• Sensory endeavors

      Singer, Alison (2007-05)
      'Sensory Endeavors, ' a collection of seven short stories, uses a variety of protagonists to explore different themes. Breaking with traditional short story collections, I have put together stories with no apparent connection in an attempt to span the vastness of human existence. In 'Playing Chess, ' a middle-aged phone sex operator learns to accept the fact that her dying father is more important than the men on the other end of the phone. 'Things of Light and Beauty' travels through a girl's imagination as she escapes the house in which her mother dies and her father ignores her, until her fantasy world helps her recapture happiness. The stories, while investigating common human experiences, use bizarre, and sometimes fantastical, scenarios to explore these experiences. In 'Legs, ' a man's wife chops off both his legs, which leads to a rift between two lifelong friends. The protagonist of 'Drowning' disappears into the ocean on some nights, and this inhibits her ability to have a child. Throughout the collection, the stories embrace the unexpected to demonstrate that no matter the situation, at the heart of everyone, is a common humanity.
    • Servile sanctions: a study in plot formation in Shakespeare's The winter's tale, Othello, and Much ado about nothing

      Argyle, Ashley (2003-05)
      This thesis proposes to investigate the ways in which William Shakespeare's plays show us an empowerment of what are traditionally considered lower positions: servants and women. In it I examine how servants can direct the action of the plays, motives for their actions and methods used by Shakespeare to effect these, all for the purpose of social criticism.
    • Settler colonial belonging and indigenous erasure in "The Snow Child" and "The Raven's Gift"

      Tidwell, TiaAnna; Carr, Rich; Coffman, Chris; Heyne, Eric (2017-05)
      This research examines two contemporary Alaskan works of literature: Eowyn Ivey's The Snow Child and Don Rearden's The Raven's Gift. I have engaged with (post) colonial theoretical frameworks to describe the settler colonial dynamics at work in each text. By comparing these two works I find that each narrative seeks autochthonous belonging for settler colonial protagonists, which is predicated upon the elimination of indigeneity from the land. I focus on the divergent rhetorical methods of indigenous erasure in each text, and the interaction between race and gender in settler colonial identity construction. Examining the relationship between race and gender highlights the underappreciated significance of the complicity of white women in the settler colonial process and demonstrates the crucial role that indigenous women play as gatekeepers to settler colonial belonging. Within the narratives, I find examples of the formation of private property under settler colonial thought, which paved the way for the dismissal of indigenous land claims. I also look at the way that each text employs the metaphorical language of ghostliness and the supernatural to weaken indigenous presence and bring indigeneity to the precipice of extinction. Both narratives ultimately avoid active dispossession in the settler colonial quest for land by creating and landscape in which indigeneity is already gone.
    • Sex estimation in forensic anthropology: a test of the Klales et al. (2012) method with implications of asymmetry

      Call, Sandra J.; Hemphill, Brian; Druckenmiller, Patrick; Clark, Jamie; Klales, Alexandra (2016-08)
      A sample of 204 American individuals was examined to assess the accuracy and reliability of the three non-metric traits described by Phenice (1969) and revised by Klales et al. (2012) for assigning sex. In addition, the bilateral stability of the three non-metric traits was assessed to determine if asymmetrical expression of the traits compromises the classification accuracy of the revised method, since a prior study found that application of Phenice’s original technique yielded low classification accuracy when applied to the right innominate. Klales and colleagues claimed that expansion of the classification system from a dichotomous present/absent scale into five character states and the incorporation of logistic regression based on posterior probabilities vastly improves the accuracy rates for correct sex identification over the original method. Validity of the method developed by Klales and colleagues has not been tested by an external observer on a modern sample of American individuals (individuals who have died within the last 50 years). The current study tests the reliability and validity of Klales et al.’s (2012) technique for assigning sex of both the left and right innominate. Validity was tested using the sample of innominates 204 individuals from the William Bass Skeletal Collection housed at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Intra- and interobserver agreement was evaluated for Klales and colleagues’ method. Intra-observer and interobserver agreement was statistically evaluated with Cohen’s weighted kappa and the intra-class correlation coefficient. A series of Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks tests were used to evaluate statistical differences in the trait scores between the left and right innominates. Results show that the Klales et al. (2012) technique yields moderate to high levels of intra- and inter-observer agreement and yields correct sex identifications among individuals of known-sex in 93.6% of cases when all three traits are combined. Accuracy of correct sex identification was further increased to 99% by re-calibrating the logistical regression equation to fit the sample obtained from the William Bass Skeletal Collection. A Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test revealed a statistically significant difference in trait scores of the ventral arc between European and African Americans; however, this difference does not compromise the accuracy of the method for correct identification of sex in known-sex individuals.
    • Shades of green: perspectives on nature in Nancy Lord's 'Green Alaska'

      Stubbs, Michael Eugene (2005-05)
      This thesis is a work of literary criticism, specifically eco-criticism, of the non-fiction book 'Green Alaska: Dreams from the Far Coast' by Alaskan writer Nancy Lord. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the literary techniques employed by Lord in her representation of nature in this book. Furthermore, the purpose of this thesis is to present Lord's book to the critical field in order to open a discussion of her work among other critics. It is argued that Lord uses the multiple meanings of the word 'green' and multiple perspectives concerning nature to complicate perspectives and perceptions of nature in order to develop a more responsible view towards the world. Some of these variant meanings of green nature are green money, green envy, and green naïveté. Because Nancy Lord provides multiple voices and interpretations of nature in Green Alaska, no single definition or perception can remain constant, and common perceptions and definitions of nature must be reconsidered. This exploration of various meanings creates a need for introspection. The important question becomes not 'What does green mean?' but 'Why does green mean whatever meaning we choose to assign it?' Uncertainty upsets the human desire for stability, and readers must then reconsider how they see the nonhuman world.
    • Shadow Networks: Border Economies, Informal Markets, And Organized Crime In Vladivostok And The Russian Far East

      Holzlehner, Tobias; Schweitzer, Peter P. (2006)
      The breakdown of the Soviet Union has led to fundamental changes in Russia. New cultural and economic practices emerged out of the fragments of the collapsed state. Exploring economic activities in the Russian Far East at street markets and border crossings, the thesis focuses on new informal economic practices and non-regulated commercial organizations and seeks to understand the emerging roles of entrepreneurs, organized crime, and the state in post-Soviet Russia. The informal, the non-state; the illegal, and the gray in contemporary Russia are the subject of this thesis. Questions at the center of the inquiry are: What are shadow networks, how are they structured, and how is their social reality to be described? Based on anthropological fieldwork in the Russian Far East, especially in the port city of Vladivostok, the thesis focuses on large open-air markets, on so-called shuttle traders, mostly ethnic Russians crossing the Russian-Chinese border on a regular basis to import cheap goods for local markets, and on different organized crime groups, which evolved during the transition in the Far East. The underlying theme of the dissertation is the question of what the elements of stability in times of rapid economic and social change are. Different forms of shadow economies have been established in post-Soviet Russia during the last decade and the border between legality and illegality has become increasingly blurred. Moving beyond the established legal/illegal dichotomy to distinguish different forms of parallel economies, the thesis presents an alternative way to differentiate the various forms of shadow economies. Based on the analysis of social networks and focusing on different qualities of relational ties, the thesis proposes a methodological and theoretical apparatus to understand the mechanics and dynamics of informal economic networks more thoroughly.
    • She lives in Ohio

      Luft, Andrew; Kamerling, Leonard; Johnson, Sara; Harney, Eileen (2019-05)
      Before the big screen, before an actor reads, before the assembly of a set, and before the word "film" is even uttered, a screenplay is written. The successful screenplay acts as a blueprint, or dramatic instructions, for a team of filmmakers. This screenplay may evolve over time, shrinking and expanding to fit the unique vision of a director or producer; as it should. The screenwriter's job is to write a story that is strong enough to withstand this trial period between page and screen. While the minute details may change, the story beating at the screenplay's center should survive, unphased. If the writer is in control, the screenplay will demand to someday be made into a film. She Lives in Ohio is a screenplay of the coming-of-age genre, part drama and part comedy. The story follows Jess, a typical LA teenager, as she navigates changes in both her family structure and her natural surroundings. Jess is torn from the comfort of her mother's side and shipped out east to Ohio, where she and her older brother will spend the summer with their eccentric Aunt Carrie. What begins as a colorful nightmare, soon turns into an exploration of Jess's roots that reveals more about her identity than she ever could have anticipated. In keeping with the coming-of-age genre, She Lives in Ohio depicts a pivotal moment in the protagonist's life as she is thrust out of her youth and into the reality of adulthood. However, unlike the classic coming-of-age narrative, the screenplay does not rely on internal monologue or voice-over. Rather, the story punctuates dialogue with manicured action, snippets of Midwest culture, and portraits of hobbyists and artists. Each character has her practice, her own way of integrating into her environment, which shows how she copes with her given position. This variety of themes serves to reflect the screenwriter's own fascination with the social roles that we both seek and are assigned.
    • Shorebirds and other stories

      Amore, Martha; Coffman, Chris; Evans, Mei Mei; Lampman, Claudia; Brightwell, Gerri (2020-05)
      Shorebirds and Other Stories is a collection of original feminist gothic short fiction set in Alaska. A critical introduction to the creative portion situates the work within the historical context of feminist gothic literature, feminist theory, and contemporary feminist psychology, while rejecting an application of Julia Kristeva's theory of the abject. Kristeva's theory is commonly cited in gothic analyses of female monsters, but this introduction argues that her ideas position women in an essentialist, misogynist Freudian-based psychology, which is in stark contrast to feminist gothic literature's project of asserting women's subjectivity. Each short story in the creative portion reflects themes of maternal subjectivity, ambivalence, or abortion, while drawing inspiration from classic and contemporary feminist gothic literature. Moreover, the collection includes works of realism and the fantastic, the former genre revealing the deep humanity of women deemed monstrous by a patriarchal society, while the latter celebrates radical feminist difference in such monstrous tropes as the vampire, werewolf, and witch. In the tradition of feminist gothic literature, Shorebirds and Other Stories features "monstrous" women as protagonists, offering their perspectives, histories, complex emotions, and perseverance in the struggle for subjecthood.
    • Short jabs

      Warren, Heather; Burleson, Derick; Hill, Sean; Coffman, Chris (2015-05)
      Short Jabs is a collection of poems exploring themes of gender, sexuality, love and violence, ultimately highlighting various contexts in which these thematic issues intersect with one another. Whether it is violence within a same-sex relationship, violence between the self and the self's identified queerness in question, the violence of a relationship enduring heartache, or the violence that forces its mark on the identified woman's body, Short Jabs argues for the fluidity explicit within - and beyond - this thematic spectrum. Simultaneously - through lyric and the use of rhythmic and figurative language - Short Jabs rejects normative notions of poetic formatting and utilizes the page as a piece of technology to notate musicality. Stylistically and thematically, this collection attempts to deliver the feeling of a short jab, one poem at a time.
    • Shudder: Poems And Essays On Cancer, Care, And Healing

      Mohatt, Nathaniel Vincent; Burleson, Derick (2011)
      This book chronicles my journey in understanding and coming to terms with my father's illness and death. In 2005 he was diagnosed with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), and in 2008 I traveled with him to the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas. In 2010 he died suddenly after his cancer transformed into an aggressive form of large cell lymphoma. The introductory personal essay ties together the trip to MD Anderson with writings from poetry and psychology, chronicling my experience with cancer care. The essay unveils an intimate relationship between art, the creation and experience of beauty, the provision of health care, and the meaning of healing. Like art, health care and healing are experienced in "the attempt," the process of trying to attain (health or beauty) without the ability to realize perfection. The poems weave together visions from the MD Anderson trip, other encounters with cancer, and pieces of my family's life after his death with a wide variety of images, memories, characters, and spirits. The poems begin with scenes and people from MD Anderson, then move to poems about coming into sense, discovery of the internal wild, and preparation for a time of sorrow. The later poems grapple with understanding the disease and my father's relationship with illness and conclude with in a continuation of "the attempt" even after death.
    • Siltwater

      Cook, Nancy Allyn (2003-12)
      Chronicling one woman's coming-of-age in the Kennicott Valley of the Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Siltwater spans twelve years (1992-2002), and includes elements of memoir, reportage, personal profile, literary criticism, philosophical essay, prose poetry and a pair of formal poems. Structurally the text is divided into three sections: Finding Home, Neighbors and Reckoning, with each section including full-length essays interwoven with more poetic shorts. As a whole, the text challenges the notion of Alaska as a Last Frontier, and instead presents an inhabited wilderness complete with blue tarps, wolf trappers, booming tourist towns, and large bureaucracies. The Alaska physical geography-with glaciers, rivers, and grizzlies-is presented alongside a unique human geography-with Park Rangers, Ahtna Athabascans, young adventurers, and seasoned renegades. Thematically, the text examines issues of human aesthetics and geographic determinism. The National Park Service emerges as an antagonist in a rural community's struggle to retain individual freedom and small town values during a period of rapid tourism growth. The prose poems allow a more emotional examination of place, and, as a group, suggest analogies between romantic love and an intimate sense of place.
    • Similar paths

      Reed, Steffanie D. (2002-05)
      Early in the 20th century, Muriel Rukeyser set the poetic world on its head by framing a question: 'What would happen if one woman told the truth about her life?' This, in turn, had a profound effect on other writers like Anne Sexton, Sylvia Plath, and Adrienne Rich. Now, in my place in the tradition of poetry, I offer the readers of 'Similar Paths, ' another truth of a woman's life. This speaker comes to the truths she knows through her contemplations of the natural world, her interpretations of small-town life, and her journeys into the broader world. She carefully looks at those she encounters on this journey, their motives and responses. And because this is how poetry works, the reader comes to those truths vicariously, almost simultaneously with the woman who speaks in the pages of 'Similar Paths'.
    • Site Formation Processes And Environmental Reconstruction At The Mink Island Archaeological Site (Xmk-030), Katmai National Park And Preserve, Alaska

      Laybolt, Alison Dawn; Murray, Maribeth (2012)
      This research was initiated to document climate and weather, as reflected in geoarchaeological data, and identify, if possible, any related changes in human behaviors at the Mink Island Site (XMK-030) on the Shelikof Strait, in Katmai National Park, Alaska. The goal was to identify local environmental changes through the analysis of sediment micromorphology, grain-size, and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) observation of sediment grain surface textures, and use the data to determine if local environmental changes were related to periods of human occupation, or associated with local or regional hiatuses. Research indicated that micromorphology, grain-size and SEM analyses are not the most appropriate analytical techniques to develop proxy climate data. This is not to say they are not applicable to archaeological analyses in general, or even in the GOA. They are however, ineffectual means by which to obtain data regarding specific environmental events, and cannot therefore, be used to extrapolate environmental drivers of human behavior. However, both micromorphology and grain size analysis are appropriate techniques to address the proposed research questions and both indicate that the two primary non-cultural formation processes on the site were aeolian and colluvial deposition. Analyses suggested that there were not widely divergent depositional regimes. Sediments within the site were likely deposited by aeolian and/or colluvial movement with secondary deposition during freezing temperatures likely during periods of winter abandonment. During occupation periods, sediments were likely derived from these same processes as well as material brought into the site by human occupants. The differences between abandonment and occupation levels are very distinct; humans clearly affected the means by which material accumulated in site deposits. Analysis suggests winter abandonment but beyond that, it is difficult to extrapolate additional seasonality data. Methods used for analysis of the Mink Island sediments were unable to provide specific information regarding environmental events at the site or within the broader GOA. However, analyses did provide an additional tool to identify the season of site abandonment. The data presented here also indicated the depositional processes that acted on the site, and allowed the identification of post-depositional processes that altered sediments after human abandonment.
    • Site Structure And Organization In Central Alaska: Archaeological Investigations At Gerstle River

      Potter, Ben Austin; Gerlach, S. Craig (2005)
      This dissertation presents a multi-dimensional analysis of site structure and organization at a multi-component deeply buried stratified site in the Tanana Basin in Interior Alaska, Gerstle River. The primary objective of this research is to investigate patterning among the lithics, fauna, features, stratigraphy, and radiometric dating, within and among components and intra-component hierarchical spatial aggregates. These analyses are situated within and are explored in terms of technological and spatial organization. Given the longevity of microblade technology (12000 BP to ~1000 BP) and its presence in very different climatic and biotic regimes, understanding how microblades were used within a technological system and possible variations in microblade use could be useful in understanding technological change during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition and later Holocene times. This research analyzes microblades and other lithic classes at a number of levels (e.g., attribute, artifact, raw material, modification type, cluster, area, component, and site). Results show a number of organizational properties used by Early Holocene populations at Gerstle River, providing a dataset useful for testing future models derived from experimental, ethnoarchaeological, and other middle range approaches. Patterns of technology and technological organization are more highly resolved when incorporating spatial analyses. Microblade technology is shown to be structurally complex, used for a variety of purposes and reflecting different stages of production and different modes of use and disposal, including microblade production, replacement, and discard. Inferences about faunal procurement, subsistence, transport decisions, settlement patterns, and economy are made through a multidimensional faunal analysis. Non-human factors were not major agents in the formation of the assemblages. A spatial model of faunal processing indicates how space was used in processing multiple individuals of wapiti and bison. Contextual data from lithic technology, faunal remains, features, radiocarbon dating, and spatial relationships are used to model several dimensions of organization present at Gerstle River, including site activities, technological organization, disposal modes, organization of space, redundancy, storage, seasonality, location, group size and economic structure, economy, and settlement system.
    • Skin Drums, Squeeze Boxes, Fiddles And Phonographs: Musical Interaction In The Western Arctic, Late 18Th Through Early 20Th Centuries

      Krejci, Paul R.; Koester, David; Lee, Molly; Hurley-Glowa, Susan; Schweitzer, Peter (2010)
      This dissertation explores the nature of early globalization in the Western Arctic with a focus on musical interaction between indigenous and foreign populations during the late 18th through the 20 th centuries. The region experienced an unprecedented amount of cultural contact represented by various cultural groups including Native Alaskan, Canadian, Chukotkan, European American, African American, Latin American, Asian American, Oceanic peoples and others. Numbering in the thousands, natives and non-natives developed continuous and long-term relations working as explorers, whalers, traders, missionaries, miners, hunters, trappers, seamstresses, educators, law enforcement officials, and scientists. The Western Arctic's ethnically diverse population, relatively harsh physical surroundings, and absence of a common language allowed musical activity to serve as an important means of communication and increase awareness of the world. Music and dance helped to promote social bonding, trade, and religion. They also expressed cultural identity and contributed to ethnic differentiation. An examination of this musical interchange forms the first part of this study. Local indigenous communities during the late 18th, 19 th, and early 20th centuries interacted most extensively with the influx of explorers, commercial whalers, traders, and missionaries. Throughout the year but especially during the long winter season, these groups often participated in formal, informal, and impromptu gatherings featuring various types of music such as indigenous drum dance and song, folk, popular, church, and classical. Musical instruments including frame drums, fiddles, accordions, harmonicas, organs, pianos, guitars and devices such as phonographs, organettes, and music boxes played an essential role in musical exchange. Just as significantly, these objects also ranked as some of the region's more popular trade commodities. Perceptions of northern indigenous peoples through music and dance constitute a second part of this study. Outside fascination with the Arctic and its inhabitants as reflected in the many examples of late 19th and early 20 th century sheet music, piano rolls, and recordings suggest that cross-cultural interests, though often superficial and caricatured, were also reciprocal. Early musical representation of Arctic culture via southern compositions and performances shares crucial links to the expansion of globalization in North America and beyond.
    • "Skin-tongue"

      Mckisick, Kendalyn; Johnson, Sara; Coffman, Chris; Mellen, Kyle; Hirsch, Alexander (2018-05)
      This thesis is first and foremost a poetry project. However, central to its craft are ideas of cross-genre poetics. Thematically interconnected essays of both lyric and experimental styles are used as section breaks, which provides more clarity while simultaneously heightening complexity as the manuscript progresses. The sequencing of the essays and poems have a personal chronological trajectory, beginning with more concrete imagery and standard grammar usage then progressing towards a more abstract landscape where repeated images are transformed through experimental grammar usage and varied contexts. Image matching on either side of the manuscript acts as connective tissue holding the two "halves" together, whereas the language and presentation in the first half allow the reader an anchor to move forward into a more strange and untethered space towards the end. The language found in the essays has range influenced by the voice of the speakers. These voices include the child voice, the instructional scientific, to arguably fictional because of an unreliable narrator. These same voices can be found within the poems. Through adherence to intuitive sound and rhythm, including line and section breaks, anaphora, internal rhyme, and fragmentation, the essays maintain a poetic quality. These two elements of craft place the essays in direct conversation with the poems that surround them. Thematically, the project deals with racial tensions, motherhood, and romantic relationships through a discovery of the personal skin--its birth, its color, and its ability to perceive and be perceived.
    • Skinning the beast

      Khera, Susheila Maria (2000-05)
      Each of the main characters in these stories must deal with a personal beast which forces the character to confront a weakness, flaw, or memory. The characters must subsequently deal with the positive or negative results of the confrontation. The process of writing these stories included experimenting with different points of view, in an attempt to make the stories as credible as possible. Time was another important element in this attempt. While some stories are better situated only in the present, others need flashbacks to substantiate the character's actions and reasoning.
    • Slips of diction

      Rohrbaugh, Stephanie (2004-05)
      'Slips of Diction' strives to define the space that exists between what is said and what is left unsaid. These poems are about communication and the function of language in a postmodern aesthetic that attempts to express those things we know, as well as those things we don't know. The work collected here creates a dialogue between an 'I' and a 'you, ' while asserting that language is an imperfect means of expression. Science and art, admittance and denial, emotion and logic, drinking and driving, all coexist in this work and provide different avenues for exploration as the speaker searches for something constant in a world defined by inconsistencies. Ultimately, these poems try to create new space where meaningful communication can exist, while describing the tension that inevitably results.
    • Slowing down: how collaborative pairs support meaning making and the writing process in an elementary classroom

      Short, Kelsey; Martelle, Wendy; Siekmann, Sabine; Patterson, Leslie (2019-05)
      The teacher action research study was conducted within a third-grade classroom. The participants of the study were eight English Language learners who worked in pairs to write a retelling of a storybook. The need for this research developed from observations made by the classroom teacher focusing around the animated oral storytelling of her students and how that joy did not translate to writing. Data was collected in the forms of video and audio recordings, student samples and a research journal. The study attempted to discover what decisions students made as they focused on their written retelling in a collaborative pair. Increasing interaction between students became a main focus of the study and the ideas of sociocultural theory were the main themes that drove the analysis of this research. The study showed that students utilized a variety of mediational tools available to them as they made meaning and participated in collaborative dialogue. They also spent time supporting each other by utilizing those mediational tools to increase the success of their retelling, as well as by giving social support when their partner was flustered or overwhelmed.
    • Small dreams

      Porter, Thomas Albert (2000-05)
      Body and language -- these are the two essential means by which we communicate. It is through these that we attempt to connect to each other and through these that we attempt to move away from the isolation of the self. This collection of stories is concerned with the ways in which people use body and language in order to make such connections -- both to others and to self -- as well as the extent to which these connections serve as a means of defining self. Divided into three sections, the first section deals with initial attempts to reach out from the self. The second section deals with such attempts as they endure, and the third and final section deals with such attempts as they fail or come to an end.