• Management Alternatives for the Guided Sport Fishery for Halibut off Alaska

      Hartley, Marcus; Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1997)
      The domestic fishery for halibut in and off Alaska is managed by the International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) as provided by the ""Convention Between the United States and Canada for the Preservation of the Halibut Fishery of the Northern Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea" (Convention) signed at Washington March 29, 1979, and the Northern Pacific Halibut Act of 1982 (Halibut Act). The Convention and the Halibut Act authorize the respective North Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) established by the Magnuson-Stevens Act to: "develop regulations governing the United States portion of Convention waters, including limited access regulations, applicable to nationals or vessels of the United States, or both which are in addition to and not in conflict with regulation adopted by the Commission. Such regulation shall only be implemented with the approval of the Secretary, shall not discriminate between residents of different States, and shall be consistent with the limited entry criteria set forth in Section 303(b)(6) of the Magnuson Stevens Act. If it becomes necessary to allocate or assign halibut fishing privileges among various United States fishermen, such allocation shall be fair and equitable to all such fishermen, based upon the rights and obligation in existing Federal law, reasonable calculated to promote conservation, and carried in such manner that no particular individual, corporation, or other entity acquires an excessive share o f the halibut fishing privileges ... [Halibut Act]." This document assesses the potential economic and social impacts of a proposed catch reporting system and/or some form of limitation on the growth of the halibut charter boat industry (lodges, outfitters, guides, and charter vessels) operating in waters off Alaska's coast.
    • Modeling Community Economic Impacts of the Alaska Halibut IFQ Program

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1997)
      In 1995 an Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) management plan was implemented for the Alaska halibut fishery (Hippoglossus stenolepis). With annual catches in the 1990s ranging from 34 to 53 million lbs, valued between $60 million and $99 million, the Alaska halibut IFQ program represents by far the largest fishery for which the United States has adopted IFQ fishery management. How can we assess the individual and combined economic effects on Alaska fishing communities of the many different changes resulting from the IFQ program? Economists at the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) have developed a model for use in assessing community economic impacts of changes in fisheries harvests, markets and management. We refer to this model as the Fisheries Community Impact (FCI) model. In this paper, we use this model to look at changes between 1994 and 1995 in the economic impacts of the halibut fishery on five Alaska communities. These five communities-- Kodiak, Homer, Seward, Petersburg and Sitka--accounted for 53% of Alaska halibut landings in 1994 and 57% of total landings in 1995. For this paper, we use direct personal income earned by community residents in fish harvesting, fish processing, and supplying goods and services to the harvesting or processing industries as a measure of community economic impacts. The model may also be used to track employment impacts of fishing, as well as indirect "multiplier" effects on communities of fisheries income and expenditures. Because these effects are roughly (although not exactly) proportional to direct income impacts, for purposes of brevity and simplicity in this paper we describe only direct income impacts.