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dc.contributor.authorBenson, Emily R.
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-26T23:09:44Z
dc.date.available2016-10-26T23:09:44Z
dc.date.issued2010-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/6957
dc.descriptionThesis (M.S.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2010en_US
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the environmental drivers of river ecosystem metabolism and macroinvertebrate density in a sub-arctic river. Ecosystem metabolism is the combination of gross primary production and ecosystem respiration within a river. Aquatic macroinvertebrates link primary producers at the base of the food web with secondary consumers. The extent to which photosynthetically active radiation, discharge, and nutrients influence metabolism rates and how primary production and river discharge rates influence benthic macroinvertebrate densities in sub-arctic rivers is not clear. These processes ultimately help regulate prey resources available for upper level consumers such as juvenile salmon. I employed Random Forests model analyses to identify important predictor variables for primary production and respiration rates (estimated using the single-station diel oxygen method) at four sites in the Chena River, sub-arctic Alaska, throughout the summers of 2008 and 2009. I calculated Spearman correlations between nutrient levels and metabolism rates. I used Random Forests models to identify the variables important for predicting benthic macroinvertebrate density and biomass at the study sites. The models indicated that discharge and length of time between high water events were the most important variables measured for predicting metabolism rates. Discharge was identified as the most important variable for predicting benthic macroinvertebrate density and biomass. Phosphorus concentration was low (at times below the detection limit), while nitrogen concentration was more variable; the ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus was above the threshold for phosphorus limitation, suggesting that phosphorus may have been limiting primary production.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents1. Relationships between ecosystem metabolism, benthic macroinvertebrate densities, and environmental variables in a sub-arctic Alaskan river -- Summary -- Introduction -- Methods -- Study area -- Sampling regime -- Environmental variables -- Ecosystem metabolism -- Benthic macroinvertebrates -- Data analysis -- Results -- Environmental variables -- Ecosystem metabolism -- Benthic macroinvertebrates -- Discussion -- Metabolism and photosynthetically active radiation -- Metabolism and discharge -- Metabolism and nutrients -- Benthic macroinvertebrates and primary production rates -- Benthic macroinvertebrates and discharge -- Summary -- Conclusions -- References -- General conclusions -- References.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleRelationships between ecosystem metabolism, benthic macroinvertebrate densities, and environmental variables in a sub-Arctic Alaskan riveren_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreemsen_US
dc.identifier.departmentDepartment of Biology and Wildlifeen_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-05T13:45:19Z


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