• The Great Salmon Run: Competition Between Wild and Farmed Salmon

      Knapp, Gunnar; Roheim, Cathy; Anderson, James (TRAFFIC North America, 2007)
      This report examines economic and policy issues related to wild and farmed salmon in North America. These issues have received a great deal of attention in recent years, reflecting the environmental, economic and cultural importance of salmon to Americans—and the fact that salmon issues span many important policy debates ranging from environmental protection to trade policy. The salmon industry has experienced dramatic change over the past two decades. Two major trends gave rise to many of the issues discussed in this report. The first trend is the rapid and sustained growth in world farmed salmon and salmon trout production, from two percent of world supply in 1980 to 65 percent of world supply in 2004. The growth of farmed salmon and the decline in the value of wild salmon has given rise to two broad sets of questions: • How has salmon farming affected wild salmon resources and the wild salmon industry? • What should be done to protect wild salmon resources and strengthen the wild salmon industry?"
    • Russian Salmon Industry: An Initial Review

      Knapp, Gunnar; Johnson, Terry (Alaska Division of Economic Development, 1995)
      Alaska's share of the world salmon market has declined substantially over the last five years. In most cases market share has been lost to increased farmed salmon production, however, Alaska's wild salmon competitors have made inroads as well. Because Russian salmon runs are the world's only other source of wild salmon comparable in scale to Alaska's, it is important that we better understand this new competitor to the world salmon market. Where once nearly all of Russia's salmon was consumed within the borders of the former Soviet Union, significant changes in the political and economic structure of Russia have caused an increase in salmon exports to Japan and Europe. But despite Russia's emergence as a new competitor in the world salmon market, Russia and Alaska share common interests in international fishery management issues as well as in research, technology and investment opportunities. This report is an attempt to better understand Russian salmon production, management, regulation, and harvesting and processing organizations. It also tries to quantify Russian salmon product forms and export markets as well as threats caused by over-harvesting and pollution.