Browsing University of Alaska Fairbanks by Subject "Farming"
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Farming in Alaska.An analysis of commercial farming in Alaska has long been needed. This report may supply helpful information. It spans the yea rs from 1949 to 1954, a time of rapid development and growth. T he study analyzes detailed information supplied by 75 to 85 farmers in the Matanuska Valley and by 15 to 30 others in the Tanana Valley. In 1952, records were also obtained from 19 farmers in the Kenai Peninsula. These record s are estimated to cover about 60 per cent of all commercial farming activity in these particular areas during the period. Information on farming in areas outside the Kenai Peninsula and the Railbelt was gathered from mailed questionnaires supplemented by personal observations. Data for 1949 and 1950 were collected by Clarence A. Moore and were first summarized in his Mimeographed Circular 1, Alaska Farms : Organization and Practices in 1949, and Bulletin 14, Farming in the Matanuska and Tanana Valleys of A laska, both published by the Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station. The authors are grateful to the farmers, agencies and others whose help made this work possible.
Growing Sweetcorn in Alaska's Cool EnvironmentsSweet corn can be grown in Alaska's cool environments by employing clear polyethylene mulch to raise soil temperatures. Rows should be run north and south, spaced about 5 feet apart for 4-foot wide mulch. Weeds can be controlled under clear polyethylene mulch by spraying with atrazine after seeding and before mulching.
Performance of 127 Potato Varieties in Alaska, 1951-1959Potato varieties familiar to growers in other states behave differently when grown in this northern region. Geologically young soils, low soil temperatures, low moisture and many hours of daylight during the growing season provide an environment different from that in which many potato varieties were originally evaluated. The purpose of this bulletin is to show how potato varieties respond when grown in Alaska. It also describes and illustrates desirable and undesirable features of those varieties evaluated in Alaska. Of 127 varieties grown in the Matanuska and Tanana* valleys, only six are reooiiiD8nded. Two of these were developed especially for Alaska. Three other special purpose potatoes are also described. A condition unique to Alaska is its relative freedom from insects and diseases. Because of this nearly pest-tree environment, pesticide foliage sprays and dusts have not been used. Abnormalities of potato tops and tubers have been a response to local environmental conditions or to viruses contained in the seed pieces. Although vine growth habits are important, little mention is made of them. Vines of most imported patatoes conform quite well to descriptions published when a particular potato was originally introduced. The vine characteristics of healthy plants have been very uniform within varieties. Disease response is mentioned only when a variety shows marked resistance or susceptibility.
Performance of Fifty-Five Potato Varieties in Alaska's Matanuska Valley.This bulletin reports the results of potato variety trials conducted at the Matanuska Experiment Station during 1948, 1949, 1950, and 1951. They were conducted for the purpose of determining the value of the more common commercial seedlings, for culture in Alaska or for use as parental material in potato breeding. The publication of the results of these tests has been unavoidably delayed. They are being published now, however, because the information they contain is as pertinent as it was at the time the tests were conducted and of as great value to growers, potato buyers and other research workers. Arctic Seedling was at that time - and still is - the most commonly grown variety in Alaska. Several serious defects detract from its popularity with the public, with buyers and with growers. It is late maturing and frequently fails to mature its tubers in certain growing areas. Its large tops interfere with cultural and harvesting operations and the thin skin of the tubers feathers badly in handling. When grown on some soils, at least, the flesh of the tubers tends to darken on cooking.