• Performance of Tencate Mirafi PGM-G4 Interlayer-Reinforced Asphalt Pavements in Alaska

      Li, Peng; Liu, Jenny; Eckman, Paul (Alaska University Transportation Center, 2014-08)
      Geosynthetics has been used in hot mix asphalt (HMA) overlays in a variety of design and construction situations for more than three decades. A number of positive benefits have been identified such as waterproofing control for base and subgrade protection, improved fatigue resistance and reduced propagation of reflective cracks. In cold regions such as Alaska and other northern states, pavements are more prone to distresses due to extreme climatic conditions. Research is needed to explore how interlayers functions in asphalt pavements in cold regions. The interlayers used for pavement reinforcement applications and available in the market are primarily biaxial. Biaxial grids with equal strength in both the machine and cross machine directions allow stress transfer at low strain mainly in longitudinal and transverse directions. The new PGM-G4 paving composite developed by Tencate Geosynthetics contains multi-axial fiberglass filament yarn, which changes the aperture geometry from a rectangular to a quad angular grid structure. This unique feature improves the structure radial stiffness and efficiently distributes stress from surface layer to the geogrid throughout the full 360o. This isotropic feature could deliver optimal asphalt concrete (AC)/grid interaction and more efficient reinforcement. There is a need to identify/validate its expected performance and added value over conventional biaxial grids. Hence, a study has been conducted on interlayer-reinforced asphalt pavements in Alaska that included two phases: laboratory index testing (Phase I) and field performance evaluation (Phase II). Phase I focused on laboratory evaluation of engineering properties of PGM-G4 composite paving grid-reinforced asphalt pavement structure and comparison with other types of interlayers. Five types of interlayers were evaluated in this study for various laboratory tests and they were PGM-G4 (multi-axial composite grid), PGM-G100/100 and PGM-G50/50 (bi-axial composite grid), TruPave® (engineered paving fiberglass and polyester hybrid mat), and MPV500 (conventional polypropylene interlayer). The performance tests included asphalt retention and grab strength tests of interlayers, and shear strength, permeability and indirect tension (IDT) tests of interlayer-reinforced asphalt mixtures. Further, a typical Alaska flexible pavement structure was used, and pavement structure analyses and simulation were conducted by Bisar, Alaska Flexible Pavement Design (AKFPD) and ABAQUS programs to investigate the effects of paving interlayers on the pavement performance.