Now showing items 21-40 of 9569

    • Potential Economics of Nuclear Small Modular Reactor Technology for Alaska

      Fay, Ginny (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2011)
      This presentation provides an overview of reactor model options and scenarios in which small scale nuclear might be economically feasible.
    • Policy Evaluation During the Opioid Epidemic

      Hanson, Bridget; Barnett, Jodi (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2019)
      This presentation provides an overview of research in Alaska's policy responses to rises in opioid use between 2016 and 2018. It outlines outcomes from qualitative analysis of interviews.
    • 'Please tell us about a time you administered naloxone': Maximizing data collection opportunities with challenging informants

      Porter, Rebecca; Hanson, Bridget (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2019)
      This presentation provides a brief overview of results from qualitative study of Naloxone distribution and opioid overdose prevention education program in Alaska, and was presented at a meeting of the American Evaluation Association held in Minneapolis, MN, November 2019.
    • Planting the Seeds to Examine Food Security Challenges in the Alaska Food-Energy-Water Nexus

      Schmidt, Jennifer I. (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      What is the Food-Energy-Water Nexus? It is the relationship between the energy that is used to clean and treat water and to grow food. It is also the recognition that it takes water to grow food and produce electrical power, and that it takes food to power us all to keep these systems running. This set of relationships can be considered at different scales including the "micro" that is most characteristic of small island communities in Alaska. This presentation was delivered at the Alaska Food Policy Council 2019 Festival and Conference.
    • Ocean Acidification and Alaska

      Schwoerer, Tobias; Foy, Robert James (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      This presentation outlines research questions and existing information regarding key commercial fisheries and the potential impact of ocean acidification in Alaska. Presented to the Alaska Board of Fisheries in October 2019.
    • Multiple Margins of Fishing Behavior: Implications for Predicting the Effects of a Policy Change

      Reimer, Matthew (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2014)
      This presentation provides an extensive overview of the analysis and findings of studies of policy change in fishing management. It concludes that "Accurate assessment of the impacts of a policy requires a description of the production process that is sufficiently “deep” so as to be invariant to changes in management institutions". Search for "Hidden Flexibility: Institutions, Incentives, and the Margins of Selectivity in Fishing" for more details on this research.
    • Long-Term Trends in the Pacific Salmon Industry

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      Prepared for a symposium on “The Science of Pacific Salmon Conservation: Foundations, Myths, and Emerging Insights” at the Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society in Reno, Nevada on October 1, 2019.
    • The First 50 Years and the Next: ISER and Alaska's Future

      Hudson, Heather E. (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2011)
      This presentation provides an overview of the work and history of the Institute of Social and Economic Research.
    • Lessons Learned from Solving An Alaska Economic Puzzle

      Goldsmith, Oliver Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2010)
      This presentation provides information about Alaska's historical economic development with particular attention paid to the role of petroleum development, federal funding and private enterprise. Presented at the Meet Alaska Conference in 2010.
    • How do oil prices influence Alaska and other energy-dependent states?

      Guettabi, Mouhcine (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2018)
      We analyze monthly data from the Bureau of Labor and Statistics to evaluate how fluctuations in oil prices affect economic activity in Alaska and other energy-dependent states. For this most recent recession, we find that only 6 of the traditional oil states experienced a recession. Four of those have already recovered, leaving Alaska and North Dakota as the only two to continue losing jobs. Using monthly employment data between 1991 and 2018 we estimate that, on average, the long run effect of a 10% change in oil prices results in a 1.7% change in employment across the five most important oil states. When analyzed individually, we find that some of them experience symmetric responses to oil price increases and decreases while others are much more sensitive to price declines.
    • The Cost of SBIRT Implementation in Mat-Su Primary Care Practices

      Tran, Trang C.; Guettabi, Mouhcine; Frazier, Rosyland; King, Diane; Zold, Amanda (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2018)
      The purpose of this report is to calculate the cost of alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) in three primary care practices located in the Matanuska-Susitna area. Using Fleming et al. (2000)’s benefit-cost ratio of screening and brief physician advice in managed care settings, we estimated the dollar benefits potentially generated by SBIRT services.
    • SBIRT Utilization and Billing among Prenatal Providers in Hawaii

      Tanner, Stacy; Porter, Rebecca; Hanson, Bridget (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2018)
      This report presents findings from key informant interviews that were conducted to understand Hawaii prenatal providers’ use of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) in everyday practice. Five prenatal providers who practice in Hawaii participated in the interviews. Although participants acknowledged the importance of utilizing SBIRT in prenatal care, SBIRT appeared to be underutilized. Most did not have standard SBIRT procedures incorporated within their practice. Participants’ primary concerns regarding routine use of SBIRT included time constraints, lack of technology within the electronic health record, and stigma. Recommendations from prenatal providers regarding SBIRT decision-making, billing process improvements, and provider incentives to enhance reimbursement practices are discussed.
    • Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Practice Behaviors, Attitudes, and Confidence among Members of the American College of Nurse-Midwives 2018

      Porter, Rebecca; Hanson, Bridget; Mertz, Robyn (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2018)
      As part of an ACNM collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and its partners and grantees on a project to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), ACNM members were surveyed to assess the practice behaviors of certified nurse midwives and certified midwives related to the prevention of FASDs. Two surveys were conducted; the first served as a baseline from which to measure change in nurse-midwives’ and midwives’ practice behaviors over the course of the project. Results from the baseline assessment were also used to inform detailed collaborative activities between ACNM and CDC grantees whose efforts specifically target nurse-midwives (i.e., University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA); University of California, San Diego; University of Pittsburgh). The second survey was conducted 15 months after the baseline as a follow-up and findings were compared to the baseline.
    • Medicaid Policies for Alcohol SBI Reimbursement

      Smith, Oliver; Hanson, Bridget; Porter, Rebecca (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2017)
      The purpose of this report was to review existing reimbursement policies by state Medicaid agency, including the District of Columbia (D.C.), in order to understand similarities and differences associated with financial compensation for alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI) services. Alcohol SBI is an evidence-based practice known to help reduce atrisk alcohol consumption among patients who drink too much. 1 Although alcohol SBI was designed to be a population-based approach to address unhealthy alcohol consumption, its current utilization is limited. 2 Implementation of the practice into routine clinical care remains a challenge at the health system level even with support from federal resources (e.g., SBIRT: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment). One way to encourage the uptake of alcohol SBI/SBIRT among providers is to ensure that the service is reimbursable by third-party payers. However, reimbursement opportunities vary by state and payer, and in some locations are non-existent. Information about the current status of policies will assist in the development of policies and incentives to encourage healthcare providers and systems to submit claims for alcohol SBI/SBIRT and potentially increase the routine uptake of the service in clinical care.
    • Implementing SBIRT in Primary Care: A Study of Three Mat-Su Borough Health Care Practices

      Passini, Jessica; Elkins, Amanda; King, Diane; Frazier, Rosyland (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2018)
      Despite decades of research evidence that SBIRT is effective for addressing unhealthy patterns of drinking and reducing binge drinking, its adoption within healthcare practices continues to be slow. Providers have identified numerous reasons for not routinely screening and intervening on alcohol, including limited time, training, and resources for patients requiring treatment; lack of confidence in their ability to help patients reduce their drinking; inadequate reimbursement for SBIRT services, and worry about stigmatizing patients.
    • Seasonal Characteristics of Humpback Whales {Megaptera novaeangliae) in Southeastern Alaska

      Straley, Janice M.; Gabriele, Christine M.; Baker, C. Scott (National Park Service Alaska System Support Office, 1995-11)
      Humpback whales were studied in southeastern Alaska to assess seasonal distribution and numbers, migration patterns, length of stay, female reproductive histories, and calf survival. A mean annual estimate and 95% confidence interval of whales present in the study areas was 404 ± 54 individuals. The longest length of stay was nearly 7 months, and the shortest transit to the Hawaiian mating and calving grounds was 39 days. Generally, birth intervals did not vary from one calf every two or three years; individual variation ranged from one to five years. There were few resightings of whales first seen as calves. The recovery of North Pacific humpback whales will only occur through an increase in the survival of calves to become sexually mature and reproducing adults.
    • Applying the food–energy–water nexus concept at the local scale

      2021-05-13
      The food–energy–water (FEW) nexus describes interactions among domains that yield gains or trade-offs when analysed together rather than independently. In a project about renewable energy in rural Alaska communities, we applied this concept to examine the implications for sustainability and resilience. The FEW nexus provided a useful framework for identifying the cross-domain benefits of renewable energy, including gains in FEW security. However, other factors such as transportation and governance also play a major role in determining FEW security outcomes in rural Alaska. Here, we show the implications of our findings for theory and practice. The precise configurations of and relationships among FEW nexus components vary by place and time, and the range of factors involved further complicates the ability to develop a functional, systematic FEW model. Instead, we suggest how the FEW nexus may be applied conceptually to identify and understand cross-domain interactions that contribute to long-term sustainability and resilience.
    • New views of humpback whale flow dynamics and oral morphology during prey engulfment

      Kosma, Madison, M.; Chenoweth, Ellen M.; Straley, Janice M.; Werth, Alexander J. (Marine Mammal Science, 2019-05-14)
      The rise of inexpensive, user-friendly cameras and editing software promises to revolutionize data collection with minimal disturbance to marine mammals. Video sequences recorded by aerial drones and GoPro cameras provided close-up views and unique perspectives of humpback whales engulfing juvenile salmon at or just below the water surface in Southeast Alaska and Prince William Sound. Although humpback feeding is famous for its flexibility, several stereotyped events were noted in the 47 lunges we analyzed. Engulfment was extremely rapid (mean 2.07 s), and the entrance through which the tongue inverts into the ventral pouch was seen as water rushes in. Cranial elevation was a major contributor to gape, and pouch contraction sometimes began before full gape closure, with reverberating waves indicating rebounding flow of water within the expanded pouch. Expulsion of filtered water began with a small splash at the anterior of the mouth, followed by sustained excurrent flow in the mouth’s central or posterior regions. Apart from a splash of rebounding water, water within the mouth was surprisingly turbulence-free during engulfment, but submersion of the whale’s head created visible surface whirlpools and vortices which may aggregate prey for subsequent engulfment.
    • ROADS AND AIRFIELDS CONSTRUCTED ON PERMAFROST: A Synthesis of Practice

      Connor, Billy; Goering, Douglas J.; Kanevskiy, Mikhail; Trochim, Erin; Bjella, Kevin L.; McHattie, Robert L. (2020-12)
      This synthesis provides the practicing engineer with the basic knowledge required to build roadway and airports over permafrost terrain. Topic covered include an overview of permafrost, geotechnical investigations, slope stability, impacts of climate, and adaptation strategies during the design, construction and maintenance phases. The purpose of the synthesis is not to provide a comprehensive body of knowledge or to provide a complete how‐to manual. Rather the synthesis provides a working knowledge for those working in permafrost regions such that the practicing engineer will be able to work with subject matter experts to obtain the desired project outcomes.
    • Editing uploaded records in the Alaska's Digital Archives

      Schmuland, Arlene B. (2021-05-12)
      This tutorial describes how to edit metadata, files, and bands for records uploaded to the Alaska's Digital Archives.