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Paleohydrology of a catastrophic flood release from Okmok caldera and post-flood eruption history at Okmok Volcano, Umnak Island, Alaska

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dc.contributor.author Wolfe, Benjamin Alan
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-20T02:03:54Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-20T02:03:54Z
dc.date.issued 2001-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11122/6716
dc.description Thesis (M.S.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2001 en_US
dc.description.abstract Okmok caldera, located on the northeastern end of Umnak Island, Alaska, contained a 5.8 x 10⁹m³ lake that catastrophically drained as a result of failure of the 2050 yr. B.P. caldera rim between 1560 and 1010 yr. B.P. Flow competence equations, dam-break models, and the Simplified Dam-Break computer model were used to estimate the paleohydrology of the flood. Models indicate that the peak discharge at the breach in the caldera rim was at least 5.8 x 10⁴ m³/s, and the maximum possible discharge was 1.9 x 10⁶ m³/s. A second smaller flood release occurred 190 yr B.P., coinciding with the 1817 A.D. eruption, and destroyed a small Aleut village at Cape Tanak. Stratigraphic analysis reveals that Okmok Volcano has maintained a high level of volcanic activity following the large flood release. Major eruptive events producing air-fall tephra deposits average 1 every 80 years since 1010 yr. B.P. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.title Paleohydrology of a catastrophic flood release from Okmok caldera and post-flood eruption history at Okmok Volcano, Umnak Island, Alaska en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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