• Academic, behavioral and social intervention strategies for elementary children with autistic spectrum disorder

      Flora, Kristin; Cook, Christine; Healy, Joanne; Henze-Nelson, Brenda (2013-12)
      Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience academic, behavioral and social challenges that can interfere with their ability to participate fully in the school environment. School districts are legally mandated to provide services to students with disabilities. This paper provides definitions of ASD, addresses some of the diagnostic testing instruments, describes theoretical approaches, and looks at three evidence-based intervention strategies that could be utilized by a school counselor and staff members to work effectively with students with autism. The first is applied behavioral analysis (ABA) which centers on teaching small, measurable units of behavior systematically. The second intervention is assistive technology (AT) which is comprised of devices that allow a student full access to their learning environment. This can be accomplished through the use of computers (high) or a modified chair (low). The third intervention is Positive Behavioral Intervention Supports (PBIS) which incorporates a schoolwide approach to fostering a healthy and positive environment for students to role-model and practice appropriate behavior for their peers and adults. The final piece included is a districtwide school in-service to provide information to staff about local, state and national resources available to them.
    • Addressing the health needs of patients diagnosed with a chronic disease in a rural Alberta, Canada primary care setting

      Hesterman, Samantha J.; Gifford, Valerie; Renes, Susan; Kritzinger, Irma (2019-08)
      This comprehensive literature review presents findings associated with the need for more mental health support in rural Alberta. Integrated care with a behavioral health consultant (BHC) presents as a possible solution. Peer-reviewed literature indicates that rural residents are at a higher risk of suicide, substance abuse, depression, and other serious mental health concerns. They are often at a disadvantage when trying to access mental health support, and over 40% of patients with mental health needs will first seek treatment in a primary care setting. Positive mental health and positive health care outcomes are strongly linked to an individual’s total health, and a contributing factor to mental health concerns is the overwhelming number of people who have been diagnosed with a chronic disease. Integrated care with a BHC could help support both primary care providers and their patients by combining the professional competencies of mental health and primary care providers
    • Addressing the needs of adolescents: an exploration of treatment interventions for anxiety disorders

      Lunceford, Carolyn; Renes, Susan L.; Simpson, Joni A.; Gifford, Valerie M. (2016)
      This project explores various cognitive behavioral techniques that may be used for the treatment of anxiety disorders in adolescents. Many adolescents experience anxiety disorders and providing treatment can be challenging. Mindfulness, relaxation, exposure, and music have all been shown to be useful techniques. Short-term treatment, incentives, and parental involvement were also found to be useful. The value of friendships, level of motivation, and drive towards independence should be taken into consideration when working with adolescents. This project includes a curriculum intended for small groups of adolescents with the goal of improving anxiety symptoms. The curriculum will assist counselors in both in-patient and out-patient settings as well as provide resources for middle and high school counselors.
    • Alaska Iñupiaq skin-sewing designs: a portal into cultural identity

      Topkok, Amelia Katherine Ahnaughuq (2018-05)
      What it means to be an Indigenous person in the 21st century is a powerful and moving experience, and how we explore our own identity is up to us. Access to differing worldviews through printed literature and academia give a largely non-Indigenous viewpoint and inaccurate impressions of what it means to be "Iñupiaq." Indigenous education programs throughout the world, however, are emerging and emphasize personal views of individuals, creating a window into their worldview. Recognizing these worldviews validate Indigenous knowledge and allows this knowledge to be brought into arenas previously thought to be only relevant through Western knowledge. We all are human; we learn in many different ways, and through relationships and cultural training, we create and redefine our identity through experiential learning. Revealing skin sewers' perspectives of themselves, their values, and ways they express cultural identity is part of my research. Examining personal family history and other sources exploring Iñupiaq perspectives of women (or men if found) and their skin-sewn garments, demonstrates how these garments serve as cultural icons of "being Iñupiaq." Part of their story is learning who their mentors are, how were they influenced by Iñupiaq values, and the role of garments representing identity. There are varying reasons of what it means to be Iñupiaq: ideals, values, and human bonds exist between the creator and the wearer of skin-sewn garments.
    • Alaska Native civics & government high school curriculum

      Wassillie, Katya (2017-05)
      This curriculum document provides an outline for teaching important subject matter related to Alaska Native civics and government to high school students in Alaska. The development of this document was inspired by the current deficit of these subjects in Alaskan high school curricula statewide. This subject matter is highly relevant to Alaskan students, particularly Alaska Native students, in that it covers historical events, themes, and other topics that have direct application to their lives and/or adds to their understanding of social, political, and legal structures that surround them. Learning about the topics included in this curriculum will prepare Alaska Native high school students for leadership and involvement in institutions and organizations within their communities and statewide, such as Alaska Native corporations and tribal governments. Non-Alaska Native high school students will also benefit from a greater understanding of this history and these institutions that are major components of Alaskan society. The subject matter is organized into six broad content areas, labeled "units." Each unit includes several specific content areas, labeled "lessons," that fall under the broader unit topic. The main component of each lesson is the learning objectives for students. This document does not provide materials or instructions for teaching the subject matter, but is meant to serve as a guide for educators to use in building lesson plans. However, ideas and suggestions for developing lesson plans have been included within each lesson as resources for educators. Six educational videos based on each of the unit topics in the curriculum have also been developed as resources for educators, along with a list of books, videos, articles, and websites that cover information related to the curriculum subject matter. Unfortunately, textbooks and other teaching materials for this curriculum do not yet exist, but much of the information and resources needed to implement this curriculum are available on the Internet, many of which have been listed in the database provided with this document. Lastly, because the subject matter included in this curriculum document is both extensive and complex, it is suggested that this curriculum be taught throughout the course of an academic year.
    • Alaska native studies unit for fourth grade using place-based education, project-based learning, cooperative learning and indigenous knowledge

      Thompson, Katy Celeste; Vinlove, Amy L; Topkok, Sean S; Green, Carie J (2019-08)
      As a fourth-grade educator who was responsible for teaching social studies, specifically meeting the Alaska Standards that focus on Alaska’s history of Indigenous peoples it is incredibly important that I teach accurately and genuinely. This has been a weak area of mine, since I am not from the state of Alaska. Therefore, it is an area that I wanted to further develop in my teaching practices. I developed an integrated social studies quarter long (nine weeks) unit for fourth grade that focuses on the history of Alaska from the Indigenous viewpoint. There are countless atrocities that occurred to the Indigenous population of Alaska that often get brushed under the rug. It is a disservice to not educate my students on these things. Another issue when teaching Alaska history and culture is that stereotypes and biases are often unintentionally taught as well. It is necessary that I understand my own perceptions and beliefs as a White female with little exposure and understanding of Alaska Native culture and education. Being a white female puts me in a position where I am not able to share my own experiences and knowledge as someone who is Alaska Native and grew up with the culture and language, because of this I needed to seek resources outside of myself to be able to accurately and relevantly teach a unit on Alaska Native history, knowledge and culture. I included place-based learning, cooperative learning and project-based lessons into my unit which allows students to explore the local environment and incorporate Alaska Native knowledge. This unit goes beyond social studies, because teaching must be open and welcoming to diversity and differences. Classrooms must be accepting and understanding so that students feel safe to share their own knowledge and stories with one another, and listen with respect and kindness
    • Alaska pretrial project proposal: organizational structure change to incorporate a mental health focus

      Gabriel, Anna (2018)
      The Pretrial Enforcement Division (PED) for the Alaska Department of Corrections (DOC) came into operation on January 1, 2018. PED emerged out of senate bill ninety-one (91) in hopes to reduce incarceration population, and the overall costs of corrections to the state. In response to the new division, a closer look at how this may or may not affect the prison population with behavioral health needs is analyzed. DOC is the number one mental health provider in the state, and often individuals with behavioral health needs are incarcerated longer than those without. With the proposal of assessing all defendants prior to initial arraignment for behavioral health needs, and making referrals to identified community providers, it is hopeful that this can be mitigated. Pretrial supervision for those with identified needs will include Pretrial Enforcement Officers (PEO) to handle specialized caseloads, Crisis Intervention Training (CIT), community behavioral health services, and access to social services.
    • Alaska Review compendium

      Schmidt, Angela J.; Cole, Terrence; Ehrlander, Mary; Prince, Robert (2015)
    • Alaska sea energy: a guide for hydroponic development

      Blair-Madrid, Daniel; Stern, Charlene; Black, Jessica; Hutto, Will (2020-12)
      This guide has been created to help those unfamiliar with the benefits of growing food with hydroponics to gain a deeper understanding of how such techniques can help rural communities with issues of food sovereignty and provide healthy fresh food through every season. It also includes input from communities participating in the project. Rural coastal communities in particular have a unique opportunity of combining both hydroponic techniques and ocean-based fertilization to maximize sustainable food production, thereby reducing reliance on imported food. The instructions contained within this guide will describe various types of hydroponic systems, recommendations for equipment, and how to address challenges that can arise from each system. Each system may have certain advantages and disadvantages depending upon the needs of the grower.
    • Alaskan school counseling: a career guidance and exploration curriculum for third through sixth grade students

      Bussa, Sarah (2015)
      This project reviews the existing literature on career development in children, and demonstrates the importance of school counselors facilitating career exploration and development with students of an elementary age. Although research suggests career development begins in childhood, and the American School Counselor Association and Alaska School Counselor Association require a career component to school counseling programs, few resources are available to elementary school counselors for developing an effective career curriculum. School counselors working with kindergarten through second grade students can reference An Alaskan Career Education Curriculum for Grades Kindergarten to Second (Zanazzo, 2014) for support in developing career lessons for younger elementary students. This project aims to provide Alaskan school counselors with a curricular resource to assist in the creation of a career curriculum that guides third through sixth grade students in career development.
    • Alaskan school counseling: child sexual abuse curriculum for kindergarten through second grade students

      Weaver, Kristy; Cook, Christine; Morotti, Allan; McMorrow, Samantha (2016)
      This project reviews Erin's Law, a new law passed in Alaska, which requires all school districts to implement a prevention oriented child sexual abuse program in their schools. Existing literature on effective components of school-based child sexual abuse prevention programs is reviewed. Alaskan school counselors will benefit from information regarding child sexual abuse, a list of existing school-based child sexual abuse prevention programs that meet the requirements of Erin's Law, and a set of child sexual abuse prevention lessons relevant for students in grades K-2.
    • Alkali-surfactant-polymer (ASP) flooding - potential and simulation for Alaskan North Slope reservoir

      Ghorpade, Tejas S. (2014-09)
      Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is essential to recover bypassed oil and improve recovery factor. Alkaline-surfactant-polymer (ASP) flooding is a chemical EOR method that can be used to recover heavy oil containing organic acids from sandstone formations. It involves injection of alkali to generate in situ surfactants, improve sweep efficiency, and reduce interfacial tension (IFT) between displacing and displaced phase, and injection of a polymer to improve mobility ratio; typically, it is followed by extended waterflooding. The concentration of alkali, surfactant, and polymer used in the process depends on oil type, salinity of solution, pressure, temperature of the reservoir, and injection water quality. This project evaluates the effect of waterflooding on recovery, calculates the recovery factor for ASP flooding, and optimum concentration of alkali, surfactant, and polymer for an Alaskan reservoir. Also, the effects of waterflooding and improvement with ASP flooding are evaluated and compared. Studies of these effects on oil recovery were analyzed with a Computer Modeling Group (CMG)-generated model for the Alaskan North Slope (ANS) reservoir. Based on a literature review and screening criteria, the Western North Slope (WNS) 1 reservoir was selected for the ASP process. A CMG - WinProp simulator was used to create a fluid model and regression was carried out with the help of actual field data. The CMG - WinProp model was prepared with a 5 spot well injection pattern using the CMG STARS simulator. Simulation runs conducted for primary and waterflooding processes showed that the recovery factor increased from 3% due to primary recovery to 45% due to waterflooding at 500 psi drawdown for 60 years with a constant producing gas oil ratio (GOR). ASP flooding was conducted to increase recovery further, and optimum ASP parameters were calculated for maximum recovery. Also, effect of alkali, surfactant and polymer on recovery was observed and compared with ASP flood. If proved effective, the use of ASP chemicals for ANS reservoirs to increase the recovery factor could replace current miscible gas injection with chemical EOR. It will help to develop chemical flooding processes for heavier crude oil produced in harsh environments and create new horizons for chemical industries in Alaska.
    • Alternative project delivery in rural Alaska: experiences, quality and claims

      Monta, Katrina L.; Pehrson, Gerald S.; Cryer, Matthew N. (2015-12)
      The popularity of alternative project delivery systems has expanded beyond the private sector and into the public sector. Alaska embodies unique challenges that may present obstacles while using alternative project delivery systems. This analysis will provide an understanding of alternative project delivery systems in Alaska and how local experiences, quality and claims are affected. Alaska's unique characteristics present both challenges and opportunities for implementing alternative project delivery systems. This report begins with a discussion of experiences from several rural Alaska projects, and how alternative project delivery systems can be utilized. Some impacts that alternative project delivery systems have on quality are then presented, including a perspective on quality and recommendations for achieving customer satisfaction. A treatment of construction claims is then provided, followed by conclusions and recommendations for stakeholders in selecting an appropriate project delivery system. Alternative project delivery systems were researched by means of scholarly literature reviews, professional interviews and seminars. The report of these findings is intended to provide owners and contractors with a concise presentation of the challenges and advantages for using alternative project delivery systems in Alaska.
    • Analysis and evaluation of fragment size distributions in rock blasting at the Erdenet Mine

      Dondov, Erdenebaatar; Дондов, Эрдэнэбаатар; Chen, Gang; Ghosh, Tathagata; Ganguli, Rajive (2015-08)
      Rock blasting is one of the most important operations in mining. It significantly affects the subsequent comminution processes and, therefore, is critical to successful mining productions. In this study, for the evaluation of the blasting performance at the Erdenet Mine, we analyzed rock fragment size distributions with the digital image processing method. The uniformities of rock fragments and the mean fragment sizes were determined and applied in the Kuz-Ram model. Statistical prediction models were also developed based on the field measured parameters. The results were compared with the Kuz-Ram model predictions and the digital image processing measurements. A total of twenty-eight images from eleven blasting patterns were processed, and rock size distributions were determined by Split-Desktop program in this study. Based on the rock mass and explosive properties and the blasting parameters, the rock fragment size distributions were also determined with the Kuz-Ram model and compared with the measurements by digital image processing. Furthermore, in order to improve the prediction of rock fragment size distributions at the mine, regression analyses were conducted and statistical models w ere developed for the estimation of the uniformity and characteristic size. The results indicated that there were discrepancies between the digital image measurements and those estimated by the Kuz-Ram model. The uniformity indices of image processing measurements varied from 0.76 to 1.90, while those estimate by the Kuz-Ram model were from 1.07 to 1.13. The mean fragment size of the Kuz-Ram model prediction was 97.59% greater than the mean fragment size of the image processing. The multivariate nonlinear regression analyses conducted in this study indicated that rock uniaxial compressive strength and elastic modulus, explosive energy input in the blasting, bench height to burden ratio and blast area per hole were significant predictor variables in determining the fragment characteristic size and the uniformity index. The regression models developed based on the above predictor variables showed much closer agreement with the measurements.
    • Analysis of cation-treated clay microstructure using zeta potential and x-ray diffraction

      Guo, Rui; Darrow, Margaret .; Metz, Paul A.; Trainor, Thomas P. (2018-12)
      Unfrozen water within cation-treated, fine-grained frozen soils is a key element in cold regions engineering, and is heavily influenced by the surface charge of the soil's clay component. This study investigated the effects of the surface charge of cation-treated clay soils by measuring the zeta potential as a function of temperature, and measuring changes in the micro-structure of frozen cation-treated clays using the x-ray diffraction (XRD) method. I tested five treatments (untreated, and Ca²⁺, Mg²⁺, Na⁺, and K⁺ treatments) of six soils (montmorillonite, kaolinite, illite, illite-smectite, chlorite, and Copper River soil). The zeta potential demonstrated a negative relationship with temperature change for both above-freezing and sub-freezing conditions (-1 to 20 °C). Temperature had a greater effect on the monovalent-treated soils that contain smectite minerals, which included montmorillonite, illite-smectite, and the Copper River soil. Monovalent cation-treated soils demonstrated large negative trends and more negative zeta potential, whereas divalent cation-treated soils demonstrated less negative trends that were less dependent on temperature. The cation treatment will affect the Debye-length, also affecting the zeta potential and arrangement of clay particles. More negative zeta potential (i.e., soil dominated by monovalent cations) will lead to a dispersed structure, whereas less negative zeta potential (i.e., soil dominated by divalent cations) will lead to a flocculated structure. XRD research indicated that the montmorillonite samples demonstrated decreased dspacing compared with the International Center for Diffraction Data (ICDD) standard. The K⁺- treated montmorillonite, untreated montmorillonite, and untreated illite-smectite samples demonstrated donut-shaped pole figure results, which may indicate that the results are an artifact of sample preparation rather than a reflection of the cation effects on the structure of the clay. Improved could be made in sample preparation to eliminate ice lens formation during freezing, which may improve the success with the XRD method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) should be used to observe the frozen clays, especially montmorillonite, illite-smectite, and the Copper River soil, as it may reveal the internal geometry of voids and the possible relationship between ice and the clay structure, increasing our understanding of the clay structure at the microaggregate scale.
    • Analysis of GNAC Volleyball using the Bradley-Terry Model

      Karwoski, Daniel; Short, Margaret; Goddard, Scott; McIntyre, Julie; Barry, Ron (2020-05)
      Ranking is the process by which a set of objects is assigned a linear ordering based on some property that they possess. Not surprisingly, there are many different methods of ranking used in a wide array of diverse applications; ranking plays a vital role in sports analysis, preference testing, search engine optimization, psychological research, and many other areas. One of the more popular ranking models is Bradley-Terry, which is a type of aggregation ranking that has been used mostly within the realm of sports. Bradley-Terry uses the outcome of individual matchups (paired-comparisons) to create rankings using maximum-likelihood estimation. This project aims to briefly examine the motivation for modeling sporting events, review the history of ranking and aggregation-ranking, communicate the mathematical theory behind the Bradley-Terry model, and apply the model to a novel volleyball dataset.
    • Analysis of ground source heat pumps in sub-Arctic conditions

      Bishop, Stephen; Peterson, Rorik; Daanen, Ronald; Shur, Yuri (2014-05)
      The Purpose of this project is to investigate the factors involved in the application of a ground source heat pump in subarctic conditions. This project originated with the construction of a ground source heat pump (GSHP) built at Cold Climate Housing Research Center's (CCHRC) Research Testing Facility. The GSHP built by CCHRC is an experiment to test the viability of a GSHP with different surface coverings. Specifically, this project will focus on different soil and atmospheric properties to gauge their effect on a GSHP in sub-arctic conditions. The project is primarily broken into 3 main sections which test in simulation: the effects of soil and atmospheric properties on heat flow into soil, the effects of these properties on a hypothetical GSHP and applying this to a simulation of CCHRC's GSHP. Additionally, some mitigation efforts were attem pted in simulation to improve the viability of the GSHP built by CCHRC.
    • Analysis of IPR curves in North Slope horizontal producers supported by waterflood and water alternating gas EOR processes

      Abel, Alan; Awoleke, Obadare; Zhang, Yin; Dandekar, Abhijit (2019-05)
      The shape and behavior of IPR curves in waterflooded reservoirs has not previously been defined despite their common use for optimization activities in such systems. This work begins to define the behavior of IPR curves in both water flood and water‐alternating‐gas EOR systems using a fine scale model of the Alpine A‐sand. The behavior of IPRs is extended to 3 additional reservoir systems with differing mobility ratios. Traditionally derived (Vogel, Fetkovich) IPR curves are found to be poor representations of well performance and are shown to lead to non‐optimal gas lift allocations in compression limited production networks. Additionally, the seemingly trivial solution to gas lift optimization in an unconstrained system is shown to be more complex than simply minimizing the bottom hole pressure of the producing well; maximized economic value is achieved at FBHPs greater than zero psi.
    • An analysis of one community in the far north Simply Core Alaska: a case study beyond the studio

      Main, Emily Kathryn; Ehrlander, Mary F.; Cole, Terrence; Plumb, Veronica M. (2017-05)
      Alaska is a vast and starkly diverse land. One could argue that communities throughout the state share as many differences as similarities. Yet, each reflects humans' need for social interaction and our reliance on one another for physical, mental and emotional well-being. This project hypothesizes that here in the far north, family and community are particularly important to mental and emotional well-being. In a region where winters are long, cold and dark, and where individuals, especially non-Native Alaskans, often live far from their birth families and communities, we tend to form virtual families or communities to fulfill our need for close-knit social units. I hypothesize that one community in the far north, known as Simply Core Alaska serves as a family-community-like unit for Individuals. While Simply Core is a group fitness class, my hypothesis grew from my belief that it is more than an exercise class based on my own personal experiences as a transplant to Alaska. Simply Core Alaska reflects a frontier community culture wherein members warm up to one another quickly, accept one another regardless of fitness levels, and support one another through personal struggles. This Project explores Alaskans' need for community, considering the experiences of Indigenous individuals and transplants like myself. Chapter One, illustrates that from the beginning of time, community has been essential to the survival of Alaska Natives. Chapter Two introduces Melodee Morris, founder and creator of Simply Core Alaska's program of simultaneous physical and mental fitness. Chapter Three presents survey data from Core participants. The final chapters synthesize findings from interviews and spontaneous conversations with Core participants to analyze Simply Core Alaska's value and meaning both individually and collectively.
    • Analysis of steel-reinforced concrete-filled steel tube columns (CFT) under axial compression and moment

      Li, Fei (2015)
      This study presents an investigation into the behavior of steel-reinforced concrete filled steel tubular columns (CFT) using the finite element software ABAQUS. The steel tube provides lateral confinement to the concrete core which results in an increased concrete compressive strength and deformation capacity. The concrete infill, in return, prevents the inward local buckling within steel tubes. The axial load bearing capacity of CFT is thus higher than the summation of axial load-bearing capacities of the concrete core and the hollow steel tube. The axial force P and moment M interaction diagram is generated.