966, has proved effective in these court cases, most recently in the Yukon's Peel Watershed case from 2014 to 2017. Yet, engaging with the state to pursue and to invoke treaty rights has forced socioeconomic and political changes among Yukon First Nations that some scholars have argued are harmful to the spiritual and physical wellbeing of Indigenous communities, mainly through alienation from their homelands. The Peel Watershed case demonstrates the unique historical development of Yukon First Nations rights and the costs and benefits of treaty negotiations and asserting Indigenous rights.
    • Inland Tlingit of Teslin, Yukon: G̲aanax̲.Ádi and Kook̲hittaan clan origin stories for the immediate and clan family of Emma Joanne Shorty (nee Sidney)

      Shorty, Norma; Barnhardt, Ray; Taff, Alice; Leonard, Beth; Kaplan, Lawrence (2015-08)
      The purpose of my research is to learn the story of Mother's clan, and to document the processes of gathering knowledge about the clan connections between the G̲aanax̲.ádi and Kook̲hittaan from Teslin, Yukon, Canada. The objective of this thesis is to document the stories and the story-gathering processes of published and private holdings on my Mother's clan stories. The study includes published literature from indigenous and non-indigenous historians and oral history reviews, especially on those who have knowledge about the Kook̲hittaan and G̲aanax̲.ádi clans and have connections to the Inland Tlingit from Teslin, Yukon. This indigenous-led research focuses on my mother and her clan stories. I am an insider and an outsider to my culture. From an insider perspective I am privileged to hear, to learn, and to retell Mother's maternal clan stories. As a result of this research, Tlingit ways of documenting history are discovered and Tlingit research (literacy) frameworks are revealed. I learned that the Kook̲hittaan and G̲aanax̲.ádi clans are one. Our oral history is validated by face paint designs, petroglyphs and clan shirt designs. In their published work some non-indigenous ethnographers made changes to words and designs which distorted the indigenous record. This dissertation compares all possible information sources showing the heavier weight of evidence is provided by available indigenous sources. Colonization has greatly impacted the perpetuation of indigenous knowledge systems by referring to indigenous knowledge as "traditional" because the term tradition conjures up images of living in the past.