Browsing Community Center for Environmentally Sustainable Transportation in Cold Climates (CESTiCC) Publications by Subject "AASHTO"
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Pre-Stress Loss Due to Creep in Precast Concrete Decked Bulb-Tee Girders Under Cold Climate ConditionsAccurate estimation of pre-stress losses is one of the important issues for the design of precast, pre-stressed concrete bridge girders. While this subject has been long studied by many researchers, studies on pre-stress losses in cold climates are minimal. In the present research, long-term pre-stress loss due to concrete creep was studied based on concrete creep test. Two concrete creep test frames were fabricated and placed indoors and outdoors. Concrete strains were measured by Demountable Mechanical Strain Gauge (DEMEC) from two 612 high-strength concrete cylinders in each frame. The concrete strains were collected for 11 months (7/26/2017 – 6/21/2018) after loading, and outdoor ambient temperature dropped below 0C between 100 and 250 days. Between 50 and 100 days, two curves from the two frames are similar in their patterns and values. After 100 days, the total strain from the indoor frame slowly increased reaching 1,600 and 1,700 after 250 days. However, the total strain from the outdoor frame varied between 1,000 and 1,500 and the averaged total strain was 1,300 after 250 days. In cold temperature, the occurrence of concrete creep and shrinkage was suppressed.