• Cross Cultural Issues in Village Administration: Observations on Water and Sanitation Operations and Management in Western Alaska

      Haley, Sharman; Brelsford, Taylor (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1999)
      The villages of Western Alaska are in various stages of transition from hauling water and human waste by hand, to technologically sophisticated Arctic design piped systems. The transition involves not only technological change and adaptation, but also the development of new institutions and work relations appropriate to the administration and management of complex systems. The implicit norms of these new institutional relations and culture of work are based in Anglo-Saxon Protestant culture; in very many respects these norms are alien to traditional Yup'ik Eskimo people. Bi-cultural Natives are in a unique position to meet these challenges and facilitate the transition by modeling an adaptive synthesis of the two cultures, providing culturally sensitive leadership, and facilitating relations between villages and outside agencies.
    • Culture Change and Identity Among Alaska Natives: Retaining Control

      Fienup-Riordan, Ann (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1992)
      To date, Alaska Natives have changed in some respects and remained the same in other as a result of exposure to and interaction with the non-Native world.Like other Native Americans, they have been much more motivated to preserve what they can of their traditional view of the world in their reactions to missionaries ad agents of change in general than has been appreciated. This paper gives a general outline of culture change and changes in personal and group identity among Alaska Natives. It draws from the recent history of the Yup'ik-speaking residents of western Alaska, an area of the state where this process has been relatively recent and where social problems associated with rapid culture change are at present particularly intense.