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dc.contributor.authorMosher, Bryan Patrick
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-25T00:29:42Z
dc.date.available2014-10-25T00:29:42Z
dc.date.issued2014-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/4556
dc.descriptionDissertation (Ph.D.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2014
dc.description.abstractThe ability of the brain to detect (central CO₂ chemosensitivity) and respond to (central CO₂ chemoresponsiveness) changes in tissue CO₂/pH, is a homeostatic process essential for mammalian life. Dysfunction of the serotonin (5-HT) mechanisms compromises ventilator CO₂ chemosensitivity/responsiveness and may enhance vulnerability to pathologies such as the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). The laboratory of Dr. Michael Harris has shown medullary raphe' contributions to central chemosensitivity involving both 5-HT- and y-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated mechanisms. I tested the hypothesis that postnatal exposure to mild intermittent hypercapnia (IHc) induces respiratory plasticity, due in part to strengthening of bicuculline- and saclofen-sensitive mechanisms (GABAA and GABAB receptor antagonists respectively). Rats were exposed to IHc-pretreatment (8 cycles of 5 % CO₂) for 5 days beginning at postnatal day 12 (P12). I subsequently assessed CO₂ responsiveness using an in situ perfused brainstem preparation. Hypercapnic responses were determined with and without pharmacological manipulation. In addition, IHc-pretreatment effectiveness was tested for its ability to overcome dysfunction in the CO₂ responsiveness induced by a dietary tryptophan restriction. This dysfunctional CO₂ responsiveness has been suggested to arise from a chronic, partial 5-HT reduction imparted by the dietary restriction. Results show IHc-pretreatment induced plasticity sufficient for CO₂ responsiveness despite removal of otherwise critical ketanserin-sensitive mechanisms. CO₂ responsiveness following IHc-pretreatment was absent if ketanserin was combined with bicuculline and saclofen, indicating that the plasticity was dependent upon bicuculline- and saclofen-sensitive mechanisms. IHc-induced plasticity was also capable of overcoming the ventilatory defects associated with maternal dietary restriction. Duration of IHc-induced plasticity was also investigated and found to last far into life (up to P65). Furthermore, I performed experiments to investigate if IHc-induced plasticity was more robust at a specific developmental period. No such critical period was identified as IHc-pretreatment induced robust respiratory plasticity when administered at all developmental periods tested (P12-16, P21-25 and P36-40). I propose that IHc-induced plasticity may be able to reduce the severity of reflex dysfunctions underlying pathologies such as SIDS.
dc.titleIntermittent hypercapnia induces long-lasting ventilatory plasticity to enhance CO₂ responsiveness to overcome dysfunction
dc.typeDissertation
dc.type.degreephd
dc.identifier.departmentDepartment of Biology and Wildlife
dc.contributor.chairHarris, Michael B.
dc.contributor.committeeTaylor, Barbara E.
dc.contributor.committeeHueffer, Karsten
dc.contributor.committeeEdmonds, Brian W.
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-05T09:09:45Z


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