• Ecological factors influencing fish distribution in a large subarctic lake system

      Plumb, Miranda Paige (2006-05)
      The coastal climate and frequent wind storms in southwest Alaska create an atypical thermal environment (non-stratified in summer) in the remote Ugashik lakes. This study documents the distribution of lake trout 'Salvelinus namaycush, ' arctic char 'S. alpinus', Dolly Varden 'S. malma, ' arctic grayling 'Thymallus arcticus, ' round whitefish 'Prosopium cylindraceum, ' and pygmy whitefish 'P. coulterii' relative to depth, substrate particle size, food habits, length, and age in the absence of strong thermal structure. Sample sites were randomly chosen within sampling strata and gill nets were set at each site. Lake trout and round whitefish were most abundant and had the oldest individuals in the catch. In more typical thermally stratified lake systems lake trout and Arctic char usually move to colder, deeper water in summer. In the Ugashik lakes, however, both species were abundant in shallow water all summer. Prior to this study pygmy whitefish were undocumented in this system. The fish examined in the Ugashik lakes were opportunistic feeders, consuming organisms such as isopods and amphipods. Fish in the Ugashik lakes were found in locations different from what one would expect from predominant literature. Fisheries managers may need to take this into account in their fisheries management.