• Achieving Alaska Native Self-Governance: Toward Implementation of the Alaska Natives Commission Report

      Fischer, Victor; Morehouse, Thomas; Cornell, Stephen; Taylor, Jonathon; Grant, Kenneth (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1999)
      Renewed attention recently has been focused on Alaska’s Native communities. News accounts, government reports, and academic studies make it clear that Native communities continue to struggle with serious socioeconomic problems despite extensive federal and state programs designed to address them. The public debates arising out of the U. S. Supreme Court’s decision in the Venetie case, the formation of the governor’s Rural Governance Commission (not to mention previous commissions), and continuing subsistence conflicts highlight unresolved questions about what Native, state, and federal institutions should do to address the problems of village Alaska. Finally, the recent Alaska Inter-Tribal Council (AITC)-Rural Alaska Community Action Program (RurAL CAP) Conference of Tribes and the subsequent march, rally, and declaration illustrate continuing Native resolve to address the problems them- selves. Clearly there is consensus that Native problems need urgent attention, but there is less agreement on what is to be done. A central issue in this debate concerns Native self-governance. Can Native self-governance do a better job of dealing with Native problems than non- Native efforts have done? What should be the extent of such governance? What forms should it take? This report considers these and related questions. Please note that this version of the report differs from previous version in that it removes the authors recommendations, as this task is being taken on at the organizational level by the AFN.
    • Expanding Job Opportunities for Alaska Natives (Interim Report)

      Hild, Carl; Sharp, Suzanne; Killorin, Mary; McDiarmid, G. Williamson; Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1998)
      Alaska's Native people need more jobs. In 1994, the Alaska Natives Commission reported that "acute and chronic" unemployment throughout Alaska's Native communities was undermining Native society. The situation has not improved in the past several years, and it could worsen. The number of working-age Natives is growing much faster than the number of new jobs. Also, recent welfare reforms require welfare recipients to either get jobs or at least do some "work activity" which means that more Alaska Natives will be looking for work. The Alaska Federation of Natives wants to find ways of reducing the high unemployment among Alaska Natives. As part of that effort, it contracted with the Institute of Social and Economic Research at the University of Alaska Anchorage to describe current employment among Alaska Natives and to look for ways of expanding job opportunities. This is an interim report, and it has some limits. First, information on employment by race is hard to get and hard to verify. The best information on Alaska Native employment is from the 1990 federal census. We used that 1990 census information and other data to put together what we consider a reasonable picture of Native employment. Clearly the federal census in the year 2000 will supply more current information. Also, we had limited time and money to collect information on the many public and private programs targeting Native hire. We were not able to learn about all programs, and in some cases we had to rely on just one or two people to tell us about specific programs. Despite its limits, we hope this report can contribute to increasing job opportunities for Alaska Natives. Here we first summarize current Native employment and employment trends. Then we describe what seem to be promising approaches for increasing Native employment.
    • The Status of Alaska Natives Report 2004 Volumes I - III

      Leask, Linda; Marshall, David; Goldsmith, Scott; Hill, Alexandra; Angvik, Jane; Howe, Lance; Saylor, Brian L. (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2004)
      The Alaska Federation of Natives asked ISER to report on social and economic conditions among Alaska Natives. We found that Natives have more jobs, higher incomes, and better living conditions, health care, and education than ever. But they remain several times more likely than other Alaskans to be poor and out of work. Alcohol continues to fuel widespread social problems. Native students continue to do poorly on standard tests, and they’re dropping out in growing numbers. Rates of heart disease and diabetes are rising. In the face of all these challenges, subsistence remains critical for cultural and economic reasons. And there are more challenges to come. In the coming decade, when economic growth is likely to be slower than in the past, thousands more young Alaska Natives will be moving into the job market. Volume II and Volume III of the Status of Alaska Natives Report contain data tables generated from the 2000 U.S. census describing the Alaska Native American population by the 12 Alaska Native Regional Corporation boundaries. Volume II shows data for the population in Alaska reporting Native American as their only race (Alaska Native or American Indian Alone) and Volume III shows data for the population reporting Native American in combination with some other race (Alaska Native or American Indian Alone or in Combination). At the time of the 2000 Census, there were 98,043 single-race Native Americans in Alaska and 119,241 people who identified themselves as Native American in combination with some other race. The tables in these volumes have been generated from a special file prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau that contains detailed information on the Native American population for the entire United States. The AIANSF (American Indian and Alaska Native Summary File) is accessible on the internet at http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DatasetMainPageServlet"