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dc.contributor.authorTopp, Carrie M.
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-20T01:03:53Z
dc.date.available2017-06-20T01:03:53Z
dc.date.issued2008-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/7672
dc.descriptionThesis (M.S.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2008en_US
dc.description.abstractComparative genetic studies of geographically co-occurring species can lend insight into current and historic relationships among populations and species. This enables examination of similarities and differences among species and provides information about historic processes leading to current genetic and geographic distributions. I used this approach to study two different types of avian co-distribution: island endemism and transcontinental ranges. The Queen Charlotte Islands (QCI), Canada, have many endemic subspecies; historically it may have been a glacial refugium. I used genetic analyses to determine subspecies uniqueness and to identify units of conservation for five species, four with endemic QCI subspecies. I found that QCI populations were genetically differentiated from mainland populations, although each species had a different isolation history, and that QCI is an important area for avian conservation and management. East-to-west genetic splits across North America are seen in vertebrates and may be the result of Pleistocene glacial cycles. Five migratory thrushes successfully colonized northern North America. They have overlapping transcontinental ranges and similar ecological niches in woodland communities. I used genetics to determine how these thrushes established continent-wide ranges. Despite their ecological and distributional similarities these five thrush species had different patterns of colonization across North America.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents1. Genetic patterns of differentiation among five landbird species from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia -- 1.1. Abstract -- 1.2. Introduction -- 1.3. Methods -- Sampling -- Mitochondrial DNA -- Phyogenetic analyses -- Population structure and differentiation -- Divergence levels -- 1.4. Results -- Haplotype variation and networks -- Phylogenetic patterns -- Genetic differentiation -- Divergence levels -- 1.5. Discussion -- Differentiation -- Patterns across species -- Conservation and management -- 1.6. Acknowledgements -- 1.7. Literature cited -- Figures -- Tables -- Appendix I -- 2. How migratory thrushes conquered northern North America : a community genetics approach -- 2.1. Abstract -- 2.2. Introduction -- 2.3. Methods -- Sampling and mtDNA sequencing -- Summary statistics and haplotype networks -- Phylogenetic analysis -- Historic population changes -- Coalescent analyses -- Testing divergence hypotheses -- 2.4. Results -- Genetic variation -- Phylogenetic patterns -- Historic population changes -- Coalescent analyses -- Testing divergence hypotheses -- 2.5. Discussion -- Colonization of North America -- Patterns shared with other vertebrates -- Divergences among thrushes -- Conclusion -- 2.6. Acknowledgements -- 2.7. Literature cited -- Figures -- Tables -- Appendix 2 -- Conclusions -- Island endemics -- Transcontinental ranges.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectForest birdsen_US
dc.subjectBritish Columbiaen_US
dc.subjectHaida Gwaiien_US
dc.subjectCytogeneticsen_US
dc.subjectThrushesen_US
dc.subjectNorth Americaen_US
dc.subjectAmerican robinen_US
dc.titleGeographic distribution of genetic variation in ten species of North American forest birds: island endemism and transcontinental rangesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreemsen_US
dc.identifier.departmentDepartment of Biology and Wildlifeen_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-01-25T02:04:40Z


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