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dc.contributor.authorHudson, Heather E.
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-28T21:09:19Z
dc.date.available2014-06-28T21:09:19Z
dc.date.issued2011-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/4131
dc.descriptionPresented at the Experts Workshop. Sponsored by the Ford Foundation.en_US
dc.description.abstractAlaska Natives comprise several cultural and linguistic groups including Inupiat, Yupik, Athabascan, Aleut, Tlingit and Haida, organized into some 226 tribes. Approximately two-thirds of the indigenous population live in more than 200 rural villages, most of which are remote settlements with fewer than 200 people and no road access. Since the late 1970’s, all communities with at least 25 permanent residents have had telephone service, but broadband connectivity remains limited. The major mechanism for extending Internet access to rural Alaska has been federal universal service funds, specifically the E-rate program that subsidizes Internet access for schools and libraries, and the Rural Health program that subsidizes connectivity for rural health clinics and hospitals. Under the federal Stimulus program, Alaska has also recently received funding for infrastructure to extend broadband in southwest Alaska, for improved connectivity for rural libraries, and for training and support for rural public computer centers. These initiatives primarily support improvements in Internet and broadband availability for rural Alaska. However, this paper proposes a more rigorous framework including not only availability, but more broadly access, and also adoption, and examines how these concepts apply to Alaska natives. The paper also examines other elements of digital diversity, including innovation in applications and content, ICT entrepreneurship, and participation in telecommunications policy-making.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherInstitute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorageen_US
dc.titleDigital Diversity: Broadband and Indigenous Populations in Alaskaen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-02-26T01:16:12Z


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