• Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 05, No. 01 (December 1926)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1926-12-01
    • A Bibliography of Alaskan Literature: 1724-1924

      Wickersham, James (Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1927)
      This volume is supposed to contain a complete list of the titles of all printed books of history, travels, voyages, newspapers, periodicals, and public documents, in English, Russian, German, French, Spanish, etc., relating to, descriptive of, or published in Russian-America, now called Alaska, from 1724 to and including 1924. With the exception of the Introduction it is a mere compilation of the titles of the books, etc., in which Russian-America, or Alaska, is described, or which were printed in Alaska, and are therefore in such intimate relation to the country as to be of value to the student who wishes to study the history of the Territory, or some of the various phases of the development of its material resources. When the compiler had the honor to be sent as Delegate to Congress from Alaska in 1908 he wished to secure for his official use such public documents as had been previously printed by the government, as an aid in his work. A list was prepared of such documents and sent to the Superintendent of Documents, with a request that the items therein be furnished for that use. They were forwarded, but with the information that there were many others. The interested student will notice that the list of United States Public Documents extends from number 6832 to 10,380, and contains 3,548 titles of public documents relating to Alaska. The compiler soon found there were many other books, foreign and domestic, of equal interest in the study of Alaskan problems, and innocently enough entered upon the making of a list of the titles of those which he thought might be needed in presenting to Congress and its committees a proper view of the great Territory, of its potential resources and governmental necessities. Gradually this list increased, as the search was conducted more widely, until the compilation now embraces more than 7,000 titles of general or private publications (not including public documents), in many languages, all relating to the region he represented in Congress. As the search thus begun grew wider in its scope, it grew more interesting in its materials, and the compiler and some of his assistants became chronic book collectors and students of Alaskan history and problems. While every reasonable effort has been made to secure every title of printed books or magazine articles relating to Alaska, and of every book or newspaper printed in the Territory, it is too much to expect that the compilation does contain every such title. So many books and articles in scientific and other periodical publications are so misleading in their titles that it has been found that these are not a fair index to their contents. From time to time new material relating to Alaska is being discovered which lies hidden from the bibliographer who does not read almost every book printed. The best we can say is that we have made a wide search for Alaskan books and have listed every title we could find. A great deal of very valuable matter about the Territory is contained in speeches made in Congress when Alaskan problems are considered by that body, but no attempt has been made to index this scattered material. It will be readily found by the student who will examine the general indexes to the Congressional Record. No attempt has been made, either, to. list the laws passed by Congress for the government of Alaska, except as they have been published in the Charlton Code, 7850, the Carter's Code, 4451, or the Compiled Laws of 1913, 9737, but the indexes to the various volumes of the United States Statutes at large will readily disclose their existence, location and contents, and those engaged in any particular research concerning Congressional matters are referred to those public indexes. Nor has any attempt been made to collect or index maps, private or public, of the Territory or its waters. These maps are usually published in the books or public documents, and will be found therein. Maps of the coast surveys and other public charts may be had, and information about them obtained, by application to the Department from which they are issued. The student is also advised that the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C., publishes a Document Catalogue, of which fourteen volumes are now printed, in which a full and careful list is published of all documents issued by the Government. A careful examination of this Document Catalogue will disclose all the titles of books and general data published by the United States about Alaska. These titles are included in this volume to date, but reference to such Document Catalogues may be had for all others published hereafter.
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 05, No. 02 (March 1927)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1927-03-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 05, No. 03 (June 1927)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1927-06-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 06, No. 01 (December 1927)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1927-12-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 06, No. 02 (March 1928)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1928-03-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 06, No. 03 (June 1928)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1928-06-01
    • BULB GROWING IN ALASKA

      Georgeson, C.C. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1928-10)
      The information in this circular is intended for the use of settlers and homesteaders in Alaska who are interested in the more general growing of hardy flowering bulbs in the Territory. Alaska is very poor in native ornamental plants, and although the Alaska agricultural experiment stations do not specialize in flower growing, the Sitka station in 1923 began -an experiment which was later extended to the stations in the interior, to determine the possibility of growing bulbous plants in the Territory. The experiment has demonstrated that hardy flowering bulbs, including narcissus, tulips, English iris, gladiolus, the Regal lily, and hyacinths can be propagated on a commercial scale in Alaska. Lovers of these beautiful flowers should grow their own bulbs so far as possible, as some varieties can no longer be obtained in commercial quantities from foreign countries on account of the risk of introducing pests. Narcissus bulbs, shipped interstate by American growers, are required by a Federal quarantine to be inspected and certified to be free from pests and diseases, and certain States have placed similar restrictions on the sale of other kinds of bulbs.
    • Vegetable gardening in Alaska

      Georgeson, C. C. (Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1928-11)
      This bulletin is intended for settlers and prospective settlers in Alaska and for others who may be interested in gardening in the Territory. The information given is based upon the results of investigations by the Alaska Experiment Stations during 29 years and should be useful to those who are planning to make Alaska their home. The great extent of the Territory and the variable climate make it necessary to refer briefly to the features which characterize the climate as a whole and to some extent to local conditions as regards temperature and rainfall during the growing season.
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 07, No. 01 (December 1928)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1928-12-01
    • Brief history of cattle breeding in Alaska

      Georgeson, C. C. (Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1929-01)
      So far as is known the Russians were the first people of the Caucasian race to settle in Alaska. They early recognized the possibilities of Alaska for stock-breeding purposes and imported cattle from Siberia in the belief that the animals could be made to sustain themselves on the lush pastures abounding here and there in the new country. Cattle raising was in progress at each of the principal Russian settlements, including Kodiak, Kenai, Ninilchik, and Sitka, when the United States purchased the Territory from Russia in 1867. Some cattle were introduced from the States after the American occupation, but representatives of the original Russian stock were still in evidence when the first agricultural experiment station was established at Sitka in 1898. All the cattle at Kenai and at Ninilchik, on Cook Inlet, were descendants of those that had been introduced from Russia, and their progeny are still to be found at Ninilchick. The animals were small, slim in all proportions, and had a narrow head with thin, upright horns. The average weight of the mature cow was about 500 pounds. In color the stock was brown, or dark red, and occasionally the body Avas mottled. The milk yield was low and had a fat content of about 3 per cent. The cattle had deteriorated not only in general conformation, but also in milking qualities and in suitability for beef production. In 1906 when the Galloway breed was established by the stations as a foundation stock at Kalsin Bay, 15 miles from Kodiak, it was learned that cattle in considerable numbers had at some time in the past been maintained there by the Russians. The most convincing evidence supporting this fact was the discovery in the region of a large pile of thoroughly decayed cattle manure. The Russians, realizing that about 5,000 or 6,000 acres of land at the head of Kalsin Bay were adapted to cattle raising, had probably used the place as a breeding center whence they distributed stock to the settlements throughout the coast region. A few head of cattle of the dairy type were introduced with the establishment of salmon canneries at various points along the coasts. Some of the descendants of these animals remained in the country. At Kodiak, Sitka, Kenai, and other places where Americans had settled, a few head of cattle were kept for the supply of milk. More cattle were introduced into the country with the development of new settlements and camps. Dairies sprang up in the towns to meet the local demands for milk. These cattle, however, were maintained, excepting for the small amount of pasturage available during the summer, on feed which had to be imported from Seattle for the purpose. This is the situation even to-day, but it does not show that cattle can not be supported by locally produced feed. The winter maintenance of cattle is a matter that must be given careful consideration in all parts of the Territory. Experiments with the silo at the Kodiak station were so successful that winter feeding was not found to be the perplexing problem it would have been had the cattle been dependent upon hay and grain shipped in from Seattle. Any kind of green forage can be made into silage. Grown with peas or vetches, oats make excellent silage. The native grasses, especially wild beach rye (Elymus mollis) and a tall sedge {Carex cryptocarpa), have been relied upon for silage at Kodiak, sometimes supplying 90 to 95 per cent of the material put up annually. Sunflowers and horse beans have been successfully made into silage at Matanuska. Artichokes for silage have been grown at each of the stations. The tops are especially well suited to silage making in that the yield is heavy. In seasons unfavorable for haymaking, native bluetop (Calamagrostis langsdorjii) is utilized to some extent for silage. At times the silo at Kodiak has been kept filled with about one-third each of sedge, beach grass, and field crops consisting of oats, peas, barley, and vetch. At Matanuska, in 1925, 2-year-old heifers daily gained in weight and kept in thrifty condition when they were fed 16 pounds of silage, 8 pounds of straw, and 5 pounds of roots. Cows were maintained in a fair flow of milk when they were fed daily per 1,000 pounds of body weight, 25 pounds of silage, 10 pounds of straw, 12 pounds of roots, and 4 pounds of barley-oat chop. To-day the Alaska stations are maintaining a few head each of the Galloway and the Holstein-Friesian breeds. The Galloways are kept at Kodiak and the Holstein-Friesians and crossbred Galloway-Holsteins at Matanuksa. Some yak are being maintained at Fairbanks for crossing with Galloways.
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 07, No. 02 (March 1929)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1929-03-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 07, No. 03 (June 1929)

      Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1929-06-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 08, No. 01 (September 1929)

      The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1929-09-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 08, No. 02 (October 1929)

      The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1929-10-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 08, No. 03 (November 1929)

      The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1929-11-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 08, No. 04 (December 1929)

      The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1929-12-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 08, No. 05 (January 1930)

      The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1930-01-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 08, No. 06 (February 1930)

      The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1930-02-01
    • Farthest-North Collegian, Vol. 08, No. 07 (March 1930)

      The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, 1930-03-01