• A Study of Five Southeast Alaska Communities

      Colt, Steve; Gorsuch, Lee; Smythe, Charles; Garber, Bart K. (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1994)
      The Forest Service of the US Department of Agriculture and the Bureaus of Land Management and Indian Affairs of the US Department of the Interior contracted with the Institute of Social and Economic Research to prepare a report presenting the available, factual evidence on why the five studey communities of Haines, Ketchikan, Petersburg, Tenakee and Wrangell were omitted from ANCSA - and how the historical circumstances and conditions of the study communities compare with those of the Southeast communities that were recognized under ANCSA. The first two chapters ofthe report examine Congress's broad authority to settle aboriginal land claims and the development and application of Congressioal and adminstrative criteria for villages and urban communities recognized under ANCSA. Chapter 3 examines Tlingit and Haida land claims settlement. Chapter 4 assesses similarities and differences in Native population characteristics of the study communities at the time ANSCSA was passed. Chapter 5 describes historical Native use and occuption of the five study communities and of ANCSA communities in Southeast Alaska. Chapter 6 reports how ANSCA enrollment procedures were carried out in both the study communities and the recognized villages and urban communities. Chapter 7 reports on the financial benefits that shareholders of Southeast village and urban corporations have realized over the years, as compared with the benefits the at-large shareholders received. This report is accompanied by four appendices that provide the basis for summaries included in the main report. Appendix A: A History of Occupation and Use, Appendix B: List of Persons Interviewed for Study Community Histories , Appendix C: Citation Database for Chapters 1 and 2 , Appendix D: Comments of Reviewers and Related Documents