• Presence points and behavioral data of Sarus Crane in Lumbini-Nepal September and October 2014

      Huettmann, Falk; Karmacharya, Dikpal Krishna; Duwal, Rabita (EWHALE Lab, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2015-06-27)
      This dataset presents geo-referenced summaries of Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) and their behavioral sightings from field work. The Lumbini region is the hot spot with more than 250 species of birds and included as an Important Bird Area (IBA) of Nepal. It comprises beautiful cultural and religious resources. Hence, it is under the World Heritage Site of UNESCO. The occurrence of Sarus Crane in this region has religious value related with Buddhism. The 'presence only' data of Sarus Crane are provided for low land Nepal covering most of the VDCs of Rupandehi and Kapilbastu districts. The bounding box (decimal degrees) of the data coverage is 27.30015 til 27.576548 latitude (North) and 83.36193 til 82.990292 longitude (East), and an altitude covering 72m til 111m above sea level. Eight human resources including two experts and six local observers compiled the field-based data. The data consist of an MS Excel which includes 19 rows and 74 columns with the the following column headings: Time, Day, Month and Year of sightings, Observers, Latitude, Longitude and Elevation (m) of the sighting points, Geo-referencing method, Geographic datum, Location, District, Country, Male, Female, ClusterTotal, Habitat, Behaviour and Remarks. While this data set is relatively small, it reflects a large and complex set of representative information for the entire lowland of Nepal. Altogether 201 Sarus Cranes individuals weer counted including 104 male and 97 female within three habitats and four behaviours of birds are also described in the data. Naturalists, bird watchers, modelers as well as investigators of cranes and other birds in the region of Nepal and Northern India will find good value in this data set.
    • Vulture and other ornithological survey data in Annapurna and Manaslu Conservation regions

      Karmacharya, Dikpal Krishna; Gyawali, Seejan; Virani, Munir; Huettmann, Falk (2013-10-01)
      This dataset presents geo-referenced summaries of vulture and raptor sightings (from field work as well as from published sources 1977-2013), as well as general avian species lists and their detected abundances, for the Annapurna (ACA) and Manaslu Conservation Areas (MCA). In addition, compiled 'presence only' data of vultures are provided for Nepal and Northern India as well. The bounding box (decimal degrees) of the data coverage is 77.4966 til 87.0667 latitude and 26.3666 til 28.58333 longitude, and Altitude covers 100m til 7969m. The data consist of MS Excel and include 6 worksheets (all bird list, number of bird sighting and counting, descending number of individuals, vulture survey in ACA, raptors in Manaslu, and compiled presence only sightings of vultures for Nepal and Northern India). While this data set is reatively small, it includes a large and complex set of information for a vast and globally relevant region. The following raptor species are primarily covered in this data set: Upland Buzzard (Buteo hemilasius, TSN 175385), Himalayan Griffon (Gyps fulvus, 175487), Golden Eagler (Aquila chrysaetos, 175407), Himalayan Vulture (Gyps himalayensis,175488), Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus,175483), Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus, 175481) and White-Rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis, 175485). Smaller predators like Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus, 175620), Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus,175604), Shikra (Accipiter badius, 55890), Bonelli's Eagle (Aquila fasciata, 175565), Black Kite (Milvus migrans,175469), Mountain Hawk Eagle (Spizaetus nipalensis, 175580), Spotted Owlet (Athene brama, 555472), Western Osprey (Pandion haliaetus, 175590) and Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela, 175506) were also reported, In addition, overall app. 763 sighting locations of 143 species of birds are also featured in the data (english names as well as scientific names). Naturalists, bird watchers, modelers as well as investigators of raptors and other birds in the Nepal and Northern Indian regions will find great value in this data set.