Browsing College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences by Author "Scanlon, Brendan P."
The ecology of the Arctic char and the dolly varden in the Becharof Lake drainage, AlaskaScanlon, Brendan P. (2000-12)Becharof Lake is home to both Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) and the closely related Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma), two species known not only to be similar in appearance but also to exhibit similar life histories. The body morphometry, otolith microchemistry, and stomach contents of both species were studied in fish collected from May to September 1998. Morphometric and meristic analysis revealed clear separation in body structure between the two species, as well as potential sub-populations within each species. Otolith microchemistry revealed incidences of anadromy and non-anadromy in both species. Stomach content analysis revealed a broad feeding niche but smaller ranges in food types in individual Arctic char with little seasonal preference, whereas Dolly Varden showed seasonality in food choices. Data suggest that both species can move in and out of the lake system, and that little competition for food or habitat occurs between the two species in the summer months.