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dc.contributor.authorAustin, Kenneth Frank
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-18T00:46:20Z
dc.date.available2018-12-18T00:46:20Z
dc.date.issued1999-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/9708
dc.descriptionThesis (M.A.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1999en_US
dc.description.abstractFrom time immemorial until the start of the 20th century, when disputing Tlingits decided to end a conflict, Tlingit clan leaders and elders met in council and negotiated an equitable peace settlement. After reaching a satisfactory negotiation, a peace dance took place to validate the settlement. Besides the Tlingits, the neighboring Indian groups in Southeast Alaska and British Columbia practiced this custom. When the European and Western powers assumed governance, the deer ritual--a judicial function of the Pacific Northwest Coast Indians--was modified, and new forms appeared. Presently, while elders know their regional history, many do not remember the protocol and formalities of the rite that was performed. This thesis undertakes a step into the past when the rite had an active and viable purpose in settling disputes and validating agreementsen_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsBiographical data -- Introduction -- Tlingit law -- Negotiation -- Tlingit territory and social organization -- Tlingit temperament -- Village defense -- The anatomy of warfare -- Early accounts of peace overtures in the 18th and early 19th centuries -- International peace ceremonies -- Peace settlements not involving the Deer Ritual -- Negotiation and the Deer Ritual -- Speculation concerning the origin of the Guwakaan (Deer) Ritual -- Conclusion -- Appendix I. Some symbols pertaining to the meaning of war and Guwakaan, Deer Ritual -- References cited.en_US
dc.subjectTlingit Indiansen_US
dc.subjectRites and ceremoniesen_US
dc.subjectPolitics and governmenten_US
dc.subjectSocial life and customsen_US
dc.subjectWarfareen_US
dc.titleThe changing vista of the northern Northwest Coast Indian Deer Ritualen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreemaen_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-05T16:40:28Z


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