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dc.contributor.authorSugiura, Masahisa
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Sydney
dc.description.abstractAverage characteristics are determined for 74 great magnetic storms with sudden commencements that occurred in 1902-1945. The storm field is resolved for different epochs of storm time into tv;o parts: (i) Dst, which is independent of local time, that is, of longitude A, relative to the sun, and (ii) DS, which depends on A . They are obtained, for each of the three magnetic elements, declination, horizontal force, and vertical force, at eight geomagnetic latitudes ranging from 80°N to 1°S. DS is harmonically analyzed; the first harmonic component is shown to be the main component of DS. The storm-time course of this component is compared with that of Dst; DS attains its maximum earlier and decays more rapidly. The results of the analysis of great storms are compared with those for weak and moderate storms that were reported previously. Some characteristics of Dst change with intensity. Except in magnitude, main characteristics of DS are independent of intensity.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in the document has been sponsored by the Air Force Cambridge Research Center, Air Research and Development Command, under Contract No. AF 19(604)-2163.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsLIST OF TABLES -- LIST OF FIGURES -- ABSTRACT -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. OBSERVATORIES -- 3. STORM-TIME VARIATIONS : 3.1 Dst in the geomagnetic-north component, Hgm ; 3.2 Dst in the geomagnetic-east component, Egm ; 3.3 Dst in the vertical force Z -- 4. DISTURBANCE DAILY VARIATIONS -- 5. FIRST HARMONIC COMPONENT OF DS -- 6 . HIGHER HARMONIC COMPONENTS OF DS AND SD -- 7. COMPARISON OF Dst AND DS -- 8 . SEASONAL VARIATIONS IN Dst : 8.1 Seasonal variation in Dst(H); season d and season j ; 8.2 Seasonal variation in Dst(H); season e and season s -- 9. SEASONAL VARIATIONS IN DS -- 10. CONCLUSION -- 11. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCESen_US
dc.publisherGeophysical Institute at the University of Alaskaen_US
dc.sourceGeophysical Instituteen_US
dc.titleA Study of the Morphology of Magnetic Storms Great Magnetic Stormsen_US

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