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dc.contributor.authorWithrow, Jack J.
dc.descriptionThesis (M.S.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2013en_US
dc.description.abstractI investigated and characterized the divergence of two pairs of putatively young, high-latitude, migratory bird taxa with data from mitochondria) and nuclear DNA. I chose pairs exhibiting natural history attributes suggesting divergence scenarios that probably did not involve strict allopatry. First, I examined Pluvialis dominica and P. fulva, migratory plover species with a largely parapatric breeding range in Beringia. Secondly, I examined Aegolius acadicus acadicus and A. a. brooksi, a subspecies pair of owls where one subspecies (brooksi) is endemic to Haida Gwaii, Canada, a location where subspecies acadicus occurs during migration, resulting in cyclic sympatry (heteropatry) with brooksi. Using mtDNA sequence data and AFLPs I made inferences about population parameters, inferred the likely number of populations, and sought evidence of selection. Gene flow was very low in both pairs. The plovers are much older than was anticipated (1.8 Mybp), although hybridization does occur. Evidence for parapatric or speciation with gene flow scenarios was not found in the plovers, perhaps because the speciation event occurred far in the past. The owl's divergence date was relatively young (~16,000 ybp). Some evidence was found suggesting that heteropatric divergence contributed to the owl's differentiation, although the process could also have reinforced differences acquired largely in allopatry.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents1. Speciation in the migratory shorebird lineage, the Pluvialis domina-fulva complex -- 1.1. Abstract -- 1.2. Introduction -- 1.3. Materials and methods -- 1.3.1. Mitochondrial sequence data and sampling -- 1.3.2. Amplified fragment length polymorphisms data and sampling -- 1.3.3. Genetic differentiation and population structure -- 1.3.4. Divergence time, effective population size, and gene flow -- 1.3.5. Genetic diversity and selection -- 1.4. Results -- Genetic differentiation and population structure --1.4.2. Divergence time, effective population size, and gene flow -- 1.4.3. Genetic diversity and selection -- 1.5. Discussion -- 1.6. Literature cited -- Appendix 1.A. -- Appendix 1.B. -- 2. Heteropatric differentiation in the Haida Gwaii owl, Aegolius acadicus brooksi -- 2.1. Abstract -- 2.2. Introduction -- 2.3. Materials and methods -- 2.3.1. Mitocholdrial sequence data and sampling -- 2.3.2. Amplified fragment length polymorphisms data and sampling -- 2.3.3. Genetic differentiation and population structure -- 2.3.4. Divergence time, effective population size, and gene flow -- 2.3.5. Genetic diversity and selection -- 2.4. Results -- 2.4.1. Genetic differentiation and population structure -- 2.4.2. Divergence time, effective population size, and gene flow -- 2.4.3. Genetic diversity and selection -- 2.5. Discussion -- 2.6. Literature cited -- Appendix 2.A. -- Appendix 2.B. -- General conclusion.en_US
dc.subjectAmerican golden ploveren_US
dc.subjectBering Sea Coasten_US
dc.subjectRussia (Federation)en_US
dc.subjectPacific golden ploveren_US
dc.subjectNorthern saw-whet owlen_US
dc.subjectBritish Columbiaen_US
dc.subjectHaida Gwaiien_US
dc.titleSpeciation genetics in two pairs of high-latitude, migratory bird taxaen_US
dc.identifier.departmentDepartment of Biology and Wildlifeen_US
dc.contributor.chairWinker, Kevin
dc.contributor.committeeHundertmark, Kris
dc.contributor.committeeTakebayashi, Naoki

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    Includes WIldlife Biology and other Biological Sciences. For Marine Biology see the Marine Sciences collection.

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