Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorCurns, Daniel B.
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-26T01:02:44Z
dc.date.available2015-01-26T01:02:44Z
dc.date.issued2014-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/4818
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2014en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study examined the validity of the Reasons for Life Scale (RFLS) with emerging adult college students. The RFLS measures "reasons for life." It was developed for use with Alaska Native youth as a way to assess potential risk of suicide without directly questioning about suicidal ideation or history of suicide attempts. This study sought to adapt the RFLS for use with emerging adult (age 18-25) college students, and to examine its factor structure and convergent validity with this population. First, a focus group was conducted to assist in rewording two Alaska Native-specific items from the RFLS for non-Natives. Then, with the additional items from the focus group, the revised version of the RFLS (RFLS-R) and other suicide-related measures were administered to a sample of 116 emerging adult college students. Exploratory factor analysis indicated a unidimensional factor structure for the RFLS-R with this sample. The RFLS-R showed a significant and strong correlation with the Reasons for Living Inventory (RLI; r = .70), which, like the RFLS-R, measures reasons for living but makes direct reference to suicide. There also were significant moderate negative correlations with the Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire - Revised (SBQ-R; r = -.36) and the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (ASIQ; r = -.29). There was a significant moderate correlation between the RFLSR and a measure of socially desirable responding, the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR; r = .31), with similar correlations found between the BIDR and other suicide-related measures included in this study. The results suggest that socially desirable responding did not strongly affect participants' responding or explain the associations found among the measures. The high correlation with the RLI suggests that the RFLS-R measures a similar construct, providing evidence of convergent validity; however, the RLI was more highly correlated with measures of suicidality than the RFLS-R -- suggesting that while the RFLS was moderately associated with measures of suicidality, it is a weaker predictor of suicide risk than the RLI. Although the RFLS-R was not as highly correlated with measures of suicidality as the RLI, which directly mentions suicide, the RFLS-R is the only known suicide measure that completely avoids items and instructions that mention suicide, therefore it may be useful in contexts where directly discussing suicide is not acceptable or appropriate.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsIntroduction -- Chapter 1 Literature Review -- 1.1 Suicide -- 1.11 Suicide in Alaska -- 1.12 Suicidality among emerging adult college students -- 1.13 Resilience and suicide risk -- 1.2 Reasons for Living Inventory -- 1.21 Brief Reasons for Living Inventory -- 1.22 College and adolescent versions of the RLI -- 1.221 Brief Reasons for Living Inventory for Adolescents -- 1.222 Reasons for Living Inventory for Adolescents -- 1.223 College Student Reasons for Living Inventory -- 1.224 Reasons for Living Inventory for Young Adults -- 1.23 Cultural Factors and the RLI -- 1.3 Reasons for Life Scale -- 1.4 Current Study -- Chapter 2 Study 1: Method -- 2.1 Participants -- 2.2 Procedure -- 2.3 Results -- Appendices -- Chapter 3 Study 2: Method -- 3.1 Participants -- 3.2 Procedure -- 3.3 Measures -- 3.31 Reasons for living -- 3.32 Reasons for life -- 3.33 Socially desirable response patterns -- 3.34 Suicidal ideation -- 3.35 Suicidal behavior -- 3.4 Statistical analyses -- 3.41 Data preparation -- 3.42 Factor structure of the RFLS-R -- 3.43 Sample size with EFA -- 3.44 Convergent validity -- 3.45 Mediation analyses -- Appendices -- Chapter 4 Results -- 4.1 Internal Structure of the RFLS-R -- 4.11 Sample suitability for factor analysis -- 4.12 Exploratory factor analysis -- 4.2 Convergent Validity -- 4.3 Mediation Analyses -- Chapter 5 Discussion -- 5.1 Functioning of Reworded RFLS Items -- 5.2 Factor Structure of the RFLS-R -- 5.3 Convergent Validity of the Reasons for Life Scale: Revised (RFLS-R) -- 5.31 Relationship with reasons for living -- 5.32 Relationship with suicide measures -- 5.33 Impact of socially desirable responding -- 5.4 Conclusions and Limitations -- References.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleA validity study of the reasons for life scale with emerging adult college studentsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreephden_US
dc.identifier.departmentProgram in Clinical-Community Psychologyen_US
dc.contributor.chairGonzalez, Vivian M.
dc.contributor.committeeSwift, Joshua K.
dc.contributor.committeeSkewes, Monica C.
dc.contributor.committeeAshdown, Brien K.
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-20T01:48:56Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Curns_uaf_0006E_10284.pdf
Size:
538.0Kb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record