Browsing Theses (Civil and Environmental Engineering) by Subject "Bridges"
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Structural health monitoring of Klehini River bridgeThe objective of the research is to improve the safety of bridge structures in the state of Alaska through implementation of innovative structural health monitoring (SHM) technologies. The idea is to evaluate structural integrity and serviceability, and to provide reliable information for changing structural response, etc. of monitored bridges. Based on the finite element model's moving load analysis, modal analysis results and field inspection, this study was used to establish a bridge SHM system for a particular bridge including a preferred sensor layout, system integrator and instrumentation suitable for Alaska's remote locations with harsh weather. A variety of sensors were proposed to measure and monitor structural and environmental conditions to assist in the evaluation of the performance of the Klehini River Bridge. This system is able to provide more reliable information on the real structural health condition. It can be used to improve safe performance of this bridge. As a new safety and management tool, this SHM system will complement traditional bridge inspection methods. Implementation of an effective monitoring system will likely result in a reduction in inspection manpower, early detection of deterioration/damage, development of optimum inspection cycle and repair schedules before deterioration/damage grows to a condition where major repairs are required.