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dc.contributor.authorMontazeri Djouybari, Naim
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T01:01:24Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T01:01:24Z
dc.date.issued2011-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/7362
dc.descriptionThesis (M.S.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2011en_US
dc.description.abstractListeria monocytogenes, the causative agent of listeriosis can contaminate cold smoked salmon (CSS) and make it a high-risk ready-to-eat food product. Due to the lack of a critical control point in the cold-smoking process, a post-process elimination is essential to ensure product safety. The goal of this project was to improve safety of vacuum-packaged CSS supplemented with commercially refined liquid smoke (LS). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis showed the LS were high in carbonyl containing compounds and low in phenol derivatives. The LS (AM-10 and AM-3) producing the greatest inhibition against L. innocua in a paper disk diffusion assay were applied to the CSS strips at 1% (v/w). The CSS were inoculated with L. innocua, vacuum packaged, and stored at 4°C. Addition of LS imparted a listericidal effect with a 2-log reduction by day 14, and no growth up to 35 days of storage. For the sensory evaluation, AM-3 was selected for its slightly stronger listericidal activity. A simple difference sensory test including 180 untrained assessors showed the overall sensorial quality of CSS was not influenced by the addition of the LS. The present study recommends refined LS as a suitable antilisterial supplement to CSS.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents1. General introduction -- 1.1. Justification and need -- 1.2. Smoking of seafood -- 1.3. Basic quality aspects of smoked seafood -- 1.4. Liquid smoke -- 1.4.1. Quality and safety of liquid seafood -- 1.4.1.1. Nonmicrobial aspects -- 1.4.1.2. Microbial aspects -- 1.4.3. Regulations -- 1.5. Listeria monocytogenes in smoked seafood -- 1.5. Listeria monocytogenes in smoked seafood -- 1.5.1. Characteristics of Listeria and listeriosis as related to smoked seafood -- 1.5.2. Regulations -- 1.5.3. Preventing Listeria monocytogenes contamination of cold-smoked salmon -- 1.5.4. Controlling the growth of Listeria monocytogenes in cold-smoked salmon -- 1.6. Antilisterial activity of liquid smoke -- 1.7. Commercial applications of liquid smokes to cold-smoked salmon -- 1.8. Research goal and objectives -- 1.9. References -- 2. Chemical characterization of commercially refined liquid smokes -- 2.1. Abstract -- 2.2. Introduction -- 2.3. Material and methods -- 2.3.1. Liquid smokes -- 2.3.2. Color -- 2.3.3. pH and titratable acidity (TA) -- 2.3.4. Total phenol content (TPC) -- 2.3.5. Extraction of volatile and semi-volatile compounds in LS -- 2.3.6. Separation, identification and qualification of volatile and semi-volatile compounds in LS -- 2.4. Results and discussion -- 2.4.1. Color -- 2.4.2. pH and titratable acidity (TA) -- 2.4.3. Total phenol content (TPC) -- 2.4.4. Volatile and semi-volatile compounds in LS -- 2.4.4.1. Phenolic compounds -- 2.4.4.2. Aldehydes and ketones -- 2.4.4.3. Furans and pyrans -- 2.4.4.4. Organic acids -- 2.4.4.5. Other compounds -- 2.5. Abbreviations used -- 2.6. Acknowledgements -- 2.7. Literature cited -- 3. Refined liquid smoke: a potential antilisterial supplement to cold-smoked sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) -- 3.1. Abstract -- 3.2. Material and methods -- 3.2.1. Liquid smokes -- 3.2.2. Inoculum preparation -- 3.2.3. In vitro testing of LS -- 3.2.4. Salmon -- 3.2.5. Cold-smoked salmon (CSS) -- 3.2.6. Inoculated CSS -- 3.2.7. Microbiological analyses -- 3.2.8. Chemical and color analysis -- 3.2.9. CSS preparation for sensory evaluation -- 3.2.10. Statistical analyses -- 3.3. Results and discussion -- 3.3.1. In vitro LS analysis -- 3.3.2. Nonmicrobial analyses -- 3.3.3. Microbial analyses -- 3.3.4. Sensory evaluation -- 3.4. Acknowledgements -- 3.5. References -- 4. General conclusion -- Appendices.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleRefined liquid smoke: a potential antilisterial supplement to cold-smoked sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka)en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreemsen_US
dc.identifier.departmentInterdisciplinary Program in Seafood Science and Nutritionen_US
dc.contributor.chairOliveira, Alexandra
dc.contributor.chairHimelbloom, Brian
dc.contributor.committeeCrapo, Charles
dc.contributor.committeeLeigh, Mary Beth
refterms.dateFOA2020-01-25T02:09:26Z


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