Browsing Petroleum Engineering by Subject "Oil well drilling"
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End-to-end well planning strategies for Alaska north slope directional wellsDirectional well planning has gained special attention in the Alaska North Slope (ANS) as operators are being compelled to drill increasing numbers of wells from already congested pads because of low oil prices, Capex restrictions, and environmental regulations. This research focuses on two major components of directional well planning: anti-collision and torque and drag analysis in Schrader Bluff, Milne Point. The drilling pattern at the ANS implies very high wellbore collision risk, especially at the shallower section, which affects the safety of drilling operations. However, satisfying anti-collision norms is not the solitary step towards successful well planning. Integration of anti-collision results with torque and drag analysis is essential in evaluating the safety and feasibility of drilling a particular well path and avoiding drill string failures. In the first part of the study, three well profiles (horizontal, slant, and s-shaped) were planned for each of the two new targets selected in the Schrader Bluff OA sand. Initially, this part of the research compared the performance of the newly developed Operator Wellbore Survey Group (OWSG) error model and the industry-standard Industry Steering Committee for Wellbore Surveying Accuracy (ISCWSA) error model. To provide effective guidelines, the results of error model comparison were used to carry out sensitivity analyses based on four parameters: surface location, well profiles, survey tools, and different target locations in the same sand. The results of this study aid in proposing an improved anti-collision risk management workflow for effective well planning in Arctic areas. The second part of the study investigates the drillability of the well paths planned using the improved anti-collision risk management workflow. Furthermore, this part of the research aims at defining the end point limits for critical well planning parameters, including inclination and dogleg, such that within these limits, the well path satisfies anticollision as well as torque and drag considerations. These limits were generated using a drill string optimized in terms of steerable tool, drill pipe size, mud rheology, trip speed, rotational speed, and weight on bit (WOB) during drilling and tripping out operations. The results of this study would help reduce the cumbersome iterative steps and narrow down the design domain for any well to be drilled on the North Slope of Alaska.
Simulation and analysis of wellbore stability in permafrost formation with FLACPermafrost underlies approximately 80% of Alaska. Permafrost's high sensitivity to temperature variations plays a significant role in the stability of wellbores drilled through permafrost formations. Wellbore instability may cause stuck pipes, lost circulation, and/or collapse of the wellbore, resulting in extra cost and time loss. In order to minimize the influence of the heat produced during drilling, a vertical well is the only choice to penetrate permafrost formation. Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua (FLAC) was used in this simulation to test the minimum wellbore pressure to maintain stability in a permafrost formation. Three layers were set in the simulation model: clay, silt, and sand. With the drilling fluid temperature set at 343K and a 267K initial formation temperature, four different thermal times, i.e. 1 week, 1 month, 1 year, and 5 years, were tested to determine the minimum stable pressure. Pore pressure of the formation has the strongest effect on this pressure. And in a short operation period, drilling fluid temperature will not influence the minimum mud pressure value significantly. A regression analysis was conducted on the simulation results, and the minimum wellbore stable pressure was found to be a function of pore pressure, cohesion, frictional angle, temperature difference, conductivity difference, thermal time, and wellbore radius. With the help of this function, engineers could calculate stable pressure for wells in arctic area before drilling based on drilling fluid temperature.