• Aspects of genetic and morphological variation in selected new world land birds

      Weicker, Jacqueline Joyce (2000-08)
      The objective of this thesis is to examine variation in certain New World land birds, focusing on morphological difference at the intraspecific level and genetic differences at the intra- and interspecific levels. First, I investigate sexual dimorphism in the Wilson's Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla), a Nearctic-Neotropic migrant parulid. Using museum specimens, I quantify the degree of dimorphism and devise a method to distinguish the sexes using morphological measurements. Second, I outline a new method of approximating Weir and Cockerham's 0 (1984, 1993), an unbiased estimator of genetic population structure. The method uses commonly published parameters and obviates the need to recode existing allozyme data sets to calculate 0. The estimation algorithm is shown to be useful for both model populations and real-world avian populations.