• A rain of dust

      Gaskin, Jefferson Arthur (2005-05)
      A Rain of Dust is a metaphor of confrontation, a facing of the enormous mystery of what it means to be born, to live, to die. Rather than attempt to find meaning, this collection celebrates the centrality of created meaning; Love and Hate, Good and Evil, Connection and Alienation, Life and Death are all presented as subjective spokes on a wheel with Art at its hub. As such, these poems are no more and no less than an expression of what it is to be Jefferson Arthur Gaskin, 32, struggling poet, lover of spooky women, kung-fu films, and robots, making his way from the swamps of Houston, Texas, to the frozen fields of Fairbanks, Alaska, and grasping at memories, fantasies, visions and dreams all along the way.
    • Rainsong in sawdust

      Wharton, Matthew Eric (2004-05)
      The fabric of this novel arises from the burnt pages of Gogol's Dead Souls. It explores the metaphor of water, in all its forms, as life. Joe Hennessy is a high school dropout working construction in Lake Tahoe. Catholic shame spins his mind into Mandelbrot sets of unrealizable responsibilities toward his family. A crisis occurs when his sister forces him to start over in a new place. We hear the hush of snow, the smoothness of water and the approach of the saw blade.
    • Rare books as historical objects: a case study of the Elmer E. Rasmuson Library rare books collection

      Korotkova, Ulyana Aleksandrovna; Короткова, Ульяна Александровна; Ehrlander, Mary F.; Arndt, Katherine L.; Cole, Terrence M. (2016-05)
      Once upon a time all the books in the Arctic were rare books, incomparable treasures to the men and women who carried them around the world. Few of these tangible remnants of the past have managed to survive the ravages of time, preserved in libraries and special collections. This thesis analyzes the over 22,000-item rare book collection of the Elmer E. Rasmuson Library at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the largest collection of rare books in the State of Alaska and one of the largest polar regions collections in the world. Content, chronology, authorship, design, and relevance to northern and polar history were a few of the criteria used to evaluate the collection. Twenty items of particular value to the study of Alaskan history were selected and studied in depth. The collection not only reflects the social, political and economic development of Alaska, but also the interests, personalities and expertise of collectors and authors, including works owned or written by key individuals in Alaska history, such as Hieromonk Gideon, Ivan Veniaminov, Ivan Pan’kov, Iakov Netsvietov, Kiril Khlebnikov, Hubert Howe Bancroft, George Davidson, Hudson Stuck, Sheldon Jackson, James Wickersham, Charles Bunnell, Alfred H. Brooks and others. Accident and happenstance also played a role in filling the shelves. There are more mysteries than answers—why some of these particular works resisted hundreds of years of neglect, cold, flood, and fire can never be known. While some books have no marks, no identifiable owners or traceable past, the provenance of others makes them unique. Sometimes the story behind the story is the story.
    • Reading Comprehension Strategies In Children With High-Functioning Autism: A Social Constructivist Perspective

      Cotter, June Ann; Richey, Jean (2011)
      Individuals with autism see the world, by definition of the diagnosis, in a very different way than the typical student. Communication, both verbal and non-verbal, is a defining characteristic of this disability. Students with autism both can and need to learn to comprehend when reading to be successful in school and in life. This study evaluated the reading comprehension abilities of three students with autism and using a strength-based approach targeting comprehension strategies. These strategies also appear to have increased the students' communication skills. All participants were medically or educationally diagnosed with autism. All had an educationally-defined label of autism and had been identified as having difficulty with reading comprehension. The study is presented as a case study with limited participants. The author investigated the reading comprehension abilities of each student and through direct instruction provided support for the skills the student already possessed. Additional skills were then introduced thereby increasing the students' abilities to comprehend. An additional effect of increasing student personal communication skills was also noted.
    • Reading the text right: Robert Browning and iconoclasm

      Baker, Kasey D.; Dupras, Joseph A. (2003-05)
      This thesis explores Robert Browning's revolutionary, iconoclastic poetry. Browning utilizes revisionist methodology to approach individualistic truth. Using the idols Francis Bacon outlines in 'Novum Organum' as a means by which to assess Browning's iconoclasm, the paper is organized according to the 'Idols of the Theatre, ' philosophical iconoclasm; 'Idols of the Cave, ' cultural iconoclasm; 'Idols of the Market-Place, ' linguistic iconoclasm; and 'Idols of the Tribe, ' perceptual iconoclasm. It includes analysis of Browning's philosophical iconoclasm in Paracelsus and 'Fra Lippo Lippi;' his cultural iconoclasm in 'Statue and the Bust, ' 'Bishop Blougram's Apology, ' and 'Saul'; his linguistic iconoclasm in 'An Epistle ... of Karshish, the Arab Physician' and 'A Death in the Desert'; and his perceptual iconoclasm in 'Caliban upon Setebos.' Browning, while not overtly political, was revolutionary-minded in the way he viewed his art and the world. Breaking apart the idols of his readers, Browning incites the individual to revolution.
    • A reason for being: a memoir

      Hoppough, Jennifer A.; Farmer, Daryl L.; Coffmann, Chris; Harney, Eileen (2017-05)
    • Reasons you trust a giant

      Bauer, Aaron (2012-05)
      The following poems investigate giants--literary giants, historical giants, pop-culture icons--and concepts surrounding them. The nature of pseudepigraphic writing, in which writers attempt to tell stories related to but not already told by biblical or historical texts, has influenced the construction of this work, which also attempts to expand upon unrepresented perspectives and give ancient stories relevance to modern readers by combining several myths into one or placing ancient characters out of context. Many of the names and situations concerning giants are derived from the pseudepigraphical. The Book of Giants, which elaborates an obscure biblical passage in Genesis, which introduces a race of giants, the Nephilim, who are the offspring of angels and human women.
    • Reconstruction Of Neets'Aii Gwich'In Land Use: A Methodological Study.

      Peirce, John Carl, Jr. (1995)
      This thesis attempts to determine to what extent land use patterns for the Neets'aii Gwich'in of Alaska can be spatially reconstructed from existing sources. Written narratives are reviewed, such as those related by explorers, missionaries, traders and prospectors, for information on land use. Also reviewed are data that give a broad array of subsistence, demographic, geographical or other relevant information concerning land use, including biological and geological reports, economic studies, census reports, Neets'aii Gwich'in oral narratives, archaeological studies, ethnographic studies, place name studies and maps, and land use and occupancy studies. Methodological models for gathering land use data are reviewed to establish a foundation from which the land use data discussed in this thesis can be compared. Finally, an analysis of the extent to which Neets'aii Gwich'in land use can be reconstructed using historic sources is applied to various conceptual levels of understanding Northern hunter and gatherer land use. <p>
    • A reconstruction of steppe bison mobility in the Yukon-Tanana uplands and implications for prehistoric human behavior

      Glassburn, Crystal L.; Clark, Jamie L.; Potter, Ben A.; Reuther, Joshua D.; Wooller, Matthew J. (2015-08)
      This study seeks to characterize steppe bison (Bison priscus) behavioral ecology in interior Alaska during the Pleistocene for the purpose of understanding how bison may have moved about the landscape on a seasonal basis and how this behavior could have influenced prehistoric human settlement and subsistence patterns. Steppe bison were present in Alaska and other circumpolar regions during the Pleistocene but became extinct during the late Holocene. Archaeological evidence from the Tanana River Basin in interior Alaska indicates that bison were an important component of human subsistence economies for at least 10,000 years, but aspects of steppe bison behavioral ecology including location of habitat area, seasonal movement patterns, and responses to environmental change remain largely unexplored in Alaskan archaeology or paleoecology. This study applies strontium, oxygen, and carbon isotopic analyses to 14 sequentially-sampled and AMS radiocarbon dated steppe bison teeth from two locales in the Yukon-Tanana Uplands in order to reconstruct steppe bison behavior on a seasonal basis. This study is the first of its kind for any prehistoric species in Alaska, and the results indicate that steppe bison did not migrate great distances, but instead, moved between different ecotones seasonally, spending summers in higher elevation regions and winters in lower elevation regions. The results also indicate that steppe bison had greater mobility during periods of warmer climate, including Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3) and during the Late Pleistocene. Bison would have represented a large-bodied and predictable source of food for prehistoric peoples, and these results suggest that human landuse patterns likely incorporated the use of upland regions during the summer and fall, and lowland regions during the winter and early spring. Additionally, the results suggest that bison movement on the landscape would have been more predictable during the Late Pleistocene than during the Holocene. As such, settlement and subsistence patterns may have shifted from a more residentially-organized pattern during the Late Pleistocene to greater logistical mobility during the Holocene as bison population became more mobile.
    • Recreation

      Alfaro, Alex; Johnson, Sara Eliza; Reilly, Terence; Brightwell, Gerri (2018-05)
      This collection was the result of a "happy accident" which occured while watching late night tv and writing poetry. It felt odd at the time to be doing something so mundane and contemporary while also creating something as ancient and steeped in culture and tradition. My life has always seemed varied, almost random, and that's the basic premise of this collection. From such randomness do these poems find purpose: from absurdity comes destiny, from insignificance comes enlightenment and everything in between is a just a privilege--but art, that's where this collection can live.
    • Reflections from a hard country

      Jones, Loretto Lee (2007-05)
      This collection of stories is memoir, compiled from my experiences working in Alaska's commercial fishing industry during the 1970s and 1980s. Alaska fishermen have always been considered to have one of the most dangerous occupations, but it was in this era, before rationalization and privatization, that incredible risks were taken. Much has changed the way Alaskans fish now, but these sea stories really happened. Now, almost forty years later, these seven stories have come to print. Each serves as a reminder of that time when being Alaskan meant freedom and taking chances, creating extraordinary men and women who faced uncertainty on a daily basis. The characters were and are real people. I choose not use the last names of my friends in order to respect the identities of the families.
    • Regional variation in mandibular morphology in the prehistoric Japanese populations of the Jōmon and Okhotsk

      Arenas, Rogelio A. (2012-08)
      Examination of 11 metric mandibular traits was conducted on data collected from several Jōmon and Okhotsk sites for the purpose of analyzing potential impacts of dietary differences on mandibular morphology for these groups. Based on the dietary history of the populations and their respective regions, Middle Jōmon (5,000 - 3,000 BP) sites would share comparable robusticities across all regions based on social and economic continuity as a stable climate resulted in abundant dietary resources which fostered a growth in population in the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido. As the climate cooled in the Late/Final Jōmon (4,000 - 2,000 BP), the population of the two islands crashed coinciding with reduced carrying capacity of the environment due to a reduction in available food resources. Late/Final Jōmon were expected to show mandibular reduction in the Honshu interior which had engaged in plant cultivation and emergent agriculture as opposed to populations on the Hokkaido and Honshu coast which engaged in marine subsistence. The success of agriculture resulted in an expansion across Honshu, pushing marine subsistence communities northeastward to Hokkaido where the tradition persisted as the Epi-Jōmon until the arrival of immigrant populations of the Okhotsk (1,000-600 BP). The Epi-Jōmon and Okhotsk would share comparable robuticities based on their shared practice of marine subsistence. The Late/Final Jōmon and Epi-Jōmon/Okhotsk hypothesis were not supported citing the presence of more diversified and complex subsistence practices than was initially anticipated.
    • Regulating Hunting: Subsistence And Governmentality In The Central Kuskowkim Region, Alaska

      Vanek, Susan B.; Koester, David (2010)
      This paper explores the expansion of the state into formerly ungoverned aspects of life through an examination of one particular episode of intervention, that of moose hunting regulation in the Central Kuskokwim region of Alaska. As in most struggles over wild resources in the state, subsistence is a central organizing template. Local hunters residing in the villages of Aniak and Crooked Creek, interviewed for this work, identify themselves under the label of subsistence in opposition to others, often called "sport hunters". The felt presence of the state in this and other rural areas of Alaska has increased throughout the 20th century and the prevalence of the word subsistence in these disputes is tied to its status as a legal term, dictating how individuals must identify their practices and thus themselves, at the expense of other identifications. The persistence of subsistence indicates governmentality in discourse but not in meaning.
    • Reindeer, dogs, and horses among the Tozhu reindeer herder-hunters in the Siberian taiga

      Arakchaa, Tayana; Plattet, Patrick; Koester, David; Schweitzer, Peter; Koskey, Michael (2018-12)
      Anthropological studies have typically represented reindeer as the uniquely key domesticated animal species for Siberian people. For Tozhu reindeer herder-hunters, however, such a perspective ignores the important roles of dogs and horses. These species are equally vital and interdependent partners of daily life in the mountainous areas of Tuva where Tozhu people live. Each animal comes with specific characteristics, challenges and benefits that necessitate a multispecies perspective--the reindeer-dog-horse triad of Tozhu hunting and reindeer herding economies. This research completes the picture of how taiga-dwelling Tozhu and the three important animal species co-exist together. It seeks to portray: 1) how the Tozhu reindeer herder-hunters interrelate the role of these animals in hunting and reindeer herding; 2) how their intense crossbreeding of dogs and horses has in turn influenced human-animal relationships; and 3) how humans and animals cooperate with each other to achieve shared goals. An overview of anthropological studies of human-animal relations is presented in Chapter 1 and has revealed that humans and their animals are bound in mutual relations in which humans and animals have reciprocally influenced each other. In discussions of hunting and herding, the basic social concepts of "trust" and "domination," connected to "captivity" and "freedom," have become prominent social concepts for interpreting human-animal relations. In the case of the animals with which Tozhu herder-hunters interact in the taiga, both principles, "trust" and "domination," can be observed, though the widespread idea that animals give themselves to humans is not shared by the Tozhu. Chapter 2 of this thesis provides necessary background on the history of the Tozhu people. Chapter 3 outlines the social organization of reindeer herding and hunting in the Tozhu district of the Tyva Republic and focuses on the history of reindeer herding and hunting during the Soviet and post-Soviet eras, particularly the transition of Tozhu from small to large scale reindeer herding production. Scholars have described this transition as an abrupt change to meat-oriented production. Close scrutiny of the history of Tozhu reindeer herding and hunting reveals that the particularities of the fur trade dictated a gradual shift from small-scale to large-scale reindeer herding in order to provide reindeer hunters and villagers with reindeer to utilize as a means of transportation. Collective farms reconstructed reindeer herding and hunting by introducing new forms and techniques in their economies. Chapter 4 describes the role of reindeer and the nature of human-reindeer relationships among the Tozhu. Chapter 5 focuses on the role of the indigenous breeds of hunting dog, particularly their role in hunting and on crossbreeding during the Soviet era. The chapter also discusses how dog breed, gender, experience, age, and specialization affects hunting. It also examines the stealing and eating of dogs in the Tozhu district. Chapter 6 describes the role of horses in Tyvan ontology and in Tozhu economies. It also discusses crossbreeding during the Soviet and post-Soviet era and how the Tozhu are interfacing with crossbreeds today. Analysis of changes in hunting and reindeer herding organization and the history of dog and horse crossbreeding sheds light on the balancing of human relationships with their animals and animal relationships with their humans. Hunting with dogs, for example, has actually provided a stimulus to domesticate reindeer for riding. The practice of riding allows humans to keep up with the dogs during the search for prey in winter. Tozhu practice also includes maintaining a balance between animal captivity and freedom in order to manage multiple animals successfully. All three species are essential for herder-hunters, and one species cannot be said to be more or less important than the others.
    • The relationship between the indigenous peoples of the Americas and the horse: deconstructing a Eurocentric myth

      Collin, Yvette Running Horse; Barnhardt, Raymond; Leonard, Beth Ginondidoy; John, Theresa Arevgaq; Oviedo, Marco A. (2017-05)
      This research project seeks to deconstruct the history of the horse in the Americas and its relationship with the Indigenous Peoples of these same lands. Although Western academia admits that the horse originated in the Americas, it claims that the horse became extinct in these continents during the Last Glacial Maximum (between roughly 13,000 and 11,000 years ago). This version of "history" credits Spanish conquistadors and other early European explorers with reintroducing the horse to the Americas and to her Indigenous Peoples. However, many Native Nations state that "they always had the horse" and that they had well established horse cultures long before the arrival of the Spanish. To date, "history" has been written by Western academia to reflect a Eurocentric and colonial paradigm. The traditional knowledge (TK) of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas, and any information that is contrary to the accepted Western academic view, has been generally disregarded, purposefully excluded, or reconfigured to fit the accepted academic paradigm. Although mainstream academia and Western science have not given this Native TK credence to date, this research project shows that there is no reason -- scientific or otherwise -- that this traditional Native claim should not be considered true. The results of this thesis conclude that the Indigenous horse of the Americas survived the "Ice Age" and the original Peoples of these continents had a relationship with them from Pleistocene times to the time of "First-Contact." In this investigation, Critical Indigenous Research Methodologies (CIRM) and Grounded Theory (GT) are utilized in tandem to deconstruct the history of the horse in the Americas and reconstruct it to include cross-cultural translation, the TK of many Indigenous Peoples, Western scientific evidence, and historical records. This dissertation suggests that the latest technology combined with guidance and information from our Indigenous Peoples has the power to reconstruct the history of the horse in the Americas in a way that is unbiased and accurate. This will open new avenues of possibility for academia as a whole, as well as strengthen both Native and non-Native communities.
    • Relationship maintenance, democratic decision making, and decision agreement

      Tucker, Jenna M.; Sager, Kevin L.; Richey, Jean; Taylor, Karen (2012-05)
      Relationship maintenance uses different strategies to maintain a relationship at the desired level of intimacy. Democratic decision making is a practice through which each individual has equal rights in the decision-making process. The present study investigated connections among two areas of research. In particular, this study examined the correlations among relationship maintenance behaviors, democratic decision making, and decision agreement. Both hypotheses in the study were supported, which suggests relationship maintenance promotes democratic decision making, which in turn promotes decision agreement.
    • Representation and marginalization: a case study from contemporary Alaska Native art

      Biddison, Dawn Drake; Lee, Molly; Jonaitis, Aldona; Koester, David (2002-12)
      In Alaska, contemporary Native artists are creating compelling works of art, yet, in the literature and exhibitions about Native North American contemporary art, Alaska Native art receives little if any attention. In this study, I assess how contemporary Alaska Native art is presented to the public to evaluate whether these representations marginalize this artwork. I examine the creation, exhibition and reception of contemporary Alaska Native art based on the perspectives of the artists, exhibit evaluations and viewer responses. My goal in this study is to substantiate the need to address the way Alaska Native art is presented and to analyze current practices. In particular, I seek to emphasize the importance of creating contextualized presentations of contemporary Alaska Native art using multiple perspectives and interpretive media based on collaboration between the exhibitors of public art and Native artists and communities. By creating more inclusive, informative representations of Alaska Native art, presentations can begin to address the differing requirements of a variety of audiences, utilize the critical attention given to Native American and Euro-American art elsewhere and provoke a re-thinking of preconceptions that continue to diminish the accomplishments of Alaska Native artists.
    • The republic for boys

      Hibler, W. David (2004-05)
      This hybrid work of fiction aims to relieve the tension of epiphany from the Short Story while restoring the aura of retelling or re-seeing to the Novel. The book examines a disastrous event at Sam Kinley Republic for Boys, a facility for adjudicated youth in upstate New York. The first six sections each follow a different character, and each is set in the hours leading up to the incident. While some of these stories extend into the night and the subsequent morning, only the final section considers what might be termed 'the aftermath.' The disaster affects the different characters in different ways. Each character is in the midst of some conflict. The conflicts range from relationship troubles, to medical conditions, to career shortcomings, and in all cases these conflicts are foremost in the characters' minds. Each section evolves as these conflicts compete for attention with the disaster itself. Sometimes they win, sometimes they lose. Sometimes the competing conflicts work to resolve each other. These resolutions are not always productive.
    • Rereading identity: the uncanny in Janet Frame's "The Carpathians"

      Slagle, Nancy Elizabeth (2005-05)
      Janet Frame's ultimate novel, The Carpathians, joins the New Zealand tradition of literature of the uncanny, which has addressed the problem of post-colonial identity, though the novel's metafictional and psychological complexity are uniquely Framian. The work gains richness from a psychoanalytic reading with attention to the character John Henry Brecon, who claims authorship of the novel on its final page. As ekphratic author, he employs the uncanny mode, developing motifs and themes of heimlich and unheimlich set forth by Sigmund Freud's 1919 essay, 'The Uncanny.' John Henry's novel evokes uncanny sentiments through suppression and release of his subconscious and through uncertainty as to the location of reality. Literature fulfills John Henry's and New Zealand's needs to be haunted by a parental figure, yet self-sufficient. The novel examines three tensions: the linguistic and cultural self-repression of the Pakeha characters, the emotional barrier between characters; and the freezing of language to stifle emotion and creativity. During a surreal thunderstorm, John Henry breaks social, emotional, and linguistic barriers by converting uncertainty into the liberating emotion of fear. Frame's novel enhances the post-colonial relevance of uncanny literature as John Henry writes to redefine his community, himself, and his role as an author.
    • Resilience to capitalism, resilience through capitalism: indigenous communities, industrialization, and radical resilience in Arctic Alaska

      Hillmer-Pegram, Kevin C.; Lovecraft, Amy Lauren; Eicken, Hajo; Rosenberg, Jonathan; Takahashi-Kelso, Dennis (2016-08)
      A large and expanding body of scientific evidence shows that the Arctic is experiencing rapid social-ecological changes. Arctic stewardship is a framework for governance that is based on the principles of resilience thinking and is gaining prominence in both academic and political settings. However, critical scholars have indicted resilience thinking for failing to adequately comprehend the social dimensions of social-ecological systems. Resilience, therefore, remains a problematic theoretical foundation on which to base governance. The aim of this dissertation is to improve resilience thinking so that it can overcome its demonstrated shortcomings and thereby contribute to improved Arctic governance. I propose a novel theoretical framework called radical resilience, which integrates conventional resilience thinking with key insights from the political economic theories of certain Marxists and post-Marxists – namely that the capitalist mode of production and consumption is a key driver of ecological degradation and social inequity. Focusing on populations who maintain high degrees of non-capitalist modes of economic activity, I use radical resilience to answer the research question: How is the global capitalist system affecting the social-ecological resilience of Indigenous communities in northern Alaska as the Arctic continues to industrialize? Empirical case studies revolving around the three sectors of industrial activity increasing the fastest in the Arctic – tourism, natural resource extraction, and shipping – show that the relationship between capitalism and the resilience of Indigenous communities is complex and conflicted. While engaging in capitalism challenges traditional values, it is also a key strategy for maintaining adaptive capacity. Rather than calling for local places to ‘weather the storm’ of change – as resilience has been critiqued for doing –governance should enable local influence over global processes through enhanced bottom-up democracy, or what the resilience literature calls revolt.