• Qik'rtam Litnauwistai (island's teachers)

      Deal, Kitty L.; Leonard, Beth; Renes, Susan; Drabek, Alisha; Montague, Caitlin (2019-05)
      Qik'rtam Litnauwistai (Island's Teachers) was a multi-tiered, community-based, participatory action research project initiated as a direct response to both community and institutional recommendations to "grow our own" Alutiiq educators. The study (a) examined current departmental practices in teacher education at Kodiak College, (b) sought community feedback through interviews regarding recruiting and retaining Alaska Native pre-service teachers on Kodiak Island, and (c) analyzed successful eLearning course completion data, based on synchronicity. The examination and focus of improvement was on the educational system and program delivery model to meet the needs of all teacher candidates, especially our future Alutiiq educators. Interview participants overwhelmingly felt it was important to "grow our own" Kodiak teachers who could (a) provide a role model, (b) have teachers who possessed and could share a high level of cultural understanding, (c) who could understand the local environment in which they worked, and (d) provide a way to strengthen the community in which they live. Based on a review of literature, interviews, and data from UAA, recommendations or considerations for changes are suggested for (a) the Kodiak College Education faculty, (b) Kodiak College, (c) the University of Alaska Anchorage, and (d) Kodiak Island Borough School District.
    • A qualitative analysis of the relationship between religion and women's self development

      Rodarte, Bertha Elia; Hazel, Kelly; Adams, Angela; Basham, Charlotte (2000-12)
      This study explored women's spiritual experiences and the effects of patriarchal religions on women's lives. To understand how patriarchal beliefs affect women, a sample of twenty-one women answered open-ended questions about their self-perceptions, images of God, discrepancies between religious education and beliefs in feminist ideology, and views of other women. The participants' experiences describe their spiritual self as Explorers, Adherents, or Liberated women. The research revealed that seventy-one percent of the women categorized as Explorers had a discrepancy between their religious and feminist belief systems. To cope they used emotion focused/avoidance, problem-oriented/avoidance and problem-oriented/active coping strategies. Both the Adherent and Liberated women avoided discrepancies between belief systems. Furthermore, the Adherent and Explorers' religious role models were their mothers suggesting their religious beliefs were generational. Conversely, Liberated women found spiritual guidance in female ministers and other women in their lives. These women transcended generational patriarchal religious beliefs.
    • A qualitative approach to understanding the everyday difference between acquaintanceship and friendship: how western organizational members discriminate these concepts through communicative interaction

      Hines, Bobby A. (2006-05)
      Stewart & Bennett posited the term 'friend, ' used by members of U.S. American culture, 'may refer to anyone from a passing acquaintance to a lifetime intimate' (p. 100-101). Although American use of the term illustrates broad applicability as acceptable, Americans describe the label as having different meanings depending on those to whom they apply it. This qualitative research study utilizes narrative inquiry to gain a better understanding of the everyday lived experience of U.S. American organizational members' friendships and acquaintanceships within the organizational setting and how they perceive the way they discern between friends and acquaintances inside an organization in comparison to those interpersonal relationships in their everyday social world. Through thematic analysis of capta from the conversational interviews of seven co-researchers, two themes arose: American organizational members have difficulty identifying 'friend, ' and differentiate 'friend' from 'organizational friend' by whether the relationship is primarily based in an infra or supra-contextual setting.
    • A qualitative study of the women and children's residential treatment center substance abuse treatment program

      Gilbert, Phillip Elwyn (2000-12)
      This thesis presents the results of a formative process evaluation of the Fairbanks Native Association Women and Children's Residential Treatment Center abuse program using interviews, participant observation, and grounded theory methods of qualitative research. Eight clients and eight staff were interviewed across the domains of culture, spirituality and family. A theory of program operation emanated from and was grounded in the data: program functioning was significantly affected by the relationship perceived by the clients to exist between themselves, (their needs, values, desires, goals and world view) and the program's goals and priorities.
    • Quality of life for Alaskan individuals with FASD and their families

      Dow, Brenda S.; Ehrlander, Mary; Boylan, Brandon; Anahita, Sine; Rivkin, Inna (2019-05)
      Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a lifelong disability caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. The effects of FASD include a range of physical, mental, behavioral, and learning disabilities. These disabilities impact quality of life, not only for the affected individual, but for family members. The effects from FASD ripple into schools, the correctional system, and throughout rural and urban communities. Although there are no reliable statistics available on FASD in Alaska, many professionals in the field believe Alaska to have the highest rate of FASD in the United States. This research has explored the ways in which prenatal exposure to alcohol affects quality of life for Alaskan individuals and their families. For this study, I have defined quality of life as the multi-faceted evaluation of the individual's personal experiences and life satisfaction, including health, psychological and social indicators. Since the identification of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and FASD, many studies have analyzed the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, as well as possible interventions. Few studies have investigated how prenatal alcohol exposure affects the individual's quality of life and even fewer studies have analyzed how raising one or more children with FASD affects the family. To address the gap in the literature, this research applied social constructivist theory and employed a qualitative design, using semi-structured interviews to explore individuals' and parents' life stories and perceptions on how FASD has affected their lives. I interviewed eight individuals with FASD and 14 adoptive or long-term foster parents. Findings indicate that FASD impacts almost every facet of the lives of both the individuals affected and their families. All individuals with FASD interviewed for this project suffered serious adverse childhood experiences in addition to their prenatal exposure to alcohol. All encountered academic and social difficulties at school. Individuals struggled in their transitions to adulthood, with some individuals needing assistance from parents or social services throughout their lifespan. Parents expressed their ongoing need for structure within the home and the continual need to advocate for suitable services for their children. They described how the ongoing stress of raising their child(ren) with FASD affected their social lives, employment and even their marriages. The perspectives and insight of these individuals with FASD and their parents can provide other family members, service providers and legislators a better understanding of how FASD affects quality of life and assist decision makers in making informed choices on how to best provide expanded or improved supportive services to these individuals and families whose everyday struggles go largely unrecognized by the general public.
    • Questing for friendship: a conversation analysis of Dungeons and Dragons

      Greenstreet, Brandon J. (2012-05)
      This study addresses the doing, of friendship, the dynamic, continuous, unpredictable and emergent process of relating, as described by the Dialectics of Friendship. Examining, segments of the talk among a small group of male friends playing, the role-playing game Dungeons and Dragons using the approach of conversation analysis, this study sought to determine the ways in which these friendship dialectics are evident in their utterance by utterance micro-level talk-in-interaction. The resources and practices they employ in interactionally achieving a number of different conversational actions as their talk unfolds were revealed and can be understood or interpreted as enactments of one or more of the contradictory poles of six dialectics, demonstrating empirically dialectical contradictions, the tensions between their polarities, and their interdependence and interaction with other dialectics arises emergently out of talk-in-interaction, and is taken up and negotiated by participants.
    • Quliriuralta (Lets keep telling stories): pace model with traditional Yup'ik storytelling in a second grade dual language classroom

      Wassilie, Irene M.; Siekmann, Sabine; Martelle, Wendy; Patterson, Leslie; Samson, Sally (2019-12)
      This research was conducted in a setting where the students are losing their Indigenous language. It is centered around the retention and revitalization of the Yugtun language. The goal of the research was to gain insights into how second graders in a dual language enrichment school constructed meaning and focus on form in their classroom. The instructional model employed as part of this investigation is the PACE Model, which is a story-based approach to teaching grammar through focus on form with an emphasis on meaning making. The model is consistent with Indigenous oral storytelling, cultural values, traditions and expectations. The study involves myself and fourteen second graders in Napaskiak, Alaska. ZJW Memorial School is one of 28 schools in the Lower Kuskokwim School District. Of these fourteen students, only one spoke Yugtun as his first language. The others were immersed into Yugtun as a second language. I implemented the PACE approach over the course of 25 days. Data was gathered through field notes, student artifacts, video and audio recordings. The data reveals that meaning making and building background knowledge can be a challenge for both teacher and students. It also reveals that the teacher should be implementing multimodal approaches to build comprehensible input so that students may produce output in the target language.
    • A rain of dust

      Gaskin, Jefferson Arthur (2005-05)
      A Rain of Dust is a metaphor of confrontation, a facing of the enormous mystery of what it means to be born, to live, to die. Rather than attempt to find meaning, this collection celebrates the centrality of created meaning; Love and Hate, Good and Evil, Connection and Alienation, Life and Death are all presented as subjective spokes on a wheel with Art at its hub. As such, these poems are no more and no less than an expression of what it is to be Jefferson Arthur Gaskin, 32, struggling poet, lover of spooky women, kung-fu films, and robots, making his way from the swamps of Houston, Texas, to the frozen fields of Fairbanks, Alaska, and grasping at memories, fantasies, visions and dreams all along the way.
    • Rainsong in sawdust

      Wharton, Matthew Eric (2004-05)
      The fabric of this novel arises from the burnt pages of Gogol's Dead Souls. It explores the metaphor of water, in all its forms, as life. Joe Hennessy is a high school dropout working construction in Lake Tahoe. Catholic shame spins his mind into Mandelbrot sets of unrealizable responsibilities toward his family. A crisis occurs when his sister forces him to start over in a new place. We hear the hush of snow, the smoothness of water and the approach of the saw blade.
    • Rare books as historical objects: a case study of the Elmer E. Rasmuson Library rare books collection

      Korotkova, Ulyana Aleksandrovna; Короткова, Ульяна Александровна; Ehrlander, Mary F.; Arndt, Katherine L.; Cole, Terrence M. (2016-05)
      Once upon a time all the books in the Arctic were rare books, incomparable treasures to the men and women who carried them around the world. Few of these tangible remnants of the past have managed to survive the ravages of time, preserved in libraries and special collections. This thesis analyzes the over 22,000-item rare book collection of the Elmer E. Rasmuson Library at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the largest collection of rare books in the State of Alaska and one of the largest polar regions collections in the world. Content, chronology, authorship, design, and relevance to northern and polar history were a few of the criteria used to evaluate the collection. Twenty items of particular value to the study of Alaskan history were selected and studied in depth. The collection not only reflects the social, political and economic development of Alaska, but also the interests, personalities and expertise of collectors and authors, including works owned or written by key individuals in Alaska history, such as Hieromonk Gideon, Ivan Veniaminov, Ivan Pan’kov, Iakov Netsvietov, Kiril Khlebnikov, Hubert Howe Bancroft, George Davidson, Hudson Stuck, Sheldon Jackson, James Wickersham, Charles Bunnell, Alfred H. Brooks and others. Accident and happenstance also played a role in filling the shelves. There are more mysteries than answers—why some of these particular works resisted hundreds of years of neglect, cold, flood, and fire can never be known. While some books have no marks, no identifiable owners or traceable past, the provenance of others makes them unique. Sometimes the story behind the story is the story.
    • Reading Comprehension Strategies In Children With High-Functioning Autism: A Social Constructivist Perspective

      Cotter, June Ann; Richey, Jean (2011)
      Individuals with autism see the world, by definition of the diagnosis, in a very different way than the typical student. Communication, both verbal and non-verbal, is a defining characteristic of this disability. Students with autism both can and need to learn to comprehend when reading to be successful in school and in life. This study evaluated the reading comprehension abilities of three students with autism and using a strength-based approach targeting comprehension strategies. These strategies also appear to have increased the students' communication skills. All participants were medically or educationally diagnosed with autism. All had an educationally-defined label of autism and had been identified as having difficulty with reading comprehension. The study is presented as a case study with limited participants. The author investigated the reading comprehension abilities of each student and through direct instruction provided support for the skills the student already possessed. Additional skills were then introduced thereby increasing the students' abilities to comprehend. An additional effect of increasing student personal communication skills was also noted.
    • Reading the text right: Robert Browning and iconoclasm

      Baker, Kasey D.; Dupras, Joseph A. (2003-05)
      This thesis explores Robert Browning's revolutionary, iconoclastic poetry. Browning utilizes revisionist methodology to approach individualistic truth. Using the idols Francis Bacon outlines in 'Novum Organum' as a means by which to assess Browning's iconoclasm, the paper is organized according to the 'Idols of the Theatre, ' philosophical iconoclasm; 'Idols of the Cave, ' cultural iconoclasm; 'Idols of the Market-Place, ' linguistic iconoclasm; and 'Idols of the Tribe, ' perceptual iconoclasm. It includes analysis of Browning's philosophical iconoclasm in Paracelsus and 'Fra Lippo Lippi;' his cultural iconoclasm in 'Statue and the Bust, ' 'Bishop Blougram's Apology, ' and 'Saul'; his linguistic iconoclasm in 'An Epistle ... of Karshish, the Arab Physician' and 'A Death in the Desert'; and his perceptual iconoclasm in 'Caliban upon Setebos.' Browning, while not overtly political, was revolutionary-minded in the way he viewed his art and the world. Breaking apart the idols of his readers, Browning incites the individual to revolution.
    • A reason for being: a memoir

      Hoppough, Jennifer A.; Farmer, Daryl L.; Coffmann, Chris; Harney, Eileen (2017-05)
    • Reasons you trust a giant

      Bauer, Aaron (2012-05)
      The following poems investigate giants--literary giants, historical giants, pop-culture icons--and concepts surrounding them. The nature of pseudepigraphic writing, in which writers attempt to tell stories related to but not already told by biblical or historical texts, has influenced the construction of this work, which also attempts to expand upon unrepresented perspectives and give ancient stories relevance to modern readers by combining several myths into one or placing ancient characters out of context. Many of the names and situations concerning giants are derived from the pseudepigraphical. The Book of Giants, which elaborates an obscure biblical passage in Genesis, which introduces a race of giants, the Nephilim, who are the offspring of angels and human women.
    • Reconstruction Of Neets'Aii Gwich'In Land Use: A Methodological Study.

      Peirce, John Carl, Jr. (1995)
      This thesis attempts to determine to what extent land use patterns for the Neets'aii Gwich'in of Alaska can be spatially reconstructed from existing sources. Written narratives are reviewed, such as those related by explorers, missionaries, traders and prospectors, for information on land use. Also reviewed are data that give a broad array of subsistence, demographic, geographical or other relevant information concerning land use, including biological and geological reports, economic studies, census reports, Neets'aii Gwich'in oral narratives, archaeological studies, ethnographic studies, place name studies and maps, and land use and occupancy studies. Methodological models for gathering land use data are reviewed to establish a foundation from which the land use data discussed in this thesis can be compared. Finally, an analysis of the extent to which Neets'aii Gwich'in land use can be reconstructed using historic sources is applied to various conceptual levels of understanding Northern hunter and gatherer land use. <p>
    • A reconstruction of steppe bison mobility in the Yukon-Tanana uplands and implications for prehistoric human behavior

      Glassburn, Crystal L.; Clark, Jamie L.; Potter, Ben A.; Reuther, Joshua D.; Wooller, Matthew J. (2015-08)
      This study seeks to characterize steppe bison (Bison priscus) behavioral ecology in interior Alaska during the Pleistocene for the purpose of understanding how bison may have moved about the landscape on a seasonal basis and how this behavior could have influenced prehistoric human settlement and subsistence patterns. Steppe bison were present in Alaska and other circumpolar regions during the Pleistocene but became extinct during the late Holocene. Archaeological evidence from the Tanana River Basin in interior Alaska indicates that bison were an important component of human subsistence economies for at least 10,000 years, but aspects of steppe bison behavioral ecology including location of habitat area, seasonal movement patterns, and responses to environmental change remain largely unexplored in Alaskan archaeology or paleoecology. This study applies strontium, oxygen, and carbon isotopic analyses to 14 sequentially-sampled and AMS radiocarbon dated steppe bison teeth from two locales in the Yukon-Tanana Uplands in order to reconstruct steppe bison behavior on a seasonal basis. This study is the first of its kind for any prehistoric species in Alaska, and the results indicate that steppe bison did not migrate great distances, but instead, moved between different ecotones seasonally, spending summers in higher elevation regions and winters in lower elevation regions. The results also indicate that steppe bison had greater mobility during periods of warmer climate, including Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3) and during the Late Pleistocene. Bison would have represented a large-bodied and predictable source of food for prehistoric peoples, and these results suggest that human landuse patterns likely incorporated the use of upland regions during the summer and fall, and lowland regions during the winter and early spring. Additionally, the results suggest that bison movement on the landscape would have been more predictable during the Late Pleistocene than during the Holocene. As such, settlement and subsistence patterns may have shifted from a more residentially-organized pattern during the Late Pleistocene to greater logistical mobility during the Holocene as bison population became more mobile.
    • Recreation

      Alfaro, Alex; Johnson, Sara Eliza; Reilly, Terence; Brightwell, Gerri (2018-05)
      This collection was the result of a "happy accident" which occured while watching late night tv and writing poetry. It felt odd at the time to be doing something so mundane and contemporary while also creating something as ancient and steeped in culture and tradition. My life has always seemed varied, almost random, and that's the basic premise of this collection. From such randomness do these poems find purpose: from absurdity comes destiny, from insignificance comes enlightenment and everything in between is a just a privilege--but art, that's where this collection can live.
    • Reflections from a hard country

      Jones, Loretto Lee (2007-05)
      This collection of stories is memoir, compiled from my experiences working in Alaska's commercial fishing industry during the 1970s and 1980s. Alaska fishermen have always been considered to have one of the most dangerous occupations, but it was in this era, before rationalization and privatization, that incredible risks were taken. Much has changed the way Alaskans fish now, but these sea stories really happened. Now, almost forty years later, these seven stories have come to print. Each serves as a reminder of that time when being Alaskan meant freedom and taking chances, creating extraordinary men and women who faced uncertainty on a daily basis. The characters were and are real people. I choose not use the last names of my friends in order to respect the identities of the families.
    • Regional variation in mandibular morphology in the prehistoric Japanese populations of the Jōmon and Okhotsk

      Arenas, Rogelio A. (2012-08)
      Examination of 11 metric mandibular traits was conducted on data collected from several Jōmon and Okhotsk sites for the purpose of analyzing potential impacts of dietary differences on mandibular morphology for these groups. Based on the dietary history of the populations and their respective regions, Middle Jōmon (5,000 - 3,000 BP) sites would share comparable robusticities across all regions based on social and economic continuity as a stable climate resulted in abundant dietary resources which fostered a growth in population in the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido. As the climate cooled in the Late/Final Jōmon (4,000 - 2,000 BP), the population of the two islands crashed coinciding with reduced carrying capacity of the environment due to a reduction in available food resources. Late/Final Jōmon were expected to show mandibular reduction in the Honshu interior which had engaged in plant cultivation and emergent agriculture as opposed to populations on the Hokkaido and Honshu coast which engaged in marine subsistence. The success of agriculture resulted in an expansion across Honshu, pushing marine subsistence communities northeastward to Hokkaido where the tradition persisted as the Epi-Jōmon until the arrival of immigrant populations of the Okhotsk (1,000-600 BP). The Epi-Jōmon and Okhotsk would share comparable robuticities based on their shared practice of marine subsistence. The Late/Final Jōmon and Epi-Jōmon/Okhotsk hypothesis were not supported citing the presence of more diversified and complex subsistence practices than was initially anticipated.
    • Regulating Hunting: Subsistence And Governmentality In The Central Kuskowkim Region, Alaska

      Vanek, Susan B.; Koester, David (2010)
      This paper explores the expansion of the state into formerly ungoverned aspects of life through an examination of one particular episode of intervention, that of moose hunting regulation in the Central Kuskokwim region of Alaska. As in most struggles over wild resources in the state, subsistence is a central organizing template. Local hunters residing in the villages of Aniak and Crooked Creek, interviewed for this work, identify themselves under the label of subsistence in opposition to others, often called "sport hunters". The felt presence of the state in this and other rural areas of Alaska has increased throughout the 20th century and the prevalence of the word subsistence in these disputes is tied to its status as a legal term, dictating how individuals must identify their practices and thus themselves, at the expense of other identifications. The persistence of subsistence indicates governmentality in discourse but not in meaning.